Stáhnout materiál Business English

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Stáhnout materiál Business English
Pre-intermediate wordlist: English to Czech
Page
No.
English
Part of
Speech
Definition
Czech
a person who keeps the records of money that is received and
spent by a company
the records of all the money that a company has received or spent
účetní
the character or feeling of a place or situation
the job of keeping a record of the money that is received and spent
by a company
a person who advises people on a subject that they are an expert
in
make all the different people and different parts of an activity work
together in an organised way
letters, especially official or business letters
a time or day by which something must be done
a person in a high position in an organisation who makes
decisions
not well-made or not working correctly
very busy and fast
the part of a business that deals with finding new employees,
keeping records of employees and helping them with any
problems, etc.
atmosféra
účetnictví
a list of things bought or work done with the price, for payment
later
a room or building with equipment for doing scientific tests
very busy
faktura
UNIT 1
10
accountant
n
11
accounts
n
11
10
atmosphere
book-keeping
n
n
11
consultant
n
11
coordinate
v
T2
11
11
correspondence
deadline
executive
n
n
n
11
T1
10
faulty
hectic
human resources
adj
adj
pl n
11
invoice
n
11
T1
laboratory
manic
n
adj
účty
poradce, konzultant
koordinovat
korespondence
konečný termín, lhůta
vedoucí pracovník
vadný
hektický
oddělení lidských zdrojů, personální oddělení
laboratoř
horečný, šílený
10
marketing
n
a group of activities to help sell a product or service by considering
buyers’ wants and needs
very careful and paying a lot of attention to detail.
the official record of what people say and decide during a meeting
marketing
T1
T2
meticulous
minutes
adj
pl n
10
payroll
n
a list of people employed in a company, showing how much each
person is paid
the people who work in an organisation
a set of rules or a plan of what to do in a particular situation
decide which tasks are the most important
the activity of looking at goods or services to make sure that they
are of the correct standard
the department in a business which deals with planning new
products and trying to improve existing ones
výplatní listina
11
12
T2
11
personnel
policy
prioritise
quality control
pl n
n
v
n
10
research and
development (R and D)
n
11
retailer
n
a person who sells products to the public
maloobchodník
T1
11
12
10
springboard
stock
wealthy
welfare
n
v
adj
n
something which provides energy at the start of an action
provide something for people to buy
rich
a person’s health and happiness
odrazový můstek
mít na skladě
zámožný, bohatý
spokojenost, blaho
n
v
n
adj
n
v
adj
adj
adj
the opportunity to see or use something
decide not to do a planned activity
something that is difficult to do
difficult in a way which tests your ability or determination
a person who you work with
produce (an idea or suggestion)
equal to or better than others
looking directly at one another
able to be changed easily according to the situation
a system where managers deal with employees’ problems quickly
and directly
money which is paid regularly to a person who has retired
přístup
zrušit, odvolat
náročný, ale zároveň lákavý úkol; výzva
náročný, ale zároveň lákavý
kolega
přijít s něčím (např. s nápadem, myšlenkou)
konkurenceschopný
osobně, tváří v tvář
flexibilní, pružný, přizpůsobivý
manažerský styl "otevřených dveří" - systém, kdy manažeři řeší problémy
zaměstnanců rychle a přímo s nimi
starobní penze, důchod
pečlivý
zápis ze schůze, z jednání
zaměstnanci, personál
zásady, postup
stanovovat pořadí dle důležitosti
kontrola kvality, jakosti
výzkum a vývoj
UNIT 2
16
T3
14
15
14
15
15
T3
15
16
16
access
call off
challenge
challenging
colleague
come up with
competitive
face to face
flexible
open-door management
style
pension
n
16
pension scheme
n
a system into which an employee and employer make regular
payments for a period of years, so that the employee can receive a
pension when they retire
penzijní, důchodový systém
16
pool
v
dát dohromady (ke společnému prospěchu)
15
15
15
potential
proposal
put forward
n
n
v
allow something to be collected and shared by everyone in a
group
a person’s or product’s ability to develop and succeed
a suggestion, sometimes a written one
state (an opinion or suggestion) for other people to consider
potenciál
návrh
předložit
15
15
rewarding
role
adj
n
satisfying because you feel it is important or useful
the position or purpose that a person has in an organisation
užitečný, prospěšný, vyplácející se
role, úloha
14
14
17
standard
strategy
workforce
adj
n
n
usual or normal
a plan for achieving success
the group of people who work in a company
standardní, obvyklý, normální
strategie
pracovní síly, zaměstnanci
n
n
n
n
a series of activities to advertise something
a prize for achieving something
a large board used to display advertisements
a number of shops, hotels, etc. which are owned by the same
company
a trust which is formed with the aim of giving money to charity
reklamní kampaň
ocenění, cena (za něco)
billboard, velkoplošná reklamní tabule
řetězec (např. obchodů, hotelů)
UNIT 3
18
18
18
20
advertising campaign
award
billboard
chain
T4
charitable trust
20
collective
n
18
18
commercial
decline
n
n
18
depression
n
18
exhibition
18
20
18
founding
growth
inherit
a business which is owned or controlled by the people who work in
it
an advertisement on TV or radio
a situation where something becomes less in number or amount
dobročinná nadace, charita
družstvo (výrobní, zemědělské)
reklama v rádiu nebo v televizi
pokles
hospodářská krize
n
a long period when there is very little business activity and not
many jobs
an event where companies show their products to the public
n
n
v
start (a new company or organisation)
the process of increasing in number or size
receive money or a business from a person after they have died
založení
růst
zdědit
výstava
18
21
21
20
launch
leading
merge
mill
v
adj
v
n
show something for the first time
the most important
join together
a building fitted with machinery for a manufacturing process
uvést na trh
přední, hlavní
fúzovat, sloučit se v jeden subjekt
továrna, výrobní závod
21
T4
packaging
pension fund
n
n
the material put around goods before they are sold
an amount of money which people can pay into while working,
which is then used to make regular payments to them after they
retire
obal
penzijní fond
T4
T4
20
philanthropist
poverty
privatise
n
n
v
filantrop, lidumil
chudoba
privatizovat
18
20
rivet
share
n
n
a person who gives money and help to people who need it
the situation of being poor
sell a company which is owned by the government to a private
company or a member of the public
a metal pin, usually used to join pieces of metal together
any of the equal parts into which a company’s capital is divided
21
slogan
n
a short phrase used in advertising which is easy to remember
slogan
18
take over
v
get control of or responsibility for something (e.g. a company)
převzít (např. firmu)
T4
trust
n
nadace
21
wrapper
n
an organisation which controls money or property for the benefit of
other people
a piece of paper or plastic which covers something that you buy
(especially food)
nýt
akcie
obal
UNIT 4
23
25
22
backfire
booked up
broadband
v
adj
n
have the opposite result of what you wanted
with no free places for extra appointments
a telecommunications system which allows information to be sent
quickly between computers and other electronic equipment
mít opačný účinek
mající plný program, zaneprázdněný
širokopásmový vysílací systém
23
22
cluttered
competitor
adj
n
přecpaný
konkurent
22
download
v
full of unnecessary things
a person, company or product which is trying to be more
successful than another in the same market
copy data from one computer system to another or to a disk
natáhnout/načíst data
23
exchange rate
n
the amount of one currency which you can buy with a particular
amount of another currency
směnný kurz
23
gimmick
n
something which is used to get people’s attention but which isn’t
very useful
obrazový efekt k upoutání pozornosti
22
23
24
22
graphic
handling charge
hard copy
home page
n
n
n
n
image which is shown on a computer screen
the cost of moving goods from one place to another
a paper copy of information which came from a computer
the first page that you should see when you look at a website
grafika
manipulační poplatek
papírová podoba elektronických dokumentů či informací
domovská stránka
22
23
load
logo
v
n
zkrácená podoba slova "download" - viz výše
logo
22
24
22
online
purchase
search engine
adj
v
n
24
23
23
22
set up
time-consuming
up to date
update
v
adj
adj
v
abbreviation of download
a design or symbol which is used by a company to advertise its
products
connected to the internet
buy
a computer programme which finds information on the Internet
using words that you type in
organise (an event); start (a new business)
needing a lot of time
modern or containing the most recent information
make something more modern or give the most recent information
to
připojený k internetu, "online"
koupit
vyhledávač
nastavit
časově náročný
aktuální, moderní
aktualizovat
UNIT 5
28
27
26
agricultural
assemble
blade
adj
v
n
connected with farming
build something by joining different parts together
the sharp metal part of a machine or piece of equipment which is
used to cut something
a glass object which produces light from electricity
zemědělský
smontovat
ostří
29
bulb (abbr. of light bulb)
n
26
cable
n
a wire, usually covered by plastic, which carries electricity or
telecommunication signals
kabel
26
29
T6
card index
charge
craftsman
n
v
n
kartotéka, lístkový rejstřík
nabít
řemeslník
crash
device
v
n
a box for storing cards in a particular order
store electrical energy in
a person who uses special skills to make things, especially with
their hands
suddenly stop working
a piece of equipment which does a particular job
29
26
žárovka
porouchat se
zařízení, přístroj
27
27
26
26
26
dismantle
fasten
file
gadget
hole punch
v
v
n
n
n
take something apart so that it is in several pieces
fix something together, or fix one thing to another
a type of container used to store documents
a small piece of equipment which does a particular job
a small piece of equipment used for making holes in paper
rozmontovat
připevnit, upevnit
šanon
důmyslný přístroj, šikovný vynález
děrovačka papíru
29
26
jam
lead
v
n
zaseknout se
přívodní kabel
26
26
lever
paper clip
n
n
become unable to work because a part is stuck
a wire which connects a piece of electrical equipment to the
electricity supply
a handle that you push or pull to make a machine work
a small piece of bent metal used for holding papers together
27
27
permanent
pliers
adj
pl n
28
29
29
26
premises
run out
seminar
shredder
pl n
v
n
n
26
stapler
n
27
27
temporary
tool
adj
n
28
upgrade
v
improve the quality or usefulness of something
zlepšit kvalitu či užitečnost něčeho (použitím např. dokonalejšího softwaru
či hardwaru), "upgradovat"
lasting forever or for a very long time
a piece of equipment with two handles for pulling small things (e.g.
nails) or for cutting wire
the land and buildings owned by an organisation
use all of something so that there is none left
a meeting of a group of people for discussion or training
a machine used for cutting documents into very small pieces
a small piece of equipment used to fix papers together by pushing
a small piece of metal through them
lasting for only a short time
a piece of equipment which you use with your hands to make or
repair something
páčka
sponka na papíry
trvalý
kleště, "kombinačky"
prostory
dojít (o zásobě něčeho)
seminář
skartovačka
sešívačka
dočasný
nástroj, nářadí
UNIT 6
T8
T7
33
authorise
blend
budget
v
v
n
give official permission for something
mix two or more things together
a plan which shows how much money you have and how you will
spend it
schválit, povolit
smísit
rozpočet
33
T7
31
31
budget holder
dissolve
evaporate
evaporation
n
v
v
n
the person responsible for a particular budget
(of a solid) become part of a liquid
(of a liquid) change into gas
the act of evaporating
správce rozpočtu nebo přidělených finančních prostředků
rozpustit (se)
vypařit (se)
vypařování
31
31
33
31
extract
extraction
filing cabinet
ingredient
v
n
n
n
take something out of something else
the act of extracting something
a piece of furniture in an office used for holding documents
any of the substances used to make something, especially food
extrahovat
extrakce
registrační síň, registratura, skříň na spisy
přísada, ingredience
32
in-house
adj
vlastní (interní, domácí)
32
label
n
31
production plant
n
done within a company by its employees, not by people from
outside the company
a small piece of paper, material, etc. attached to an object which
gives information about it
a place where an industrial or manufacturing process takes place
32
productivity
n
a measure which compares the value of what a company
produces with the time and money which it spends producing it
produktivita
32
32
promote
sample
v
n
encourage the popularity and sales of a product
a small amount of something which shows you what it is like
propagovat
vzorek
T8
32
32
32
31
stationery
supplier
target
target market
vat
n
n
n
n
n
things which you use for writing (e.g. pens and paper)
a company which provides products or services
a result that you intend to achieve
the group of people that a product is aimed at
a large container for mixing or storing liquids, especially in a
factory
kancelářské potřeby
dodavatel
cíl
cílová skupina zákazníků, cílový segment trhu
káď, nádrž, sud
n
a large amount of work or matters which are waiting to be done
nevyřízené věci, "resty"
značka
výrobní závod
UNIT 7
T10
backlog
35
banker’s card (also bank n
card, cheque card)
a card which you show when you pay for something by cheque to
show that the bank promises to pay your cheques
bankovní průkaz majitele šekového konta
37
T10
bear with someone
catalogue
v
n
mít s někým strpení
katalog
37
35
courier
customs
n
pl n
wait while a person does something
a book with a list of all the goods you can buy from a shop or
company
a person who transports documents or products
the place at an airport or port through which goods must pass to
make sure they are not illegal and where any tax must be paid
kurýr
celnice, celní odbavení
37
34
44
cut off
discount
engaged
v
n
adj
37
extension
n
36
freight
n
36
n
37
37
freight forwarding
specialist
get through
hang up
v
v
break the connection during a telephone call
a reduction in the usual price
(of a telephone line) unavailable because already being used by
another person
a telephone, especially one with its own additional number on a
line leading from the main switchboard
goods which are carried from one place to another by ship, rail,
plane or truck
a person or company who arranges for goods to be transported
from one place to another
succeed in speaking to somebody on the telephone
finish a telephone conversation and put the telephone down
T10
heavy-duty
adj
especially strong so that it can be used in difficult conditions
trvanlivý, odolný
37
T10
36
hold on
hold the line
intellectual property (IP)
v
v
n
nezavěšovat telefon, vyčkat
nezavěšovat telefon, vyčkat
duševní vlastnictví
35
log off
v
T9
36
packing list
patent
n
n
37
37
put through
ring off
v
v
wait for a short time
wait for a short time (on the telephone)
a person’s or company’s rights to profit from their idea or design
(without another person copying it)
top a computer being connected to a computer system, when you
want to stop working
a list of goods that are packed and ready to send
the legal right to be the only person or company to make or sell an
invention for a certain number of years
connect a person to another telephone extension
finish a telephone conversation and put the telephone down
35
sales channel
n
the way or place in which something is sold
způsob, jímž se zboží prodává, nebo místo prodeje, "prodejní kanál"
37
switchboard
n
telefonní ústředna
36
trade fair
n
36
trademark
n
a piece of equipment for the manual control of telephone
connections
an event where companies show and sell their products to retailers
or other companies who work in the same field
a legally registered name or symbol which represents a company
or product and cannot be used by another company
37
warehouse
n
a large building for storing goods before they are sold
přerušit (telefonní hovor)
sleva
obsazený (např. telefonní linka)
pobočná telefonní linka, "klapka"
náklad
speditér
dovolat se někam
zavěsit, položit telefon
odpojit se, odhlásit se (při práci na počítači)
seznam zboží v určitém balení, konsignace
patent
telefonicky spojit, přepojit
zavěsit, položit telefon
veletrh
ochranná známka, obchodní značka
skladiště
UNIT 8
39
banner
n
an advertisement that appears across the top of a webpage
reklama, která se objevuje na horním okraji webové stránky, "banner"
40
brand identity
n
the values and qualities which people associate with a particular
brand
"identita značky", hodnoty a vlastnosti, které si lidé spojují s určitou
značkou výrobků
40
carrier
n
dopravce, přepravce (zejména letecký)
39
channel
n
a company, usually an airline, which transports goods or people
from one place to another
a way of getting something done or a way of communicating with
people
39
channel of distribution
n
(also distribution channel)
the way in which goods are transported from producers to buyers
distribuční postupy/cesty/kanály
39
classified ad
n
a small advertisement in a newspaper or magazine
40
39
41
41
40
fare
forecast
glamour
green
hospitality
n
v
n
n
n
the money a passenger must pay for a journey
say what you expect to happen in the future
an attractive and exciting quality
concerned with the protection of the environment
the action of entertaining people in a welcoming and friendly way
řádkový inzerát či malý plošný inzerát na tematicky rozčleněné inzertní
straně
jízdné, cena letenky
předpovědět
kouzlo, zvláštní půvab, přitažlivost
spojený s ochranou životního prostředí, "zelený"
pohostinnost
41
39
innovation
lifecycle
n
n
the use of new ideas and methods
the length of time that people continue to buy a particular product
inovace
životní cyklus výrobku; doba, po kterou zákazníci kupují určitý výrobek
38
lifespan
n
životnost
39
market leader
n
39
market research
n
39
market share
n
39
pop-up
n
39
public relations (PR)
pl n
the length of time a machine or piece of equipment is expected to
last
a company which sells more of a type of product than its
competitors
activities to obtain and study information about the things which
people buy or want to buy
the percentage of sales which a company has for a type of product
compared with its competitors
an advertisement which appears in a separate window on a
webpage
the activity of keeping good relationships between an organisation
and the public
39
small ad
n
see classified ad
postup, cesta, "kanál"
firma s vedoucím postavením v prodeji určitého typu výrobků, vedoucí
firma na trhu
průzkum trhu
podíl na trhu
reklama objevující se na webové stránce ve speciálním okně,
"vyskakující" reklama
vztahy s veřejností
viz classified add
39
word of mouth
n
the process of getting to know about a product by hearing about it
from friends, colleagues, etc.
ústní propagace výrobku
UNIT 9
45
43
43
agenda
branch
brand
n
n
n
a list of things to be discussed in a meeting
any of the offices or shops that belong to a large company
a type of product made by a company under a particular name
program schůze/jednání
pobočka
značka výrobku
43
42
42
catering
compact
connection
n
adj
n
zajišťování jídla a pití, catering
zabírající co nejméně prostoru, kompaktní
spojení
43
43
T24
demonstrate
demonstration
entertain
v
n
v
42
42
entertainment
organiser
n
n
T14
43
43
pick someone up
rep
representative
v
n
n
the activity of providing food and drink
closely and neatly packed together to save space
a train or plane which passengers arriving on another train or
plane can catch to continue their journey.
show something (e.g. a product) and explain how it works
the act of showing something and explaining how it works
show hospitality to a business client (e.g. by taking them to an
event or a restaurant)
action of showing hospitality
a small file or diary where you record your appointments and other
useful information
collect a person or object from somewhere
(abbr. of representative)
an agent of a company who travels to clients to sell products
44
42
42
42
retire
stylish
voicemail
wall planner
v
adj
n
n
stop working because of old age or ill health
of high quality in appearance and design
an electronic telephone answering system
a poster to put on the wall showing the days of the year so that
you can write appointments on it
odejít do důchodu
velmi moderního vzhledu
hlasová schránka, telefonní záznamník
velký plánovací kalendář na zeď
n
n
48
debt
n
the passage between seats on an aeroplane
the card that a passenger must have to show that they have
passed security checks before getting on a plane
the place at the airport where you show your ticket, give in your
luggage and receive your boarding card
money that is owed to a person or company
ulička mezi sedadly
palubní vstupenka
46
aisle
boarding card (also
boarding pass)
check-in desk
předvést, demonstrovat
předvedení, demonstrace
bavit, hostit (např. obchodního partnera)
zábava
diář (elektronický nebo papírový)
vyzvednout, naložit někoho
zástupce (zkrácená podoba slova "representative")
zástupce
UNIT 10
46
46
n
odbavovací přepážka
dluh
46
departure lounge
n
the area in an airport where passengers wait before they get on a
plane
odletová hala (prostor, kde se čeká na vlastní nástup do letadla)
49
46
dip
duty-free shop
n
n
pokles
bezcelní obchod
49
fee
n
T19
glove compartment
n
a movement downwards to a lower level or number
a shop in an airport or on board a ship where you can buy goods
without paying government tax
payment made to a professional person in exchange for advice or
services
a small cupboard in the front of a car for storing small objects
48
46
heavy goods train
locker
n
n
47
46
T18
put off
reschedule
road tax
v
v
n
48
shuttle
n
a train used for transporting large goods
a small cupboard which can be locked, usually one of several
placed together in a public place
arrange to delay an event or appointment until a later time
change the arranged time of something
a tax you must pay on your vehicle before you are allowed to drive
it on the road
a vehicle or aeroplane that travels regularly between two places
49
49
48
soar
thriving
venue
v
adj
n
rise quickly to a high level or number
growing and successful
the place where an event or meeting takes place
prudce stoupat
prosperující
místo konání
equipment that allows you to hear and see something (e.g. a
presentation)
the total amount that can be contained or produced
a formal meeting of people from the same type of business or with
the same interests, usually lasting a few days
audiovizuální technika
poplatek (např. členský)
přihrádka na palubní desce auta
těžký nákladní vlak
uzamykatelná skříňka, v letadle přihrádka na příruční zavazadla
odložit (na pozdější dobu)
přeložit na jiný termín (např. let)
silniční daň
kyvadlová doprava
UNIT 11
50
audiovisual equipment
n
51
50
capacity
conference
n
n
51
51
52
50
convert
delegate
downgrade
flipchart
v
n
v
n
50
gym (abbr. of
gymnasium)
high-tech
51
výrobní kapacita
konference
přestavět
delegát
zařadit do nižší kategorie
tabule s velkými listy papíru (které se otáčejí jako kalendář)
n
to change in form, character or use
a person sent to represent others at a conference
reduce a person or thing to a lower position
a board with large pieces of paper fixed at the top which can be
turned over
a large room with equipment for doing physical exercises
adj
using the most advanced technology and equipment
technicky na vysoké úrovni
tělocvična, posilovna
50
IDD (International Direct
Dialling) phone
n
a phone which you can use to make international calls without
going through an operator
telefon umožňující přímé volání do zahraniční
53
laundry service
n
a service offered by some hotels for washing, drying and ironing
guests’ clothes
praní prádla (hotelová služba)
51
51
lecture
partition
n
n
přednáška
přepažení, přepážka, příčka
50
safe
n
51
stage
n
51
52
50
state-of-the-art
suite
video conferencing
adj
n
n
a formal talk to a group of people on a particular subject
a structure, usually a thin wall, which separates one part of a room
from another
a locked cupboard where you can keep money and other valuable
items
the area of a theatre where actors perform or lecturers give their
talks
using the most recent technology and ideas
a set of connected rooms in a hotel
a telecommunications system in which two or more people in
different parts of the world can talk to each other and see each
other on a TV screen
trezor
pódium
nejmodernější
apartmá
videokonference
UNIT 12
56
56
approach
autonomy
n
n
a way of dealing with a situation or problem
a company’s ability to choose and organise its own systems and
activities
not allow a person to do or have something
the person in charge of a meeting, conference or organisation
přístup
samospráva, autonomie
57
56
ban
v
chairman (also
n
chairwoman, chairperson)
56
diverse
adj
made up of a variety of different things or different types of people
rozmanitý, široký (např. škála)
56
feedback
n
information about a product or person, used as a basis for
improvement
zpětná vazba
57
T21
headquarters
negotiate
n
v
sídlo
vyjednávat
56
office politics
pl n
the managerial centre of an organisation
have formal discussions with a person in order to reach an
agreement
the relationships (good and bad) between people who work in the
same office
56
panel
n
57
parcel
n
a small group of people brought together to decide or discuss
something
an object wrapped in paper so it can be sent by post
zakázat
předseda (předsedkyně), předsedající
vztahy mezi lidmi v téže kanceláři
diskusní skupina
balíček, malý balík
T22
questionnaire
n
a list of questions, usually with a choice of answers, in order to
collect information about a subject
dotazník
56
rumour
n
an interesting story, which may or may not be true, that people are
talking about
zvěst, pověst, šeptanda
T22
stand
n
stánek
55
survey
n
56
56
task
team-building
n
n
a temporary display area where products are shown, often at a
conference or trade fair
a study of the opinions of a group of people, based on a list of
questions
a piece of work
activities to encourage people to build relationships with each
other and work together as a team
a person you know because of work or business
a small piece of plastic or metal with words or design (e.g. your
name and company) to attach to your clothes
live or work mainly in this place
a company that gives expert advice on a particular subject
a large box used for storing or moving things
a competition where people are given numbered tickets which are
chosen at random to decide winners of prizes
the set of beliefs and ambitions which are typical of a group or
company
the business of arranging and selling flowers
order or structure
the situation when a company does not have enough money to
pay its debts
a pin which is used to fasten something (e.g. a badge) to the front
of your jacket
kolega, spolupracovník, partner
odznak, visačka
průzkum
úkol
vytváření/budování týmů
UNIT 13
58
60
associate
badge
n
n
59
61
59
60
be based in
consultancy
crate
draw
v
n
n
n
60
ethos
n
61
60
60
floristry
framework
insolvency
n
n
n
60
lapel pin
n
60
mailshot
n
60
60
mission
motto
n
n
61
60
put down to
referral
v
n
mít sídlo, základnu
poradenská firma
bedna, bedýnka
loterie
étos, charakter, mravní základ
květinářství
rámec
platební neschopnost, insolventnost
špendlík/svírací špendlík do klopy
a piece of advertising material sent to a large number of
addresses
the purpose or aim of an organisation
a short sentence or phrase which expresses a belief or purpose
tištěný propagační materiál zasílaný spotřebitelům
poslání
motto
think something is caused by something else in particular
the act of directing someone to another person or place for help or
business
připisovat, přikládat něco něčemu
odkázání někoho na někoho jiného či nějaký jiný subjekt (prostřednictvím
poskytnutí kontaktních informací)
61
60
61
staffing
telemarketing
turnover
n
n
n
the action of providing employees for an organisation
selling goods or services by telephone
the amount of money taken by a business in a particular period
nábor zaměstnanců
prodej zboží a služeb po telefonu, telemarketing
obrat (zboží, peněz)
60
wind up
v
gradually bring an activity to an end
končit, zakončovat
UNIT 14
T24
body language
n
the movements and positions of your body which show other
people how you are feeling, often without you knowing it
informace vědomě či nevědomě zprostředkovávané gesty, posunky,
očima
T25
bonus
n
an extra amount of money paid to a person for good performance
prémie
T25
commemorate
v
připomínat památku něčeho
63
department store
n
officially remember, with respect, people or an event, especially
with a ceremony
a large shop selling a variety of goods in different departments
62
eye contact
n
63
63
64
63
giant
harmony
host
job description
n
n
n
n
62
T24
63
63
minimal
offence
pharmaceutical
product positioning
adj
n
adj
n
65
65
T24
punctual
small talk
spectrum
65
64
64
obchodní dům
adj
n
n
the situation when two people look at each other’s eyes at the
same time
a very large, successful company
peacefulness or agreement
a person who invites other people as guests
a written list of the responsibilities you have and things you are
expected to do in your work
of a very small amount
feeling of annoyance or hurt
concerned with the preparation of medicinal drugs
the way that people think about a product compared with
competing products, or the way that the company would like them
to think
arriving or doing things at the correct time, not later
polite conversation about unimportant things
the range of possible opinions, feelings or ways of behaving
kontakt pohledem do očí
dochvilný
zdvořilostní, nezávazná konverzace
spektrum, škála
to the point
adj
directly expressed and suitable for the topic being discussed
k věci
unwrap
wrap
v
v
remove the paper or material that covers something
cover something with paper or material
rozbalit
zabalit
obří firma, gigant
harmonie
hostitel
pracovní náplň
minimální
urážka
farmaceutický
image, jakou nějaký výrobek na určitém trhu má, nebo jakou mu chce
firma vybudovat
UNIT 15
69
69
67
act on
at the cutting edge
average
67
69
67
v
n
do what is suggested
at the most recent stage of development
a standard or level which is considered to be normal or the
number obtained by adding two or more amounts together and
dividing the total by the number of amounts
jednat, chovat se, řídit se podle něčeho
na vrcholu
průměr
block booking
boom
break down barriers
n
n
v
a booking (e.g. for a hotel) for a group of people
a period when a country or industry is very successful
improve understanding and communication between people
hromadná rezervace
období prosperity, prudkého ekonomického růstu; konjunktura
odstraňovat bariéry
67
break the ice
v
prolamovat ledy, odstraňovat (komunikační) bariéry
T26
committed
adj
63
66
67
68
T26
conflict
cooperate
cooperative
creative
crisis
n
v
adj
adj
n
T26
69
T26
dominate
forum
handout
v
n
n
make people who do not know each other well feel more relaxed
with each other
willing to give your time and energy to something that you believe
in
a serious disagreement or argument
work together for a particular purpose
willing to work with people and do what they ask
producing and using new and unusual ideas
a situation which has reached a very difficult point, or a time of
great disagreement and uncertainty
have control over a person or group of people
a meeting for the exchange of opinions
a piece of printed information, sometimes given by a speaker to
their audience
69
66
69
implement
interact
in-tray
v
v
n
69
maintenance
n
67
69
68
object
objective
original
n
n
adj
67
participant
n
oddaný něčemu
konflikt, střet
spolupracovat
ochotný spolupracovat
kreativní, tvůrčí, tvořivý
krize
dominovat, ovládat, vládnout, být pánem něčeho
fórum, jednání či setkání určené k výměně názorů
sylabus či jiný písemný materiál rozdávaný posluchačům přednášejícím
put into action
communicate and work together
a container on a desk for letters and documents to be dealt with
later
the activity of keeping a building or machinery in good condition
realizovat, uskutečnit, uvést do praxe
vzájemně na sebe působit, vzájemně se ovlivňovat
přihrádka, košíček na došlou poštu
the aim or purpose of doing something
something you plan to achieve
not the same as anything else and therefore special and
interesting
a person who takes part or gets involved in something (e.g. a
training course)
cíl
cíl
originální
údržba
účastník
69
review
v
consider something in order to decide if changes should be made
přezkoumat, zrevidovat
66
T26
69
stand for
talented
wisdom
v
adj
n
be an abbreviation of or symbol for
having a natural ability to be good at something
the ability to use your knowledge and experience to make good
judgements
znamenat, symbolizovat (např. o zkratce)
talentovaný
moudrost
UNIT 16
73
72
73
73
72
73
close a deal
courteous
deal
demanding
desalination
etiquette
v
adj
n
adj
n
n
finalise a business agreement
polite and respectful
a business agreement
needing a lot of time, attention or energy
the process of removing salt from sea water
the usual rules of polite behaviour in a certain social situation
uzavřít obchodní dohodu, smlouvu
zdvořilý, ochotný
obchodní dohoda, smlouva
náročný
odsolování
etiketa, zásady společenského chování
72
73
72
72
72
extend
get down to
impressed
in due course
irrigation
v
v
adj
adv
n
offer or give
begin to do or give serious attention to
feeling admiration for something
at a suitable time in the future
the process of supplying land with water so that plants can grow
rozšířit, prodloužit , zde předat
pustit se do něčeho, přikročit k něčemu
stav, kdy na člověka něco učiní dojem; pociťující obdiv k něčemu
v příhodnou dobu, až přijde pravý čas
zavlažování
72
machinery
n
stroje, strojní zařízení
73
70
outing
speciality
n
n
a group of large machines or the parts of a machine which make it
work
a short trip taken for pleasure
a product for which a person, region or restaurant is famous
výlet
specialita
UNIT 17
70
74
account for
v
bar chart (also bar graph) n
75
75
76
fluctuate
fluctuation
gross domestic product
(GDP)
v
n
n
75
level off
v
supply or make up (a certain amount)
a diagram in which different amounts are represented by
rectangles of different length
rise and fall irregularly in number or amount
an irregular rise and fall in number or amount
the total value of goods and services which are produced within a
country
činit (s číselným údajem)
sloupcový graf
stop rising or falling and stay at the same level
ustálit se, zůstávat na stejné výši, neklesat ani nestoupat
kolísat
kolísání
hrubý domácí produkt (HDP)
74
line graph
n
a diagram in which changes in amount over time are represented
by a line
lineární graf, čárový graf
T28
make inroads
v
start to have a noticeable effect
začít něco výrazně ovlivňovat, zasáhnout do něčeho, proniknout někam
T28
77
77
75
74
make up
negligible
overtake
peak
pie chart
v
adj
v
n
n
compose or form
too small in number to be important
become a greater amount (than something else)
the highest point or value of something
a circle divided into parts that shows the way in which something
(e.g. population or amount of money) is divided up
tvořit
zanedbatelný
předstihnout, předčít
vrchol
kruhový graf, "koláč"
75
75
recover
recovery
v
n
improve after a period of weakness or low value
the process of improving after a period of weakness or low value
vzpamatovat se, vzchopit se
vzpamatování se, vzchopení se
77
static
adj
neměnný, stabilní
74
trend
n
staying at the same value without changing for a long period of
time
a general direction in which something is developing or changing
trend, tendence
76
unemployment rate
n
the percentage of the working population who do not have a job
míra nezaměstnanosti
koupě jedné firmy jinou, nabytí, získání
montáž
UNIT 18
T29
79
acquisition
assembly
n
n
78
bankrupt
adj
the purchase of one company by another
the process of putting together parts (e.g. of a machine, product or
structure)
unable in law to pay debts and therefore forced to stop operating
78
80
80
81
78
79
break even
capital
capital employed
cashflow
chase payment
component
v
n
n
n
v
n
have neither profit nor loss at the end of a business activity
money used to invest, lend or borrow
the money that a business invests back into the company
the amount of money moving into and out of a business
try to make a person pay the money that they owe
a part which combines with other parts to form something bigger
být v rovnováze (mít stejně vysoké náklady jako příjmy)
kapitál
použitý kapitál, čistá aktiva
hotovostní tok
vymáhat dlužné částky
složka, komponent
78
78
cover costs
creditor
v
n
make enough money to pay for expenses
a person or organisation that a company owes money to
pokrýt náklady
věřitel
bankrot, krach
90
curriculum vitae
n
a written description of a person’s qualifications and previous
employment
životopis
78
81
debtor
deficit
n
n
dlužník
deficit, schodek
78
78
gross
liquidation
adj
n
78
78
78
net
operating profit
overheads
adj
n
n
78
78
80
overspend
pay off
pre-tax return
v
v
n
T29
90
T29
78
81
profitability
résumé (US)
return
revenue
subsidiary
n
n
n
n
n
a person or organisation that owes money to a company
the amount of money that a business has lost in a particular
period of time
total, before any costs or taxes are deducted
the situation when a company closes because of financial
difficulties and its assets are sold to pay its debts
remaining after deduction of tax and other costs
the profit that a company makes from its usual activity
the regular costs which are involved in running a business (e.g.
rent or electricity)
spend more than was originally planned
pay back the full amount
the money that a company earns from something before tax is
deducted
the state of producing a profit
see curriculum vitae
a profit from an investment
an organisation’s income or the money it receives
one company which is owned or more than 50% owned by another
18
takeover
n
78
write off a debt
v
the action of taking control of one company by another after
purchasing a majority of shares
cancel the record of a bad debt
hrubý (ve finančním slova smyslu)
likvidace (firmy)
čistý (ve finančním slova smyslu)
provozní zisk
provozní náklady, režie, režijní náklady
přespříliš utrácet, překračovat rozpočet ve výdajích
vyrovnat účet, splatit dluh
výnos/výtěžek před zdaněním
ziskovost
životopis
výnos, výtěžek
příjem, tržba
přidružená společnost (společnost, kterou z více než 50 % vlastní jiná
společnost)
kontrola/převzetí/získání jedné firmy jinou
odepsat/škrtnout dluh
UNIT 19
83
83
bear market
bond
n
n
a financial market where prices are falling
a certificate issued by a government or public company which
promises to repay money at a fixed rate of interest at a specified
time
finanční trh, kde klesají ceny akcií; "medvědí" trh
obligace
82
85
broker
building society
n
n
burzovní makléř
stavební spořitelna
83
82
bull market
commission
n
n
a person who buys and sells shares for others
a financial organisation that pays interest on member’s savings
and lends money for the purchase of property
a financial market where prices are rising
an amount of money paid to an agent for arranging a sale or
purchase
finanční trh, kde stoupají ceny akcií; "býčí" trh
provize
83
commodity
n
a substance or agricultural product that can be bought or sold in
large amounts
druh zboží (které lze nakupovat a prodávat ve velkém), komodita
82
dividend
n
the part of a company’s profits which is divided between its
shareholders
dividenda
83
dividend yield
n
dividendový výnos
84
83
83
downturn
equities
float
n
n
v
the amount of profit paid to shareholders, calculated as a
percentage of the current share price
a reduction in business activity
stocks and shares which pay no fixed amount of interest
sell shares of a company on the stock market for the first time
83
flotation
n
84
84
outperform
portfolio
v
n
85
84
82
83
racecourse
sector
shareholder
stake
n
n
n
n
82
stock exchange
n
82
stock
n
the process of offering shares of a company for sale to the public
for the first time
perform better than another
a collection of investments; all the products and services offered
by a business
a ground or track for horse or dog racing
a distinct part of the economy
a person who owns shares in a company
a share or interest in a company
pokles, pohyb (cen apod.) směrem dolů
kmenové akcie
uvést do oběhu/na trh (akcie)
uvedení akcií do oběhu/na trh
podat lepší výkon/výsledky než někdo jiný, předčít
portfolio, soubor investic patřících témuž investorovi; veškeré výrobky a
služby nabízené určitou firmou
dostihová dráha
sektor, část ekonomiky
akcionář
částka v sázce (peníze riskované v určitém podnikání), majetkový podíl
the place where stocks and shares in companies are bought and
sold
shares, or a certain number of shares
burza (akciová)
something valuable belonging to a business (e.g. machinery)
which could be used for the payment of debts
a private investor who provides money for new businesses
a document giving details of a company’s expected sales, costs
and future financial planning
a large company or group of companies which acts as a single
organisation and is recognised as such in law
control and organisation of information held on computer
databases
a person who starts up their own business, especially one which
involves risk
arrive in large numbers
aktivum, jmění, majetek
akcie
UNIT 20
86
asset
n
86
87
business angel
business plan
n
n
89
corporation
n
88
data management
n
86
entrepreneur
n
89
flood
v
soukromý investor, který poskytuje peníze novým firmám; financiér
podnikatelský záměr/ plán
společnost, firma, korporace; v USA (obvykle velká) akciová společnost
správa dat
podnikatel, zejména začínající
zaplavit
88
86
88
format
loan
merger
n
n
n
88
88
monitor
pump money into
v
v
87
88
108
T31
86
raise money
relocation
resign
savings
secure a loan
v
n
v
pl n
v
collect money
the process of moving to a new place
leave a job because you want to
money kept in a bank to use later
make certain that money which is lent will be paid back by giving
the lender the right to own an asset (e.g. the house) of the
borrower, if the money is not paid back
získat/opatřit/dát dohromady peníze
přemístění, přestěhování
rezignovat (na funkci), odstoupit
úspory
zaručit půjčku (např. zastavením majetku)
108
shelf life
n
skladovatelnost, trvanlivost zboží
88
tap into
v
the length of time that a product, especially food, can be kept in a
shop before it becomes too old to sell
make use of something, especially people’s interest or ability
108
venture capitalist
n
a person who makes money available for investment in a new
company, especially a risky one
člověk ochotný investovat kapitál do nového, zejména rizikového podniku
či podnikání
a person who applies for something, especially a job
officially choose a person for a job
a person who applies for a job
making you feel happy and satisfied
attract attention to
a person who is looking for a job
a short description of a person which gives only the most
important details
the process of finding new people to work for a company
a business that makes its money by finding suitable people for
employers who need new workers
a person who confirms in writing an applicant’s character or ability
žadatel, uchazeč o pracovní místo
jmenovat
kandidát
přinášející uspokojení, naplňující
zvýraznit, zdůraznit
osoba hledající zaměstnání; uchazeč/zájemce o zaměstnání
osobní/osobnostní profil člověka
a letter from a previous employer or teacher to confirm a person’s
ability or reliability
dobrozdání, reference
the way in which information is arranged and stored
the act of lending something, or the money which is lent
the process when two or more companies join together to form a
larger company
watch and check for a period of time
spend a lot of money on something to try to make it successful
formát
půjčka
fúze
monitorovat
vkládat hodně peněz do něčeho (ve snaze zajistit tomu úspěch)
využívat něčeho, čerpat z něčeho
UNIT 21
91
92
91
93
91
91
91
applicant
appoint
candidate
fulfilling
highlight
jobseeker
profile
n
v
n
adj
v
n
n
92
92
recruitment
recruitment agency
n
n
90
referee
n
91
reference
n
nábor, získávání pracovníků
náborová agentura
osoba, která může poskytnout reference; garant, ručitel
92
shortlist
v
put a person on a list of candidates from which a final choice is
made
užší seznam kandidátů
92
93
turn down
vacancy
v
n
odmítnout, zamítnout
volné pracovní místo
92
voluntary
adj
reject or refuse
a job that no one is doing (and therefore available for a new
person to do)
done willingly, without being paid for it
sdělit/přinést špatnou, nepříjemnou zprávu
propustit, dát výpověď (zejm. za určitý prohřešek)
podat výpověď
zaměstnat, přijmout
uchazeč o zaměstnání, který se účastní pohovoru
osoba, která vede pohovor s uchazečem o zaměstnání
dobrovolný
UNIT 22
96
break the news
v
95
96
computer-literate
credit checking
adj
n
97
discrimination
n
95
dismiss
n
95
95
95
95
94
fire
hand in your notice
hire
interviewee
interviewer
v
v
v
n
n
tell a person about something unpleasant which will affect or upset
them
having knowledge of how to use and work with computers
the activity of looking at a person’s record of repaying loans and
advising whether or not to give them a new loan
the act or system of treating different groups of people in different
ways, especially unfairly
remove from a job, especially when a person has done something
wrong
see dismiss
tell your employer that you intend to leave your job
employ a person to do a particular job
the candidate during an interview
the person who asks the candidate questions during an interview
97
job security
n
the situation of having a job which is likely to be permanent.
jistota zaměstnání, pracovní jistota
95
lay off
v
propustit z práce (často jen dočasně) pro nadbytečnost
95
make someone
redundant
v
stop employing a worker temporarily or permanently because
there is not enough work
stop employing a person because there is no longer enough work
for them, or because the company cannot afford to continue
employing them
94
promotion
n
96
95
pull funding
quit
v
v
the situation when a person is raised to a higher or more important
position in their work
stop giving money for something
leave
95
50
redundant
sack
adj
v
no longer employed because there is not enough work
see dismiss
počítačově gramotný; ovládající základy práce na počítači
prověřování a hodnocení žadatelů o úvěr
diskriminace
propustit, dát výpověď (zejm. za určitý prohřešek)
propustit z práce pro nadbytečnost
povýšení
zastavit financování
odejít (např. z firmy, ze zaměstnání), opustit (např. své pracovní místo),
rezignovat (na funkci)
nadbytečný
propustit, dát výpověď (zejm. za určitý prohřešek)
96
T32
sell off
stereotype
v
n
get rid of something by selling it cheaply
a fixed idea, especially one that is wrong, that people have about a
type of person or thing
a person who measures and records the details of areas of land or
a person who is trained to examine buildings and discover if there
are any problems with the structure
rozprodávat něco, prodávat pod cenu
stereotyp, stereotypní představa
T32
surveyor
n
89
venture
n
a new business activity which involves risk or uncertainty
nový podnik/podnikání, zejména riskantní
zeměměřič, statik
UNIT 23
T33
101
anonymous
appraisal
adj
n
without the writer’s name on it
a meeting between an employee and their manager to discuss the
employee’s progress, aims and needs at work, or the report which
summarises this meeting
anonymní
posouzení, zhodnocení (většinou výroční pohovor vedoucího pracovníka
se zaměstnancem)
T33
101
99
appraisee
appraiser
balance sheet
n
n
n
účastník pohovoru - viz appraisal
vedoucí pohovoru - viz appraisal
bilance, účetní rozvaha
101
compromise
n
100
99
corporate rate
credibility
n
n
the employee who is receiving the appraisal
the manager who gives the appraisal
a document which shows a company’s financial position, i.e. its
wealth, assets and debts, at a particular time
ending an argument or difference of opinion by each side agreeing
to some of the demands of the other
a special price offered to companies
a person’s ability to make other people believe and trust them
100
T33
expertise
eye-opener
n
n
99
follow-up
adj
99
income statement
n
100
101
motivation
on the ball
n
adj
98
refresher course
n
99
101
revolutionise
stalemate
v
n
a high level of knowledge or skill
something that surprises you and teaches you new facts about
people or life
thing done or action taken to continue something done before
a statement showing the amount of money earned and spent by a
company in a particular period of time
enthusiasm
showing up-to-date knowledge and/or an ability to think and act
quickly
a training course to bring a person’s knowledge up to date,
especially knowledge needed for a job
completely change something so that it is much better
a situation where neither side in an argument can win and no
action can be aken
kompromis
cena pro firmy
důvěryhodnost
odborné znalosti
informace, která člověku otevírá oči
následný
výsledovka, účet hospodářského výsledku
motivace
schopný, obratný, šikovný; zasvěcený, znalý nejnovějšího stavu věcí
doplňovací, opakovací kurz; školení mající za cíl aktualizaci vědomostí či
dovedností
provést revoluci, něco zcela změnit
slepá ulička, uváznutí na mrtvém bodě
98
trainee
n
a person who is being taught certain skills for a job
učeň
UNIT 24
105
absentee
n
a person who is not at work when they should be
absentér, osoba nepřítomná v práci (v době, kdy by přítomná být měla)
104
absenteeism
n
the problem of employees not being at work when they should be
absentérství, nepřítomnost v práci
104
audit
n
audit, kontrola/revize (obv. účetnictví)
105
counselling
n
103
email overload
an official examination of something by an expert, usually the
accounts of a business
the process of listening to a person and giving them professional
advice about their problems
the situation when you receive more emails than you can manage
103
105
103
folder
goal
icon
n
n
n
103
103
104
open question
overload
sick leave
n
n
n
105
sick pay
n
104
spreadsheet
n
103
voting buttons
n
© Cambridge University Press 2006
a collection of files kept together on a computer
an aim or purpose
a small picture or symbol on a computer screen which the user
can click on with the mouse
a question to which the answer is not just ‘yes’ or ‘no’
too much of something
the length of time that an employee is allowed to be absent from
work because of illness and still receive pay
the money that an employer pays to a person who is absent from
work because of illness
a computer programme for doing financial calculations and plans
an email system where a group of people are asked the same
question which they answer by clicking a button with their chosen
reply
poradenství
přetížení e-maily
adresář (v počítači)
cíl
ikona (počítačová)
otázka bez jednoznačné či snadné odpovědi
přetížení, příliš velké množství něčeho
nepřítomnost v práci ze zdravotních důvodů, pracovní neschopnost
nemocenská, dávky nemocenského pojištění
tabulkový procesor, tabulkový kalkulátor (počítačový program)
e-mailový systém umožňující skupině lidí hlasovat či odpovídat na otázky
(prostřednictvím stisknutí tlačítka s odpovědí)

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