Stáhnout aktuální číslo Valašského chemika.

Komentáře

Transkript

Stáhnout aktuální číslo Valašského chemika.
1 2 9 , 1 < = $ 0 ą 6 7 1 $ 1 & Đ 6 3 2 / ( ÿ 1 2 6 7 , 52ÿ1Ì.;/9,,,/,6723$'
9$/$â6.é&+(0,.
9é8.$%,2/2*,(
9-$6(1,&.e0/208
1HYãHGQtYêXNXELRORJLH
DRFKUDQ\SĜtURG\DEVROYRYDOL
åiFL]iNODGQtãNRO\Y/HãQp
VWUDQD 6(=21$
$$87202%,/29é
63257=$0ċ671$1&ģ
'(=<
&+&(0()81*29$71$
,17(51(78,97(/(9,=,
5R]KRYRUVJHQHUiOQtPĜHGLWHOHP
KXGHEQtVWDQLFHÏþNRâWČSiQHP
:ROGHP
3RYtGiQt3HWUD0DUWtQNDRUDOO\
VWUDQD VWUDQD +ODYQtWpPD'(=$
$1.(7$
OLVWRSDG±GHQSRH]LH
0iWHUiGDEiVQČ"
9HURQLND
3DVWUQNRYi
WLVNRYp
VWĜHGLVNR
3RH]LLPiPUiGDXåRGãNRO\DOHGQHV
PLQDQLQH]EêYiWROLNþDVX6H]iEDY
QRXSRH]LtVHKRGQČVHWNiYiPQDQDUR
]HQLQRYêFKRVODYiFK/tEtVHPLPHOR
GLþQRVWDEDUHYQRVWVORY3RH]LHUR]YtMt
ĜHþDGČWVNRXIDQWD]LL6GFHURXVLUiG\
þWHPHEiVQLþN\GRãNRO\1ČNG\VLL]D
UêPXMHPHDGREĜHVHSĜLWRPSREDYtPH
/HWRVVHXVNXWHþQLODDNFH6YČWRYêGHQ
SRH]LH DQHE ]DSODĢ NiYX EiVQt =DSR
MLORVHNDYiUHQUHVWDXUDFtDEDUĤ
] FHOp UHSXEOLN\ 7R VH PL MHYt MDNR
GREUêQiSDGMDNVLXåtWFKYLONXSRH]LH
XNiY\
- D N ' ( = $ K R V S R G D Ĝ L O D V Y R G R X Y R E G R E t V X F K D
/pWREXGLåSRFKYiOHQRSUDYLONODVLN,WROHWRãQt"±SWiVH]HPČGČOHFKDVLþYRGiNYRGRKRVSRGiĜ-HQYêUREFHQi
SRMĤ]PU]OLQ\VOXQHþQtNĤDNOLPDWL]DþQtFKMHGQRWHNVHUDGXMH3URþ"/HWRãQtOpWRE\ORWRWLåQHRE\þHMQČWHSOpDVXFKp
9H9DODãVNpP0H]LĜtþtE\ORRSUi]GQLQiFK]D]QDPHQiQRFHONHPWURSLFNêFKGQĤWHG\GQĤNG\PD[LPiOQtWHSORWD
Y]GXFKXE\ODY\ããtQHåÛ&3URGDQpGQ\E\ORSĜHNRQiQRFHONHPUHNRUGĤ9VUSQXNRQNUpWQČE\ODYH
9DODãVNpP0H]LĜtþtQDPČĜHQDQHMY\ããtWHSORWDÛ&þtPåE\OY\URYQiQUHNRUG]]iĜt$SĜLWRPWpPČĜQH
SUãHOR/HWRVVSDGORGRNRQFH]iĜtMHQPPVUiåHN9]KOHGHPNWRPXåHQHMPHQãtURþQt~KUQVUiåHNYURFH
þLQLOPPMHSĜHGSRNODGåHOHWRãQtURNEXGHQHMVXããtYKLVWRULLPČĜHQtRGURNXYH9DODãVNpP0H]LĜtþt
-DNVHVWRXWRVLWXDFtY\URYQDO\YêUREQtSRGQLN\NWHUp
YRGXSRWĜHEXMtSURVYRMLYêUREQtþLQQRVW"$FR'(=$DV
QHMYČWãt¿UPDYH9DODãVNpP0H]LĜtþtMDNWDWR]YOiGOD"Ä/H
WRãQtQDGPtUXWHSOpDQDVUiåN\YHOPLFKXGpOpWRE\OR]SRKOH
GX]DMLãWČQtGRGiYHNYRG\YHOPLQiURþQp³XYHGO,QJ.DUHO
2QGHUND YHGRXFt SURYR]X YRGQt KRVSRGiĜVWYt '(=$ D V
DGRGDOÄ1DãLVSRWĜHEXYRG\]DEH]SHþXMHPH]YČWãtþiVWLSUi
YČRGEČUHPYRG\]%HþY\3RYUFKRYpYRG\VORXåtNYêUREČ
XSUDYHQpYRG\SURYêUREXWHFKQRORJLFNpSiU\DNGRSOĖRYi
QtXåLWNRYpYRG\'DOãtP]GURMHPXåLWNRYêFKYRGMVRXYRG\
]GHãĢRYpODJXQ\GRNWHUpMVRXVYHGHQ\]DFK\FHQpGHãĢRYp
VUiåN\DYUDWQiYRGD]SURYR]Ĥ3URSĜtSDGNG\VSUiYFHWRNX
QHERYRGRSUiYQt~ĜDGY\KOiVtREGREtVXFKDPi'(=$DV
]SUDFRYiQX SRGQLNRYRX VPČUQLFL NWHUi SĜHVQČ SRSLVXMH FR
MHSRWĜHEDXGČODWQD~URYQLMHGQRWOLYêFK~WYDUĤDE\GRãORNH
VQtåHQtVSRWĜHE\YRG\³
WHFKQRORJLtGRSURYR]XDOHLĜDGRXGDOãtFKGtOþtFKRSDWĜHQt
YHGRXFtFK N GRVDåHQt SĜLMDWHOQp QiURþQRVWL VSRWĜHE\ YRG\³
REMDVQLO YêUREQt ĜHGLWHO,QJ 3DYHO 3XVWČMRYVNê MDN'H]D
SĜHNRQDODOHWRãQtREGREtVXFKD
0DUFHO
&DMVEHUJHU
SURYR]Qt
~GUåED
QDIWDOHQ
3RH]LH MH SUR PČ QHVNXWHþQČ LQVSLUX
MtFt D GRGiYi PL YQLWĜQt SRKRGX NWHUi
MH SUR PČ KRGQČ GĤOHåLWi SĜL WYRUEČ
QRYêFKStVQtRE]YOiãĢWHćQDSRG]LP
NG\åYãHFKQRKUDMHEDUYDPL
-RVHI9\EtUDO
27.
'H]DVHVWHMQČMDNRYSĜtSDGČFKHPLFNêFKYêUREPXVtLSĜL
RGEČUX YRG\ ] ĜHN\ %HþY\ĜtGLWSRGPtQNDPL NWHUpMVRX
VWDQRYHQ\ Y LQWHJURYDQpP SRYROHQt =GH MH XYHGHQR åH
YPtVWČRGEČUXYRG\]ĜHN\MHVWDQRYHQPLQLPiOQt]ĤVWDWNRYê
SUĤWRN9SĜtSDGČVQtåHQpKRSUĤWRNXYĜHFH%HþYČMHRGEČU
SRYUFKRYpYRG\RPH]HQSĜtSDGQČ]DVWDYHQ3UDFRYQtFLYRG
QtKRKRVSRGiĜVWYtGĤVOHGQČWHQWRSUĤWRNNRQWUROXMtDURYQČå
RYČĜXMtYPtVWČRGEČUXVNXWHþQêVWDYKODGLQ\9êYRMK\GUROR
JLFNpVLWXDFHMHY\KRGQRFRYiQQDPČĜtFtFKERGHFK9VHWtQVNi
%HþYDORNDOLWD-DUFRYiD5RåQRYVNi%HþYDORNDOLWD9DODã
VNp0H]LĜtþt2EČPČĜHQtMVRXGRVWXSQiQDSRUWiOHýHVNpKR
K\GURPHWHRURORJLFNpKR~VWDYXQHERQDZHERYêFKVWUiQNiFK
VSUiYFHWRNXDSRYRGt
$.78$/,7 <
$NWXDOLW\ QD ~VHNX RFKUDQ\ åL
YRWQtKR SURVWĜHGt D Ĝt]HQt NYDOLW\
±ĜtMHQ
'QHĜtMQDSUREČKORSĜH]NRX
PiQt SOQČQt ]iYD]QêFK SRGPtQHN
LQWHJURYDQpKR SRYROHQt SUR SURYR]
HQHUJHWLND '(=$ DV 3ĜH]NRXPiQt
SURYHGOL SUDFRYQtFL .UDMVNpKR ~ĜDGX
=OtQVNpKR NUDMH 9 UiPFL SĜH]NXPX
QHE\OR ]MLãWČQR SRUXãHQt SRGPtQHN
LQWHJURYDQpKR SRYROHQt D ]iNRQD
RLQWHJURYDQpSUHYHQFL
9H GQHFK Då ĜtMQD ~VSČãQČ
SUREČKO UHFHUWL¿NDþQt DXGLW V\VWpPX
Ĝt]HQt NYDOLW\ D SDUDOHOQČ L V\VWpPX
Ĝt]HQt åLYRWQtKR SURVWĜHGt =MLãWČQi
QHVKRGD±FK\EČMtFtKRGQRFHQtGRGD
YDWHOĤPDWHULiOXSURKODYQtVNODG±MLå
E\ODRGVWUDQČQD1iVOHGQČEXGRXY\
GiQ\ RED QRYp FHUWL¿NiW\ V SODWQRVWt
SURREGREtGDOãtFKWĜtOHW
'QH ĜtMQD SUREČKOD SUYQt þiVW
NRQWURO\ GRGUåRYiQt SRGPtQHN LQ
WHJURYDQpKR SRYROHQt SUR Ä6RXERU
FKHPLFNêFKYêURE³'(=$DV.RQ
WUROXSURYHGOLLQVSHNWRĜLý,ä3±,QJ
9ODGLPtU9ROþtND,QJHW,QJ2QGĜHM
6NRED.RQWURODE\ODGRNRQþHQDGQH
OLVWRSDGX 1HE\OL ]MLãWČQ\ åiGQp
QHGRVWDWN\
51'U2.XEČQD
=iVWXSFH 26 9DODãL QD QiYãWČYČ
Y'H]H
'QH ĜtMQD QDYãWtYLO 'H]X ]iVWXSFH
26 9DODãL ,QJ -DURPtU 0LFKDO 6HWNi
QtVH]D'H]X]~þDVWQLOLWLVNRYêPOXYþt
,QJ -DURVODY 2EHUPDMHU 3K' D YH
GRXFt RGERUX ,62 D åLYRWQtKR SUR
VWĜHGt 51'U 2OGĜLFK .XEČQD D GiOH
SĜHGVHGD YêERUX ]DVWXSLWHOVWYD PČVWD
9DODãVNp 0H]LĜtþt SUR åLYRWQt SURVWĜHGt
09'U -DUPLO 'REHã &tOHP VFKĤ]N\
E\OR LQIRUPRYDW ]iVWXSFH REþDQVNpKR
VGUXåHQt R VRXþDVQêFK HNRORJLFNêFK
LQYHVWLFtFK'H]\'LVNXWRYiQ\E\O\Wpå
PRåQRVWLGDOãtVSROXSUiFH'H]\QDSUR
MHNWHFKPČVWD
/DEXĢQDODJXQČ
9H þWYUWHN ĜtMQD QDOH]OD SUDFRYQL
FH 'H]\ X SORWX ODJXQ\ YH /KRWFH QDG
%HþYRXODEXĢNWHUiQHPRKODY]OpWQRXW
3URWRE\ODSĜLYROiQDSRPRF]H=iFKUDQ
Qp VWDQLFH ý623 Y %DUWRãRYLFtFK 2G
ERUQêSUDFRYQtNODEXĢRGFK\WLODRGYH]O
QD VWDQLFL NGH E\OD Y\ãHWĜHQD 3URWRåH
QHPČODåiGQp]UDQČQtE\ODY]iSČWtY\
SXãWČQD]SČWGRYROQpSĜtURG\
3RH]LL MVHP þHWO QDSRVOHG QD VWĜHGQt
ãNROHMDNRSRYLQQRXþHWEX
,QJ%RKXPLO
6RWRUQtN
2UJDQLN
2WURNRYLFH
3RH]LHMHWDþiVWOLWHUDWXU\NWHUiPČ
RVREQČQLNG\PRFQHRVORYRYDOD1H
EêWãNROQtGRFKi]N\NGHE\OþORYČN
QXFHQ XþLW VH EiVQLþN\ D WtP L SR
]QiYDWFRWRYODVWQČSRH]LHMHE\FK
VHNSRH]LLDVLQLNG\QHGRVWDOVQDG
V MHGLQRX YêMLPNRX D WRX E\O\ QČ
NWHUp VRQHW\ RG 0LFKHODQJHOD %XR
QDURWWLKR
Ä$E\E\O]DFKRYiQFKRGDSURYR]¿UP\PXVHODEêWSĜL
MDWD QH]E\WQi RSDWĜHQt NWHUi XPRåQLOD EH]SUREOpPRYp
SURMHWtVXFKpKRREGREtEH]SRåDGDYNXQD]YêãHQRXVSRWĜH
EXYRG\7RKRE\ORGRVDåHQRMHGQDNSOiQRYDQRXGORXKRGR
ERX WHFKQRORJLFNRX RGVWiYNRX SURYR]X EHQ]RO SRVWXSQêP
QDMtåGČQtPRVWDWQtFKYêUREQtFKSURYR]ĤSRSUDYLGHOQpHQHU
JHWLFNp]DUiåFHSRVXQXWtPJDUDQþQtFKWHVWĤQRYČXYiGČQêFK
.SĜHNOHQXWtH[WUpPQtKRVXFKDSRPRKO\LRMHGLQČOHVHY\
VN\WXMtFtORNiOQtERXĜN\QDKRUQtPWRNX%HþY\NWHUpQDNUiW
NRX GREX ]YHGO\ SUĤWRN\ YRG D PRåQRVW DNXPXODFHYRG GR
]GUåtDODJXQ3RNXGE\YãDNOHWRãQtH[WUpPQtVXFKRSRNUD
þRYDOR E\OD 'H]D SĜLSUDYHQD QČNWHUp SURYR]\ Yê]QDPQêP
]SĤVREHPRPH]LWQHERRGVWDYLW9]KOHGHPNWRPXåHOHWRã
Qt VXFKp REGREt VH PĤåH RSDNRYDW L Y QiVOHGXMtFtFK OHWHFK
E\ODSĜLMDWDWHFKQLFNiĜHãHQtLRSDWĜHQtLQYHVWLþQtKRUi]X
VSRþtYDMtFtYUR]ãtĜHQtDY\EXGRYiQtQRYêFKODJXQ7D]DMLVWt
DE\QHE\OD'H]DGORXKRGREČ]iYLVOiQDUR]PDUHFKSRþDVt
DPRKODEH]SUREOpPĤ]DMLãĢRYDWGRGiYN\XåLWNRYpYRG\MDN
SURSRWĜHE\VYêFKFKHPLFNêFKSURYR]ĤWDNLHQHUJHWLNXNWH
UiY\UiEtWHSORSURFKHPLFNpYêURE\RNROQt¿UP\DGRPiF
QRVWLYH9DODãVNpP0H]LĜtþt
/pWR EXGLå SRFKYiOHQR QHERĢ 'H]D VLWXDFL GREĜH ]YOiGOD
DYEXGRXFQRVWLMLåQHEXGH]YČWãtþiVWL]iYLVOiQDRGEČUXYRG\
]ĜHN\%HþY\
0LULDP.DOOHURYi
6HWNiQtGĤFKRGFĤY2WURNRYLFtFK
-DNpE\OROHWRãQtVHWNiQtEêYDOêFK]D
PČVWQDQFĤ 2UJDQLNX 2WURNRYLFH VH ]i
VWXSFLYHGHQt'H]\"-DNRYåG\SĜtMHPQp
DYHVHOp1DãLGĜtYČMãtVSROXSUDFRYQtFLVH
VHãOLĜtMQDMLåWUDGLþQČY6HOVNpNUþPČ
QDQiPČVWtY2WURNRYLFtFK
9 Wp YiåQČMãt þL R¿FLiOQČMãt þiVWL VH
WNiQtSURPOXYLOL,QJ%RKXPtU6RWRUQtN
YHGRXFt2UJDQLNX2WURNRYLFH-LĜt7LFKê
EêYDOê GORXKROHWê SĜHGVHGD NOXEX RWUR
NRYLFNêFKGĤFKRGFĤ,QJ/DGLVODY+DL
NHUSHUVRQiOQtĜHGLWHOD0LFKDO6YiþHN
SĜHGVHGDRGERURYpRUJDQL]DFH
,QJ%RKXPtU6RWRUQtNQHMGĜtYHVH]Qi
PLO EêYDOp VSROXSUDFRYQtN\ VH VWDYHP
KRVSRGDĜHQt 'H]\ Y SRVOHGQtP URFH
3DNVHXåSRGUREQČ]DEêYDO2UJDQLNHP
R NWHUê VH YãLFKQL VWiOH åLYČ ]DMtPDMt
2UJDQLNQHQtYHONiSURYR]RYQDYãLFKQL
VH]QDOLDSURåLOLYQČPOHFNG\FHOêSUR
IHVQtåLYRW9VRXþDVQpGREČWXSUDFXMH
]DPČVWQDQFĤ,QJ6RWRUQtNSĜLEOtåLO
VLWXDFLYHYêUREČSRSWiYFHDSURGHMLHV
WHUĤLDQWKUDFKLQRQXSĜLSRPQČOYOLYOH
JLVODWLY\5($&+DLQIRUPRYDORLQYHV
WLþQtFKDNFtFKY2UJDQLNX9ãLFKQLYHOPL
RFHQLOL RSUDYX MtGHOQ\ Ä%ČKHP SRVOHG
QtFK ± OHW VH DUHiO KRGQČ ]OHSãLO
SRNUDþRYiQtQDVWU
,QYHQWXU\YHVNODGHFK]iVRERYiQt
9WêGQXRGGROLVWRSDGXEXGRX
SUREtKDWLQYHQWXU\YKODYQtFKVNODGHFK
9êGHMPDWHULiOX]HVNODGĤKXWQtKRPDWH
ULiOXDVNODGXUHåLMQtKRPDWHULiOXD1'
EXGHPRåQêMHQYQXWQêFKSĜtSDGHFK
9êGHMPDWHULiOX]HVNODGXKXWQtKRPD
WHULiOX EXGH þiVWHþQČ RPH]HQ L Y SUY
QtP SURVLQFRYpP WêGQX NG\ VH EXGH
GRNRQþRYDWRSUDYDKODYQtKRMHĜiEX
9 RVWDWQtFK VNODGHFK ± WHFKQLFNêFK
SO\QĤ QDIW\ PD]LY D KRĜODYLQ QHEXGH
YêGHMYGREČLQYHQWXURPH]HQ
5DGLP3ĜLNU\O
6UQDYPĜtåL
3VRYRG ¿UP\ ,32 QDãHO SĜL NRQWUROQt
SRFKĤ]FHOLVWRSDGXUiQRVUQX]DNOt
QČQRX Y SRWRþQt PĜtåL -DVHQLFH 'LV
SHþHU]iYRGXNRQWDNWRYDOKDVLþHNWHĜt
PĜtåUR]WiKOLDVUQXXYROQLOL
8'È/267,
VWUDQD
6H]RQDDDXWRPRELORYêVSRUW]DPČVWQDQFĤ'H]\
3HWU0DUWtQHN]GHKWRYpD-LĜt%ODåHN]H]iVRERYiQtPDMtYHONpKRÄNRQČ³=iYRGtYDXWRPRELORYêFKVRXWČåtFKUDOO\DWR5DOO\
VSULQWVpULHYHVNXSLQČ6$DWĜtGČ9WRPWRURFHMHWRSUHPLHURYêVHULiOYHNWHUpPVRXWČåtYR]\VMHGQRXSRKiQČQRXQiSUDYRX
FRåMHYODVWQČREPČQČQiSRGREDPLVWURYVWYtý5YUDOO\$XWRPRELORYpPXVSRUWXSURSDGO3HWU0DUWtQHNMLåYPOiGtQDSURIHVL
RQiOQt~URYQLVHPXYČQXMHOHW-LĜt%ODåHN]iYRGtRGURNXVSĜHVWiYNDPLXåOHW2WRPMDNY\SDGDODOHWRãQt]iYRGQt
VH]RQDVHVþWHQiĜL9DODãVNpKRFKHPLNDSRGČOLO3HWU0DUWtQHN
6H]RQDYÄPDOpPPLVWURYVWYt³
ý5566UDOO\VSULQWVpULHVHQDãHPX
WêPX SRYHGOD QDG RþHNiYiQt YêERUQČ
MHOLNRå Y ORĖVNpP URFH ] GĤYRGX RG
VWRXSHQtNYĤOLWHFKQLFHMVPH]RGVWDU
WRYDQêFKSRGQLNĤRGMHOLMHQ
3R ]LPQt SDX]H NGH VH ÄVZLãWtN³
RGHEUDOQDGtOQXNFHONRYpUHSDVLMVPH
QDVWRXSLOLQDSUYQtSRGQLNVH]yQ\
9DODãVNRX UDOO\ 0DOLþNR QiP E\OR
OtWR åH MVPH RGMHOL MHQ SRORYLQX U\FK
ORVWQtFK ]NRXãHN ] GĤYRGX MHMLFK ]UX
ãHQtDWDNMVPHVHPRFQHVYH]OLDMHãWČ
NWRPXMVHPSRPpFK\EČPtUQČXSUD
YLOY]KOHGVYpKRVZLãWtND1LFPpQČLSR
WČFKWR SHULSHWLtFK MVPH Y\MHOL QD FtOR
YRXUDPSXDY\]iYRGLOLPtVWRYHVYp
WĜtGČ =iYRćiN RSČW SXWRYDO QD GtOQX
GR NRVPHWLFNpKR VDORQX DE\ E\O RSČW
SĜLSUDYHQ QD GDOãt SRGQLN D WR 5DOO\
9\ãNRY
=GH YãH WHQWRNUiW Y\FKi]HOR MDN SR
SRĜDGDWHOVNp VWUiQFH WDN L Mi MVHP QH
Y\URELO åiGQRX FK\EX D WDN MVPH VL
SĜLYH]OLVXSHUGUXKpPtVWRFRåMH]DWtP
PĤMQHMOHSãtYêVOHGHN]DYRODQWHPVRX
WČåQtKRYR]X
'DOãtSRGQLNãDPSLRQiWXE\OD5DOO\
3DþHMRY7HQQiãWêP]GĤYRGĤ¿QDQþ
QtFK D ORJLVWLFNêFK QHQDYãWtYLO D WDN
MVPH PČOL YtFH þDVX QD SĜtSUDYX ]i
YRćiNDQD5DOO\-HVHQtN\
7HQWR SRGQLN MVHP ]D YRODQWHP DE
VROYRYDO SRSUYp WXGtå MVHP N QČPX
SĜLVWXSRYDO V UHVSHNWHP D V REDYRX
MDNp EXGH SRþDVt SURWRåH WDWR UDOO\ MH
QHSĜt]QtSRþDVtY\KOiãHQi=UiQDWRQD
OHVQtFK ~VHFtFK WUDWL WURFKX NORX]DOR
FRåVHPLOtEtWUH¿OLMVPHVHGRYêEČ
UXVSUiYQpKRREXWtUiQRLSRFHOêGHQ
SQHXPDWLN\ IXQJRYDO\ GREĜH WDNåH
YWêPXDYDXWČSDQRYDODVSRNRMHQRVW
DWDNMVPHVHRSČWPRKOLWČãLW]SRKiUX
DVWXSĖĤYtWČ]VWYt]DPtVWR
3RVOHGQtP SRGQLNHP Y VHULiOX 556
D PêP SOiQRYDQêP E\OD SRG]LPQt
5DOO\9VHWtQ8åYSiWHNSĜLVH]QDPR
YDFtFKMt]GiFKYãHQDVYČGþRYDORWRPX
åH WDWR UDOO\ QHEXGH MHGQRGXFKi MHOL
NRåVHQDYDODãVNpWUDWČVQHVOSRG]LPQt
GpãĢ6RERWQtUiQRE\ORV\FKUDYpDWDN
MVHP]YROLOSQHXPDWLN\QDYRGXDWtP
åH MH RWHVWXMHPH MDN EXGRX IXQJRYDW
DSRGYRX5=U\FKORVWQtFK]NRXãNiFK
SĜtSDGQČSĜH]XMHPHYVHUYLVXQDY\KR
YXMtFtREXWt%RKXåHOSUYQt5=E\O\
2GHãHOSURI,QJ0LURVODY.DORþ&6F
9 SiWHN ĜtMQD VH V WtPWR VYČWHP
UR]ORXþLOQiKOHYHYČNXOHWYê]QDP
Qê þHVNê SDOLYiĜVNê FKHPLN D NRN
VRFKHPLN SURIHVRU 0LURVODY .DORþ
SUDFRYQtN9\VRNpãNRO\EiĖVNp7HFK
QLFNpXQLYHU]LW\2VWUDYD3URIHVRU.D
ORþSDWĜLOĜDGXGHVHWLOHWtNYê]QDPQêP
RGERUQtNĤPNWHĜtVHSRGtOHOLQDUR]YRML
SĜHGHYãtP NRNViUHQVNp SUREOHPDWLN\
Y ý5 %\O MHGQtP ] PiOD VSHFLDOLVWĤ
NWHĜt VH GORXKRGREČ SRGtOHOL SRUDGHQ
VNRX L NRQ]XOWDþQt þLQQRVWt QD UR]YRML
'H]\ D GHKWiUHQVNp SUREOHPDWLN\ QD
SĜtSUDYČ QRYêFK Y\VRNRãNROVN\ Y]GČ
ODQêFK SDOLYiĜVNêFK VSHFLDOLVWĤ L QD
YêEČUX DEVROYHQWĤ SUR QDãL DV -HKR
~PUWtP ]WUDWLOD þHVNi NRNVRFKHPLH
L'H]DþORYČNDNWHUêE\ORFKRWHQYåG\
SRUDGLW V QDGKOHGHP D RVRELWêP KX
PRUHP %XGHPH MHKR RVREQRVW YHOLFH
SRVWUiGDW
WDO
7,5Éæ
9$/$ä6.ë&+(0,.
Y\FKi]tMHGQRX
PęVtĀQę
2GSRYęGQiUHGDNWRUND
,QJ0LULDP.$//(529É
WHOĀ
HPDLOPNDOOHURYD#GH]DF]
5HGDNWRUND
5(63216,%/(&$5(
-DQD%$0%8&+29É
WHOĀ
HPDLOMEDPEXFKRYD#GH]DF]
)RWRJUDILH
UHGDNFHDUFKLY
$GUHVDUHGDNFH
9DODåVNìFKHPLN'(=$DV
0DVDU\NRYD.UiVQRQDG%HĀYRX
9DODåVNp0H]LĨtĀt
9\GDYDWHO
YHGHQt'(=$DV
0DVDU\NRYD.UiVQRQDG%HĀYRX
9DODåVNp0H]LĨtĀt
ZZZGH]DF]
,ÿ2
*UDILFNp]SUDFRYiQtDWLVN
&2/25$3ULQW+RXVH
0.ÿ5(
3ĨtåWtĀtVOR9$/$ä6.e+2&+(0,.$
Y\MGHY~WHUìSURVLQFH
X]iYęUNDEXGHSURVLQFH
6HWNiQtGĤFKRGFĤY2WURNRYLFtFK
'RNRQþHQt]WLWXOQtVWUDQ\
&HOêXåSDWĜt'H]HPQRKRYČFtVHSURWR
GiĜHãLWNRPSOH[QČ-HGQtP]SĜtNODGĤMH
~GUåED]HOHQČ³XYHGO,QJ6RWRUQtN
-LĜt7LFKêY\]YDOVYpNROHJ\DĢVHStãt
VYRMHY]SRPtQN\RY]QLNXDYêYRML%DĢR
YDORNDOLW\NGH2UJDQLNVWRMtQHERĢOLGp
RGFKi]HMtDVYČGHFWYtRGREČVH]WUiFt
3HUVRQiOQtĜHGLWHO,QJ/DGLVODY+DLNHU
VH ]DEêYDO EXGRXFQRVWt ± DVSHNW\ NWHUp
YêUREXDREFKRG'H]\RYOLYĖXMtDRSDW
ĜHQtPLNWHUiMHWĜHEDSURGDOãtGREUêFKRG
'H]\XGČODW
2 SUiFL RGERURYp RUJDQL]DFH R ]D
VWRXSHQt RGERUiĜĤ PH]L ]DPČVWQDQFL
R GREUpP D NRUHNWQtP Y]WDKX YUFKROR
YpKR YHGHQt D RGERUĤ KRYRĜLO SĜHGVHGD
9=226(&+2Y'H]H0LFKDO6YiþHN
Ä3ĜHMLYiPYãHPYãHFKQRGREUp%U]\
]DþtQiDGYHQWEXGRX9iQRFH3URåLMWHMH
Y NOLGX D UDGRVWL XSURVWĜHG VYêFK URGLQ
$SURWRåHVHQDMDĜHVHWNiQtQHNRQDOR
SĜLSUDYLOLMVPHSURYiVGiUHþN\QDSĜL
OHSãHQRX³XNRQþLO,QJ6RWRUQtNSUYQt
þiVWVHWNiQt
1DVWDODåLYi]iEDYD'iUN\GRWRPERO\
NWHUpVDPL~þDVWQtFLSĜLQHVOLVHQHYHãO\QD
VWĤO9ãLFKQLVHEDYLOL'iUN\QDãO\VYpQRYp
PDMLWHOH$YãLFKQLVHUR]FKi]HOLGRPĤVSR
FLWHPKH]N\SURåLWpKRRGSROHGQH
0LULDP.DOOHURYi
6HWNiQt]iVWXSFĤ¿UP\DRGERUĤVGĤFKRGFLY.HOþL
-LĜt%ODåHND3HWU0DUWtQHNSĜLSĜHEtUiQtFHQ\
]UXãHQ\DWDNMVPHQHPRKOL]MLVWLWMDN
VHFKRYDMtY]iYRGQtPWHPSX9VHUYL
VX MVHP VH UR]KRGO QHSĜH]RXYDW V WtP
åH Y OHVQtFK ~VHFtFK EXGH MHãWČ YRGD
-HQåHWUDĢRV\FKDODYHOPLU\FKOHWDNåH
WDWRYROEDVHXNi]DODMDNRYHOPLãSDWQi
DRGWRKRVHRGYtMHO\LþDV\QDU\FKORVW
QtFK]NRXãNiFK-HWRQDGUXKRXVWUDQX
]NXãHQRVWDSRXþHQtSURSĜtãWČ
-HOLNRå MVPH E\OL QD GRPiFt SĤGČ
FKWČOLMVPHGRMHWDGRNRQþLWVHULiOQDFt
ORYpUDPSČ=DSĜLVSČQtQDãLFKVRXSHĜĤ
D SĜL WURãH ãWČVWt MVPH RSČW Y\ERMRYDOL
VWXSQČYtWČ]ĤQDKH]NpPPtVWČ9FHO
NRYpP VRXþWX WRKRWR ãDPSLRQiWX MVPH
VH XPtVWLOL QD YHOPL SČNQpP GUXKpP
PtVWČFRåMHSURPČDQiãWêPREURYVNê
~VSČFKDRGPČQD]DVWRYN\KRGLQVWUi
YHQêFKSĜLSĜtSUDYČVRXWČåQtKRYR]X
=D W\WR YêVOHGN\ MVHP YHOPL UiG
D FKWČO E\FK SRGČNRYDW URGLQČ ]D SR
FKRSHQtDSRGSRUXPHFKDQLNĤP/XNi
ãRYL0LUNRYLD3HWURYL]DEH]FK\EQRX
SUiFL Y VHUYLVX$QHWČ D7HUH]H ]D SD
UiGQtSĜtSUDYXFDWHULQJXYãHPUHNODP
QtP SDUWQHUĤP D VSRQ]RUĤP D WDNp
UDOO\IDQFOXEX0ãWČQRYLFH]DSRGSRUX
D IDQGČQt QD NDåGp QDãt VRXWČåL -HãWČ
MH WX MHGQR YHONp SRGČNRYiQt PpPX
VSROXMH]GFL -LUNRYL %ODåNRYL ]D YåG\
VNYČORX QiODGX D EH]FK\EQê GLNWiW QD
YãHFK VRXWČåtFK MHOLNRå L Mi MVHP PČO
WXþHVWGYČVH]RQ\þtVWQRW\DYtPMDN
MH WDWR SUiFH Y ]iYRGQtP DXWČ L PLPR
QČMGĤOHåLWi%H]WČFKWROLGtE\VHWRKOH
QHGRNi]DOR
3HWU0DUWtQHN
9êXNDELRORJLHY-DVHQLFNpPORPX
1HYãHGQt Yê
XNX
ELRORJLH
D RFKUDQ\ SĜtURG\
DEVROYRYDOL SĜt
PR Y FKUiQČQpP
~]HPt Ä-DVHQLFNê
ORP³SĜLFHORGHQQt
DNFL YãLFKQL åiFL
]iNODGQt
ãNRO\
Y/HãQp3RVWXSQČ
MH]GHSĜLYH]O\þW\
ĜLDXWREXV\
9\WČåHQê ORP MH ]DWRSHQ SDWQiFWL
PHWU\YRG\]HVSRGQtKRYRGQtKR]GUR
MH7ČåED]GHE\OD]DVWDYHQDXåYURFH
2G Wp GRE\ ]GH Y]QLNOR YHOPL
FHQQp YRGQt VSROHþHQVWYR åLYRþLFKĤ
NWHUpPX GRPLQXMt SĜtVQČ FKUiQČQt UDFL
DãNHEOH2GERUQtFL]GHQDOH]OLL
QČNROLN Y]iFQêFK YRGQtFK PLN
URRUJDQL]PĤNWHUpYãDNPĤåHPH
VOHGRYDWMHQSRGPLNURVNRSHP
3ĜHG]DWRSHQtP]GHE\ORPRåQR
QDOp]W L QHMUĤ]QČMãt ]NDPHQČOLQ\
D FKUiQČQi MH L YHJHWDFH NROHP
ORPX NGH VH PLPR MLQp Y\VN\
WXMH QDSĜtNODG RUFKLGHM NUXãWtN
EDKHQQt äiGQp FKUiQČQp ~]HPt
Y RNUHVH 9VHWtQ QHSRåtYi WDN
PQRKRVWUDQQp D SHVWUp GĤYRG\
]iNRQQp RFKUDQ\ D SDWĜt SURWR
NQHMFHQQČMãtP
3RWiSČþL]NOXEX0HGĤ]DY\]YHGOL]H
9$/$â6.é&+(0,.
GQDãNHEOHDUDN\DK\GURELRORJ0LORã
+RO]HU Y RGERUQpP YêNODGX Y\VYČWOLO
YãHP ãNROiNĤP ]SĤVRE åLYRWD WČFKWR
Y]iFQêFK åLYRþLFKĤ L GDOãt RNROQRVWL
GĤYRGQpRFKUDQ\WpWRORNDOLW\'RGiYi
NWRPXÄ8åGORXKRMVHPQHPČOWDNSR
]RUQpDGLVFLSOLQRYDQpVWXGHQW\³3DYHO
3RERĜLO]PtVWQtRUJDQL]DFHNWHUiVSR
OHþQČ V RNUHVQtP YêERUHP ýHVNpKR
VYD]X RFKUiQFĤ SĜtURG\ DNFL SĜLSUDYL
OD]DSRGSRU\SRGQLNX'H]DGRGiYi
3ĜHYiåQiYČWãLQDGČWtYLGČODUDNDQHER
ãNHEOLSRSUYpYåLYRWČDPRKODVLQDQČ
L ViKQRXW -H WR GDOãt GĤND] XEêYiQt
NG\VLWDNEČåQêFKåLYRþLFKĤYQDãtSĜt
URGČDRGĤYRGYtFYSRGREQêFKDNFtFK
SRNUDþRYDWLYEXGRXFQX
ý6239DODãVNp0H]LĜtþt
9 SiWHN ĜtMQD VH NRQDOR VHWNiQt
VGĤFKRGFLPDWHĜVNpKR]iYRGX'(=$DV
9DODãVNp0H]LĜtþt
%êYDOtNROHJRYpVHGREĜHEDYLOL
1D RUJDQL]DFL VHWNiQt VH SRGtOHOL
SUDFRYQtFL SHUVRQiOQtKR RGERUX RGER
URYpRUJDQL]DFHLVDPRWQtGĤFKRGFL
1DVHWNiQtVHåLYČGLVNXWRYDOR
1D VHWNiQt VL PRKOL GĤFKRGFL NRXSLW
]D ]YêKRGQČQRX FHQX SHUPDQHQWN\ QD
PDViåHGRVDXQ\DQDED]pQ
%êYDOtVSROXSUDFRYQtFLVLPČOLFRY\
SUiYČW
3UĤYRGN\Qt VHWNiQt E\OD MDNR MLå
PQRKROHW*LWDâNUKORYi]YêERUXNOX
EXGĤFKRGFĤNWHUiYWLSQČNRPHQWRYDOD
þLQQRVWGĤFKRGFĤLGČQtRNRORQiV
/HWRãQtKR VHWNiQt VH ]~þDVWQLOR GĤFKRGFĤ
=D YHGHQt SRGQLNX SR]GUDYLO EêYD
Op VSROXSUDFRYQtN\ SHUVRQiOQt ĜHGLWHO
,QJ/DGLVODY+DLNHUDVH]QiPLOYãHFKQ\
SĜtWRPQp FR QRYpKR VH YH ¿UPČ XGiOR
RGSRVOHGQtKRVHWNiQtLMDNVH'H]HGDĜt
Y VRXþDVQRVWL ,QJ -LĜt 3UDåiN KRYRĜLO
SĜHGHYãtP R VLWXDFL YH YêUREČ D R QR
YêFKLQYHVWLþQtFKDNFtFK
,QJ0DUWLQ5\NDODYHGRXFtSURYR
]X MH MHGQtP ] YHGRXFtFK SUDFRYQtNĤ
NWHĜt VH UiGL VHMGRX VH VYêPL EêYDOêPL
VSROXSUDFRYQtN\LSRMHMLFKRGFKRGXGR
GĤFKRGX
1DVKOHGDQRXSĜtãWtURN
)RWRDUFKLYý6239DODãVNp0H]LĜtþt
3DQ -DQRãHN SRGČNRYDO ¿UPČ D Yê
ERUXNOXEXGĤFKRGFĤ]DYãHFRSURVYp
EêYDOpVSROXSUDFRYQtN\GČODMt
3R]QiPND )RWRJUD¿H ]H VHWNiQt
Y.HOþLMVRXSURYãHFKQ\]iMHPFHNGLV
SR]LFLQD&'QDUHFHSFL
'(=$$0<
VWUDQD
1$ä,-8%,/$17,
9OLVWRSDGXVODYtåLYRWQtMXELOHXP
OHW
.XOLãĢiN0LURVODY~GUåEDGHKHW
'UDJRQ-LĜt
HQHUJHWLND
OHW
âNDĜXSRYi.DWHĜLQDåHOH]QLþQtGRSUDYD
5XãDU-LĜt
HQHUJHWLND
-XELODQWĤPEODKRSĜHMHPH
32'ą.29É1Ì
9ĜtMQXRGHãHOGRGĤFKRGX
3DYOtþHN6YDWRSOXN EHQ]RO
9HGHQtDNFLRYpVSROHþQRVWL9iPGČNXMH
]DFHORåLYRWQtSUiFLDGRGDOãtFKOHWSĜHMH
KRGQČ]GUDYtDRVREQtVSRNRMHQRVWL
9ë6783<35$&291Ì.Đ
ětMHQ
0DUNRYi0DUFHOD ]iYRGQtVWUDYRYiQt
9Ì7É0(9É6
9ĜtMQXQDVWRXSLOL
*YR]GNRYi5DGDQD
RGERUYêYRMH
DWHFKQLFNpNRQWURO\
,QJ6PDKHO=GHQČN åHOH]QLþQtGRSUDYD
9OþHN2QGĜHM
HQHUJHWLND
äRþHN0LFKDO
~GUåEDGHKHW
2FHOtNRYi(YD
~GUåED2UJDQLN
9tWiPHYiVYQDãHPNROHNWLYXDSĜHMHPH
YiPKRGQČSUDFRYQtFK~VSČFKĤ
2.e1.23521$ä('Đ&+2'&(
%/$+23ě(-(0(
9 OLVWRSDGX VODYt åLYRWQt MXELOHXP
WLWRGĤFKRGFL
9OþtNRYi(OHQD
OHW
-DQRã$QWRQtQ
OHW
3RVVHOW3HWU
OHW
=HOHQND-DQ
OHW
1RUHN-LĜt
OHW
9RMWtãHN%RKXVODY
OHW
&LPDOD3HWU
OHW
%2:/,1*
'QH SUREČKO GDOãt ERZOLQJ
GĤFKRGFĤ 6HãOR VH QiV GYDFHW V WČPL
WRYêVOHGN\XGČYþDWWHQWRNUiW]YtWČ]LOD
02QGUXãNRYiVNRON\SĜHG$9\
NRSDORYRXDQDWĜHWtPPtVWČVNRQþLOD=
6HKQDORYiVHNRON\8PXåĤVHQHM
OpSHGDĜLOR3-XĜtþNRYLVNRON\SDN
):QFKRYLVNRON\WĜHWtVHXPtVWLO
3+HLGOHUVNRON\1DSĜtãWtVHWNi
QtYiV]YXYHþWYUWHNOLVWRSDGXYH
KRGLQ8.ORNDQD
7ČãtVHQDYiV-DURVODY*ROiĖ
785,67,.$
7UDGLþQt 0LNXOiãVNi
Y\FKi]ND
QD 0DORX /KRWX EXGH OHWRV Y SiWHN
SURVLQFH6HMGHPHVHMDNRREY\NOH
YKRGLQ83DQiþND'REUpERW\DQi
ODGXVVHERXREČGYiVþHNiYKRVSRGČ
3RGGXEHP
=DYêERU.']YH*LWDâNUKORYi
.8ä(/.<
9 SiWHN SURVLQFH QČNROLN GQĤ
SĜHG VYiWN\ VH XVNXWHþQt YiQRþQt WXU
QDMYNXåHONiFK=DþiWHNMHYHKRGLQ
Y NXåHOQČ QD ]LPQtP VWDGLRQX 9ČĜtP
åH VL PXåL UiGL FKYtOL RGG\FKQRX RG
~NOLGXDSHþHQtSDNQiPW\GRPiFtSUi
FHSĤMGRXRGUXN\
0LUHN+ODYDWê
9=320Ë1.$
'QH VUSQD ]HPĜHO SDQ :LOLEDOG
.QHFNH]2VWUDY\YHYČNXOHW
'QHĜtMQD]HPĜHOSDQ/DGLVODY3H
OXKDYHYČNXOHW
'QHĜtMQD]HPĜHOSDQ-RVHI0DćD
UDYHYČNXOHW
'QHĜtMQD]HPĜHOSDQ-DURVODY6OR
YiNYHYČNXOHW
ýHVWMHMLFKSDPiWFH
1$ä,1(-0(1äÌ
'QHĜtMQDVH6WDQLVODYX0OêQNRYL
D9HURQLFH-HåNRYpQDURGLODGFHUD
6DELQD
5RGLþĤPEODKRSĜHMHPHDPDOp6DELQFH
SĜHMHPH~VSČãQêVWDUWGRåLYRWD
9$/$â6.é&+(0,.
2GERU\,QIR
9 = 2 2 6 ( & + 2 , 1 )2 5 0 8 - (
5 ( 3 5 ( = ( 1 7$ ý 1 Ë
3/(6'(=$DV
9iåHQp ]DPČVWQDQN\QČ
]DPČVWQDQFL
GRYROXMHPH VL YiV WtPWR
SR]YDW QD 632/(ý(16.é 3/(6
SRĜiGDQê SRG ]iãWLWRX '(=$ D V
D =2 26 (&+2 3OHV VH EXGH NRQDW
YVRERWXYSURVWRUiFK.XOWXU
QtKR]DĜt]HQtPČVWD9DODãVNp0H]LĜtþt
.WDQFLEXGRXKUiWYKODYQtPViOH0R
WêO%DQGYGLYDGHOQtNDYiUQČFLPEiOR
YiPX]LND3RODMNDDY0.OXEXEXGH
GLVNRWpND
3URJUDPSOHVX
KRGLQ±]DKiMHQt
KRGLQ±SURJUDP,
KRGLQ±SURJUDP,,
KRGLQ±WRPEROD
KRGLQ±XNRQþHQt
9VWXSHQN\ V PtVWHQNDPL VH EXGRX
SURGiYDW RG GR D RG GR YåG\ RG
GR KRGLQ Y GUXKpP SRG
ODåt DGPLQLVWUDWLYQt EXGRY\ þ GYHĜt
VHNUHWDULiW RGERUĤ 9VWXSHQN\
VH EXGRX SURGiYDW RVREQČ SURWL KR
WRYRVWL 1D WHOHIRQLFNp REMHGQiYN\
QHEXGH EUiQ ]ĜHWHO &HQD PtVWHQ
N\ VH YVWXSHQNRX MH .þ MH VOR
VRYDWHOQi D ]DKUQXMH YHþHĜL 9HþHĜH
QHEXGH SRGiYiQD MHGQRWQČ NDåGê VL
ML Y\]YHGQH ViP Y SUĤEČKX YHþHUD
=GĤYRGXRPH]HQpNDSDFLW\.=EXGRX
]SRþiWNXSURGiYiQ\SRX]HYVWXSHQ
N\QDMHGQRKR]DPČVWQDQFH9SĜtSDGČ
YROQêFKPtVWEXGHPRåQRVWGDOãtYVWX
SHQN\ GRNRXSLW SR]GČML YH VWHMQpP
þDVH
6RFLiOQtRGERU,QIR
1$%Ì'.$352=$0ą671$1&(
9tNHQGRYêSRE\WYH6ORYLQVNX±/i]QČ5DGHQFL
7HUPtQ±
&HQDSUR]DPČVWQDQFH.þURGLQQêSĜtVOXãQtN.þ2GERU\SĜLVStYDMt.þ
RVRED
&HQD]DKUQXMHGRSUDYXXE\WRYiQtOi]HĖVNêSRSODWHNSRORSHQ]LYVWXSGRWHUPiOĤ
YêOHWSĜLFHVWČWDPSRMLãWČQt
8E\WRYiQt+RWHO5DGLQ
+RWHOOHåtEOt]NRKUDQLFV5DNRXVNHPD0DćDUVNHPYOi]HĖVNpPVWĜHGLVNX7HUPH5DGHQFL
9QDEtGFHKRWHOXMHED]pQRYêDVDXQRYêVYČWVROiULXPLZHOOQHVVFHQWUXP&HOêNRPSOH[
MHFKRGERXSĜtPRSURSRMHQVWHUPiOQtPLED]pQ\±R&LOpþHEQêPFHQWUHP9ãHFKQ\
SRNRMHPDMtEDONyQDMVRXNRPIRUWQČDPRGHUQČ]DĜt]HQpPLQLEDUWUH]RUUiGLR79
VDWHOLWåXSDQQDSRNRMLWHOHIRQLQWHUQHW
3ĜLKOiVLWVHPĤåHWHGRQDVRFLiOQtPRGGČOHQtWHO±SDQt6NêSDORYi
92/1ëÿ$6
+9ċ='È51$
$752120,&.È32=2529È1Ë
3RQGČOtDåSiWHNRGKRGLQ
0ČVtF±GRNRQFHOLVWRSDGX
8UDQ±SRFHORXQRFNURPČMLWUD
+YČ]G\DYtFHQiVREQpKYČ]GQpV\VWpP\
±SRFHOêPČVtF
+YČ]GRNXS\POKRYLQ\JDOD[LH±QHUX
ãtOLSĜtOLãVYêPVYLWHP0ČVtF
2G SiWNX GR QHGČOH OLVWRSDGX
.26021$87,.$ $ 5$.(729È
7(&+1,.$
3ĜHGQiãNX SRĜiGi +YČ]GiUQD 9DODãVNp
0H]LĜtþtSRYHVSROXSUiFLV9DODãVNRX
DVWURQRPLFNRX VSROHþQRVWt 9$68UþH
QRSURRGERUQRXLODLFNRXYHĜHMQRVW
3RQGČOtSURVLQFHYKRGLQ
0$;,080 0(7(25,&.e+2
52-(*(0,1,'
=+5 MH XGiYiQR PHWHRUĤKRGLQX
3RGPtQN\ SUR SR]RURYiQt EXGRX OHWRV
LGHiOQtMHOLNRå0ČVtFMHSiUGQtSRQRYX
DQHEXGHUXãLWVYêPVYLWHP
KWWSZZZDVWURYPF]
08=(805(*,2189$/$â6.2
=iPHN.LQVNêFK
ýWYUWHN OLVWRSDGX RG KRGLQ
1(6(Ć7( '20$$ 32-Ć7( '2
0$.('21,(
3RYtGiQtR0DNHGRQLL3ĜHGQiãt0JU6D
PXHOâSDQLKHO
1HGČOHOLVWRSDGXRGGRKR
GLQ=È0(&.È$'9(171Ë1('ċ/(
7UDGLþQt YiQRþQt MDUPDUN YH VSROXSUiFL
V PČVWHP 9DODãVNp 0H]LĜtþt V XNi]NRX
]Y\NRVORYtDYHUQLViåtYiQRþQtYêVWDY\
2GQHGČOHOLVWRSDGXGRQHGČOH
OHGQD75$',ý1Ë9È12ý
1Ë9é67$9$
9êVWDYDSOVWČQêFKEHWOpPĤDDXWRUVNêFKRE
UD]Ĥ]RYþtYOQ\,YDQ\/DQJURYp]H6DQWRYD
ýWYUWHN SURVLQFH Y KRGLQ *58=,( 7$-(0679Ë 9( 67Ë18
.$9.$=8
9\GHMWHVHVQiPLQDFHVWX]KRUVNp7X
ãHWLHQDPRFQRXKRUX.D]EHNDMHãWČGiO
ýWYUWHN SURVLQFH Y KRGLQ 580816.é%$1È7
3RYtGiQt R 5XPXQVNX 3ĜHGQiãHMt
0JU-DQ$QODXI0JUâiUND*RQGHNRYi
3iWHNSURVLQFHYDYKR
GLQý(6.È0â(9È12ý1Ë
9iQRþQtNRQFHUWYNRVWHOHVY7URMLFHYH
9DODãVNpP0H]LĜtþt
'R QHGČOH OHGQD ä,927
3/1é1È0$+<
9êVWDYD]DFK\FXMtFtYDODãVNêYHQNRYMDNR
PtVWRWYUGpSUiFHDNDåGRGHQQtGĜLQ\
2WHYĜHQR GHQQČ PLPR SRQGČOt RG GRKRGLQZZZPX]HXPYDODVVNRF]
=È0(./(â1È
'RQHGČOHSURVLQFH
%(7/e0<=(=È02ěË
7UDGLþQt YêVWDYX EHWOpPĤ OHWRV GRSOQt
FL]RNUDMQp DIULFNp EHWOpP\ 9HGOH NOD
VLFNêFK þHV
NêFK EHWOp
PĤ XYLGtWH
WDNp ¿JXUN\
] SĜtURGQtFK
P D W H U L i O Ĥ
DGĜHYD]RE
ODVWL (J\SWD
$QJRO\1LJ
pULH =DPELH
DGDOãtFK]HPtþHUQpKRNRQWLQHQWX
'RQHGČOHSURVLQFH
±=È0(.3/1é%$1ċ.
7UDGLþQtVNOHQČQpR]GRE\,ULVDYKLVWRULF
NêFK LQWHULpUHFK ZZZPX]HXPYDODVVNR
F]Y\VWDY\EHWOHP\]H]DPRUL
0ċ676.È.1,+291$
6RERWDOLVWRSDGXRGGRKRGLQ
'(1352'ċ76.28.1,+8
2GGČOHQtSURGČWLDPOiGHå
7YRĜLYpGtOQLþN\SURGHMNQLKMDNRGiUHN
SRGVWURPHþHN
'RSRQGČOtOLVWRSDGX
-$.6()27Ë&+,3081.29e
9êVWDYD IRWRJUD¿t 0DJG\ 5DGRVWRYp
]IRWRJUD¿FNpH[SHGLFHSRQiURGQtFKSDU
FtFK]iSDGQtþiVWL86$
ÒWHUê SURVLQFH Y KRGLQ ±
âġ$671e$9(6(/e
3ĜHGYiQRþQt SRVH]HQt Y þtWiUQČ V -DQRX
+RFKPDQQRYRXD-LQGĜLFKHP2OHãHP
ZZZPHNYDOPH]F]
.=9$/$â6.e0(=,ěËýË
6./8%
6RERWDOLVWRSDGXYKRGLQYHONê
ViO%RåHQDâLPNRYi6ģ/1$'=/$72
3ĜHGVWDYHQtQDPRWLY\VWHMQRMPHQQpSR
KiGN\%RåHQ\1ČPFRYp
'LYDGHOQtDJHQWXUD'$33UDKD
3ĜHGSODWQp 6HGPLNUiVND 'RSURGHM GČWL
.þGRVSČOt.þ
6WĜHGD OLVWRSDGX Y KRGLQ YHONêViO$'9(171Ë.21&(57
720Èâ.2ý.225&+(6756WDUR
VORYDQVNp9iQRFHDVWDUpWUDGLFH9iQRF
9VWXSQp Y SĜHGSURGHML .þ QD PtVWČ
.þ
ýWYUWHN OLVWRSDGX Y KRGLQ
JDOHULH .DSOH 32'=,01Ë .21
&(57036%(6('$
+RVW SURJUDPX åHQVNê SČYHFNê VERU
+HGYLND9VWXSQp.þGČWL.þ
6RERWD OLVWRSDGX Y KRGLQ YHONêViO%(1(),ý1Ë.21&(57
6H[WHW3OXV]1RYpKR-LþtQDD'ČWVNêSČ
YHFNêVERU%URXþFL]H=â6DOYiWRU
9UiPFLNRQFHUWXVHXVNXWHþQtDXNFHNUH
VHEEHUiQNĤYHĜHMQČ]QiPêFKRVREQRVWt
7+DOtN90DOê'+DYORYi--DNXELV
NR.*RWW+9RQGUiþNRYi$%RUQ/
2VPDQL-âWČSiQNRYi/âSDþHNDGDOãt
3RĜiGi'LDNRQLHý&(YH9DODãVNpP0H]LĜtþt
9VWXSQp.þGČWLGROHW.þ
6WĜHGD SURVLQFH Y KRGLQ ViO
.=9È12ý1Ë.21&(57
2UFKHVWU 9iFODYD +\EãH +ODYQtP KRV
WHPMH]SČYDþND-LWND=HOHQNRYi9VWXSQp
YSĜHGSURGHML.þQDPtVWČ.þ
6WĜHGDSURVLQFHYKRGLQYHONê
ViO3DXO3|UWQHU63/$â(1e1ģä.<
'HWHNWLYQtNRPHGLHMHSRVWDYHQDQDXQLNiW
QtPSULQFLSXLQWHUDNFHPH]LKHUFLDGLYiN\
0ČVWVNpGLYDGOR=OtQ9VWXSQpYSĜHGSUR
GHML.þQDPtVWČ.þ
63â67$9(%1Ë
%êYDOp628VWDYHEQt
2G SiWNX GR VRERW\ OLVWRSDGX
± 9$/$â6.é .5$-.Èě6.é
$ě(0(6/1é75+
08=(-1Ë$*$/(5,-1Ë&(17580
=iPHNäHURWtQĤ
2GþWYUWNXOLVWRSDGXGRQHGČ
OHOHGQD±SĜt]HPt
&2 1$ 6(%($1(% 32+/(' '2
+,6725,(2'Ë9$1Ë
9HUQLViåYKRGLQ
9êVWDYD UHSOLN KLVWRULFNêFK RGČYĤ ] DVWROHWtSURãOHFKWXLSRGGDQp]GtOQ\
0DUWLQ\D0DUWLQD+ĜLERYêFK
ýWYUWHNOLVWRSDGXRGGR
KRGLQ 02'()ORKPDUN DQHE EOHãt
WUKY0D*&
2ULJLQiOQtDQHWUDGLþQtREOHþHQtDGRSOĖ
N\]DV\PEROLFNpFHQ\
3Ĝt]HPt JDOHULH Y SURVWRUiFK YêVWDY\
9VWXSQp.þSURKOtGNDYêVWDY\DWHSOê
QiSRMYFHQČYVWXSHQN\
'R VRERW\ OLVWRSDGX ± 1$0$/8-
0,%(5È1.$
%HQH¿þQtYêVWDYD'LDNRQLHý&(YH9D
ODãVNpP0H]LĜtþt
'R QHGČOH SURVLQFH ± SĜt]HPt 9(1,9,',«-26().1È3(.
9êVWDYDGYRXIRWRJUD¿FNêFKF\NOĤ]GHM
ãtKRDXWRUD-RVHID.QiSND
'RVWĜHG\SURVLQFH±/(7+9ċ=
'È51<9(9$/$â6.e00(=,ěËýË
9êVWDYDPDSXMHåLYRWKYČ]GiĜĤLKYČ]GiUQ\
ZZZPDJFF]
3DQt.DWHĜLQDâNDĜXSRYiRVODYt
OLVWRSDGXSDGHViWpQDUR]HQLQ\
%ODKRSĜHMHPH
$'9(17YtWHåH«
YQHGČOLOLVWRSDGX]DþtQiSUYQtDG
YHQWQtQHGČOHW]YåHOH]Qi"
DGYHQWWUYiþW\ĜLWêGQ\"
VORYRDGYHQWSRFKi]t]ODWLQVNpKRVORYD
DGYHQWXVD]QDPHQiSĜtFKRG"
OLWXUJLFNiEDUYDDGYHQWXMH¿DORYi"
YKLVWRULLVHQČNGHVODYLODGYHQWRGpOFH
ãHVWLWêGQĤ"
SRVOHGQtDGYHQWQtQHGČOLVHĜtNi]ODWi"
R]QDþHQtDGYHWQtFKQHGČOtSRGOHNRYĤMH
PRGHUQtPYêP\VOHPREFKRGQtNĤ"
3iWHN±KRGLQ6RERWD±KR
GLQ9VWXSQpGRVSČOt.þGČWL.þ
ZZZYDODVVN\NUDMNDUVN\F]
1È0ċ67Ë9$/$â6.ċ0(=,ěËýË
3iWHNSURVLQFHRGKRGLQ±52=
69Ë&(1Ë9È12ý1Ë+2675208
9\VWRXSHQtPLNXOiãVNpGUXåLQ\]HâWtWQp
QDG9OiĜtDKXGHEQtVNXSLQ\0HGLFLPEiO
9KRGLQUR]VYtFHQtYiQRþQtKRVWURPX
2G~WHUêGR~WHUêSURVLQFH
±9È12ý1Ë75+<
1DEtGNDYiQRþQtKR]ERåtSHþHQêFKNDã
WDQĤ WUGHOQtNĤ SXQþH VYDĜHQpKR YtQD
PHGRYLQ\ D VSHFLDOLW YDODãVNp NXFK\QČ
9\VWRXStNDSHO\)OHUHW5HÀH[\-DEONRĖ
9HVHOi%tGDQHERFLPEiORYND2G0H]LĜt
þDDPQRKRGDOãtFK
9~WHUêSURVLQFHVHSĜHGVWDYtGLYDGOR
.YHOE]ýHVNêFK%XGČMRYLFVHVYêPLRE
URYVNêPLORXWNDPL
6WĜHGDSURVLQFHYKRGLQ
ý(6.2=3Ë9È.2/('<
9H9DODãVNpP0H]LĜtþt±SRGYiQRþQtP
VWURPHP
93ROLþQp±Y]iNODGQtãNROH
9H9VHWtQȱQDWHUDVH'RPXNXOWXU\
,1=(5&(
3521$-08QH]DĜt]HQêE\WYH9D
ODãVNpP0H]LĜtþtYXOLFL.ĜLåQi
7HO
9DUHiOXWiERUD7UXELVHNSUREČKORGGRSURGČWL],WXUQXVXWHPDWLFNêSRG
]LPQtWiERURYêVUD]%\O\GêQČPDVN\NDUQHYDOLVSRXWDÄGêĖRYêFK³KHU9SĜtãWtPþtVOH
SUR]UDGtPHYtFH0ĤåHWHVHWČãLW
+ODYQtYHGRXFt,WXUQXVX*DEþD*DEULHOD0HQFRYi
32'ċ.29È1Ë
'ČNXMLYãHPEêYDOêPVSROXSUDFRYQtNĤP]DPČVWQDQFĤP'(=$DVNDPDUi
GĤPSĜiWHOĤP]QiPêPDSĜtEX]QêPNWHĜtYWDNKRMQpPSRþWXGRSURYRGLOLPpKR
PDQåHOD-RVHID)RUHMWDUDQDMHKRSRVOHGQtSR]HPVNpFHVWČ
'ČNXML]DNYČWLQRYpGDU\NRQGROHQFHDYãHFKQDXSĜtPQiVORYD~WČFK\
1DćD)RUHMWDURYi
$*52)(57
VWUDQD
9$/$â6.é&+(0,.
&KFHPHIXQJRYDWQDLQWHUQHWXLYWHOHYL]L
3ĤVREt VWHMQČ MDNR KXGHEQt VWDQLFH
NWHURX MLå WĜHWtP URNHP ĜtGt -H POD
Gê XVPČYDYê HQHUJLFNê POXYt U\FKOH
D þDVWR SRXåtYi DQJOLFNi VORYD NWHUi
GRGQHãQtKRVYČWDQRYêFKPpGLt]NUiWND
SDWĜt3ĜLVHWNiQtVJHQHUiOQtPĜHGLWHOHP
KXGHEQtVWDQLFHÏþNRâWČSiQHP:ROGHP
PiWHRGVDPpKR]DþiWNXSRFLWåHYMHMtP
þHOHMHQDVYpPPtVWČDåHKXGHEQtDWH
OHYL]QtEUDQåLUR]XPt$UR]XPtL\RXWX
EHUĤPLNRQiPWHHQDJHUĤNWHUpVODYQt
LQWHUSUHWLXåGiYQRSĜHVWDOL]DMtPDW
-DNRXKXGEXSRVORXFKiWH"
7RMHSRPČUQČVORåLWp9SUYQtFKGYRX
OHWHFKNG\MVHP]DþDOĜtGLWÏþNRMVHP
ĜtNDO åH PČ KXGED YĤEHF QH]DMtPi
=GiOR VH PL åH WHOHYL]H VH MDNR ¿UPD
SRWĜHEXMH YUiWLW N WRPX DE\ SURGXNR
YDODSĜLGDQRXKRGQRWXFRåOLGHPNWHĜt
WX SUDFRYDOL PRF QHGRFKi]HOR +XGED
PČDOH]DMtPiDSRVORXFKiPYSRGVWDWČ
YãHFKQR PRåQp ± QDSĜtNODG L DNWXiOQt
KLSKRS
9NYČWQX]DþDORÏþNRY\VtODW]QRYp
KRVWXGLDDSĜHVXQXORVHGRVtGODY\GD
YDWHOVWYt0DIUD&RYiVNWRPXYHGOR"
1HMGĤOHåLWČMãt E\OR GiW ÏþNX QRYê
SURVWRUD0DIĜHãDQFLY\XåtYDWDXGLRYL
]XiOQt]i]HPtNWHUpÏþNRPi5R]GČOR
YDWYGQHãQtGREČPpGLDQDLQWHUQHWWLVN
DWHOHYL]LMH]DVWDUDOp,QWHUQHWSRWĜHEXMH
DXGLRYL]XiOQtREVDK\VWHMQČWDNMDNRP\
SRWĜHEXMHPH LQWHUQHWRYi VGČOHQt 1RYp
VWXGLR E\ PČOR Y\WYRĜLW ]i]HPt QHMHQ
SURQiVDQDãHQRYpSRĜDG\DOHLSURSUR
MHNW\0DIU\1HGiYQRVHWDG\QDSĜtNODG
VSRXãWČO3OD\WYDNF]QHERWRþLO\SRĜDG\
SUR L'1(6F] 7RþtPH WDG\ L SUR H[
WHUQtKR]DGDYDWHOH±WHOHYL]L0ĖDP79
=PČQDMHNYDOLWDWLYQtPSRVXQHPMDNSUR
QiV±SURÏþNRWDNSURFHORX0DIUX
$ MDN VH Yiã SĜHVXQ RGUiåt UHiOQČ
YSUD[L"
9ČFL GČOiPH PQRKHP YtF GRKURPD
G\ 3RNXG Pi L'1(6F] GRPOXYHQê
FKDWWĜHEDV.U\ãWRIHPXGČOiVHWRXQiV
YHVWXGLXSRXåLMHPHWRXQiVQDZHEXD
L'1(6F] ]DVH QD VYpP SRUWiOX 7\KOH
DNWLYLW\VHPD[LPiOQČSUROtQDMtDMHWČå
NpĜtFWNGRGČOiFRDSURNRKR
2YOLYQtWRQČMDNIRUPiW\SRĜDGĤNWH
UpFK\VWiWHGRSRG]LPQtQDEtGN\"
=HVWXGLDMHQ\QtPRåQpSRVtODWYČFL
URYQRXGRVWĜLåQ\DPtWMHYHOPLU\FKOH
D WpPČĜ Y UHiOQpP þDVH SĜLSUDYHQp GR
YLUWXiOQtKRSURVWĜHGt$WRMHGDOãtNURN
GR EXGRXFQRVWL 'ČODW GORXKp SRĜDG\
D QiVOHGRYDW NODVLFNp WHOHYL]Qt Y\VtOiQt
MH XYDåRYiQt NWHUp QiP QHVWDþt 0XVt
PHSĜHPêãOHWMLQDNDGČODWNUiWNpSRĜD
G\ NWHUp EXGRX IXQJRYDW MDN QD LQWHU
QHWX WDN Y WHOHYL]L 3ĜL]SĤVREXMHPH VH
WtPLQWHUQHWRYpPX]SĤVREXNRQ]XPDFH
YLGHtDWRPXMDNMVRXGLYiFLQDLQWHUQHWX
]Y\NOt SRĜDG\ SĜLMtPDW 1DãL GLYiFL RG
QiVþHNDMtDFKWČMtNUiWNi]KUXEDPL
QXWRYiYLGHD
-DNêEXGHMHMLFKREVDK"
&K\VWiPH QDSĜtNODG SURMHNW\ V Y\X
åLWtP \RXWXEHUĤ FRå MVRX YHOPL PODGt
OLGpMHMLFKåDPDWpUVNiNUiWNiYLGHDMVRX
YHOPL ~VSČãQi QD LQWHUQHWX D MVRX WR
Y SRGVWDWČ KYČ]G\ GQHãQt GRE\9 SUY
Qt SRORYLQČ URNX MVPH GČODOL SRĜDG\ VH
WĜHPL ] QLFK WHć FK\VWiPH MHMLFK GDOãt
VDPRVWDWQp SRĜDG\ 1D SRG]LP SĜLSUD
YXMHPH QRYLQN\ ]DPČĜHQp QD IDVKLRQ
PRGHUQtWHFKQRORJLHDNLQR]iEDYX
%XGRX WČPLWR SRĜDG\ SURYi]DW ]Qi
PpWYiĜH"
1H 8 MHGQp ] QDãLFK FtORYêFK VNX
SLQGLYiNĤWHHQDJHUĤMVRXQHMYČWãtPL
KYČ]GDPLMLå]PLĖRYDQt\RXWXEHĜLMDNR
QDSĜtNODG-RKQ\9DOGDNWHUpVWDUãtJHQH
UDFHYĤEHFQH]QDMt&KFHPHWDNpOLGHP
NWHĜtQČFRXPČMtSRPRFLDXGČODW]QLFK
KYČ]G\ <RXWXEHUĤP QDYtF GRGiYi SĤ
VREHQt Y QDãt WHOHYL]L QD YiåQRVWL 1D
MHGQRXMHQHVOHGXMtMHQMHMLFKYUVWHYQtFL
DOH MHMLFK YLGHt VL ]DþtQDMt YiåLW WĜHED
LMHMLFKURGLþHQHERWHW\$SĜLWRPMHDQL
QHYLGt YtF OLGt 9H 6SRMHQêFK VWiWHFK
MVRXYWRPWRY\VtOiQtMHãWČRGYDNURN\
GiO±WDPMH\RXWXEHULQJLSURGRVSČOp
-iXåWHćGtN\VYêPGČWHPDÏþNX\RX
WXEHUĤPUR]XPtP
ýtP VL Y\VYČWOXMHWH MHMLFK YHONê
~VSČFK"
3ĜHGHYãtPMVRXDXWHQWLþWtDWRVHWHH
QDJHUĤPOtEt'iPYiPSĜtNODG1D]D
þiWNXOpWDVHNRQDOIHVWLYDO<RXWXEHULQJ
%\OR QD QČP OLGt D WĜL KXGHEQt
SyGLD QD NWHUêFK Y\VWXSRYDO\ YHONp
KXGHEQtNDSHO\DNROHPQLFKE\O\VWiQ
N\ NGH POXYLO\ QDSĜtNODG PODGp GtYN\
RPyGČ$E\OLWDPWDNp\RXWXEHĜL1D
Y\VWRXSHQt 5\WPXVH VH WHKG\ GtYDOR
]KUXED OLGt DOH X VWiQNĤ \RXWXEH
&KHPLFNiWHFKQRORJLHDOLGVNpVSROHþHQVWYt
-LĜt+DQLNDÒVWDYFKHPLFNêFKSURFHVĤ$9ý5YYL
1iYUDW N SRþiWNĤP FKHPLFNp
OXþE\
9êYRM FKHPLFNp WHFKQRORJLH GR]QDO
]DSRVOHGQtGYČVWDOHWtRKURPQpKRUR]
PDFKX.G\åVLDOHXYČGRPtPHåHY\
þHUSiQtP IRVLOQtFK ]GURMĤ XKOtNX EXGH
OLGVWYRRGNi]iQRYêKUDGQČQDREQRYL
WHOQp]GURMHNWHUpQiPVNêWiSRX]HåLYi
SĜtURGDQH]EXGHSĜtãWtPJHQHUDFtPQD
ãLFKQiVOHGRYQtNĤQLFMLQpKRQHåQiYUDW
N RSUDYGRYêP SRþiWNĤP FKHPLFNp
OXþE\ 3UDYGČSRGREQê SODVWLFNê REUD]
RWDNRYpEXGRXFQRVWLĜHNQČPH]DGYČ
VWROHWt PĤåHPH ]tVNDW þHWERX YĤEHF
SUYQtþHVN\QDSVDQpXþHEQLFH9RMWČFKD
âDIDĜtNDSR]GČMLY\XþRYDOFKHPLLPM
QDýHVNp3RO\WHFKQLFHY3UD]HY\GD
QRX]DSRGSRU\ýHVNp0DWLFH7HFKQLF
Np 7DWR KLVWRULFNi NQLKD VNêWi
SĜLEOLåQê REUD] EXGRXFQRVWL FKHPLFNp
WHFKQRORJLH EH] GRVWXSQRVWL IRVLOQtFK
XKOtNDWêFKVXURYLQ±XKOtURS\D]HP
QtKRSO\QXQDNWHUêFKMHYGDQpFKYtOL
åLYRWQt~URYHĖGQHãQtKRVWDQGDUGXY\
VSČOpFLYLOL]DFHIXQGDPHQWiOQČ]iYLVOi
1D VWiQNiFK ]PtQČQp PRQRJUD¿H
QHQtRFKHPLFNpPY\XåLWtIRVLOQtFKVX
URYLQDQL]PtQND
2EUD] EXGRXFQRVWL FKHPLH EH] IR
VLOQtFK VXURYLQ D åLYRWQt ~URYHĖ GQHã
QtKR VWDQGDUGX Y\VSČOp FLYLOL]DFH MVRX
HYLGHQWQČ Y SĜtNUpP SURWLNODGX ýtP
GĜtYHVLOLGVWYRWXWRVNXWHþQRVWXYČGR
PtWtPYtFHþDVX]tVNiQDVYRMLDGDS
WDFLQDVNURPQČMãtSRGPtQN\'REUêP
YRGtWNHP NWHUp ] SRKOHGX EXGRXFtKR
UR]YRMHFKHPLHDFKHPLFNpWHFKQRORJLH
PĤåH QHSRFK\EQČ EêW L WYU]HQt ] SHUD
9RMWČFKDâDIDĜtNDNWHUêQDVWUiQFH
]PtQČQp NQLK\ YODVWQČ SĜHGMtPi VRX
þDVQê PDVLYQt QiVWXS ELRWHFKQRORJLt
WRXWRYČWRX
Ä8PČOpWYRĜHQtRUJDQLFNêFKVORXþH
QLQWMEH]SRPRFLVtO\åLYRWQpYOiGQRX
FtYEXQLFtFKURVWOLQQDGPtUX]ĜtGNDVH
GDĜtDLWDPNGHVHGDĜtYČWãtPGtOHP
]DSUDYGXO]HSRNOiGDWLåHSĜtURGDWYR
ĜtFW\WpåVORXþHQLQ\GRFHODMLQiþHVREČ
SRþtQiQHåOLP\SĜLXPČOpPMLFKVNOi
GiQt³
, SUR VRXþDVQpKR þWHQiĜH PĤåH EêW
]DMtPDYpMDNiE\ODXKOtNDWiVXURYLQR
Yi ]iNODGQD FKHPLFNêFK YêURE QDãLFK
SĜHGNĤ %\O\ WR MHGQDN IHUPHQWDþQt
SURFHV\QDEi]LFXNHUQêFKVXURYLQWĜWL
QDĜHSDPHGRYRFHDSRGSRVN\WXMtFt
DOLIDWLFNp DONRKRO\ MHMLFK HWKHU\ DOH
WDNp SĜtVOXãQp DOGHK\G\ þL NHWRQ\ SR
MHMLFKFKHPLFNpSĜHPČQČ7XN\ViGOR
PiVOR ORMH U\Et WXN ] WUHVHN YHOU\E
D WXOHĖĤ YRUYDĖRYLQD YþHOt YRVN
DWDNpROHMQDWpURVWOLQ\ROLYDVOXQHþQL
FHĜHSNDKRĜþLFHOHQSDOPDNRNRVR
YiYRVNRYiDGDOãtE\O\YåG\FHQČQ\
SUR VYp PLPRĜiGQp QXWULþQt KRGQRW\
DOH L QČNWHUp ] QLFK MVRX L GQHV ]GUR
MHP Yê]QDPQêFK Y\ããtFK DOLIDWLFNêFK
N\VHOLQ SR MHMLFK UHGXNFL SĜtVOXãQêFK
PDVWQêFK DONRKROĤ DOH URYQČå WDNp
JO\FHULQX
9 FLWRYDQp NQL]H 9RMWČFKD âDIDĜtND
MHGiOH]PtQČQRMDN]PêGHOQČQtPWXNĤ
QDãL SĜHGNRYp SĜLSUDYRYDOL SRWĜHEQi
PêGODSURRVREQtK\JLHQXDSUDQtRGČ
YĤ=GURMHPXKORYRGtNĤDOHWDNpPH
WDQROXE\ODWHKG\SĜHGHYãtPVXFKiGH
VWLODFHGĜHYDWDN]YDQêGĜHYQtOtKDOH
WDNpGHK\GUDWDFHDONRKROĤWĜHEDHW\OpQ
]HWDQROXþLGHNDUER[\ODFHVROtRUJD
QLFNêFKN\VHOLQ=YOiãWQtSRVWXS\E\O\
2EU.ROREČKXKOtNXDW\SLFNpGRE\WUYiQtFKHPLFNêFKDELRORJLFNêFKSĜHPČQ
UĤ VWiO\ WĜHED GYČ KRGLQ\ WLVtFH OLGt YH
IURQWČDE\VHVWČPLKOHPODGêPLNOXN\
PRKO\Y\IRWLW5RGLþHGHVHWLDåGHYDWH
QiFWLOHWêFKGČWtE\OLYUR]SDFtFK-HMLFK
SRWRPFLVHYUKDOLNHVWiQNĤPXNWHUêFK
VWiOLPODGtNOXFLNWHĜtQLFQHSĜHGYiGČOL
DQLNGRMH]WUDGLþQtFKPpGLtQH]Qi=D
IRWNXVLQHFKDOL]DSODWLWWĜLFHWNRUXQ
$FRWĜHEDUR]KRYRU\"0DMtRQČYDãL
GLYiFL]iMHP"
0ČOLMVPHQČNROLNGLVNXVQtFKSRĜDGĤ
9VRXþDVQRVWLPiPHMHQMHGHQ±/LPX
]tQX V 0tURX +HMGRX 9 SĜtãWtP URFH
E\FKRPVHYãDNFKWČOLNWRPXWRIRUPi
WXYUiWLW2SČWDOHYNUiWNêFKVWRSiåtFK
-VPH NXOLVRYi WHOHYL]H NWHUi Pi KUiW
YREêYiNX/LGpVHQDQiVFKWČMtGtYDW
DOHQHYČQRYDWVOHGRYiQtSULPiUQtSR]RU
QRVW7RMHWUHQGNWHUêMHSURQDãLKXGHE
Qt WHOHYL]L SĜLUR]HQê DOH Y VRXþDVQRVWL
VHWêNiLYHONêFKNDQiOĤ,YHONpWHOHYL]H
GQHV ]MLãĢXMt åH Xå QHMVRX SULPiUQtP
REMHNWHPREêYDFtKRSRNRMHDåHOLGpSĜL
MHMLFKVOHGRYiQtSRXåtYDMt]iURYHĖWHOH
IRQ\DGČODMtĜDGXGDOãtFKYČFt
=SUDYRGDMVWYtYHYDãtNXOLVRYpWHOHYL
]LIXQJXMH"
3ĜHG GYČPD OHW\ MVPH VSXVWLOL ÏþNR
1HZV D IXQJXMH WR YHOPL GREĜH 2G
SRG]LPX E\FKRP FKWČOL PtW MHGHQ GHQ
YWêGQXPRGHUiWRUDNWHUêE\GČODOÏþNR
1HZVQDåLYRDSRVN\WRYDWGLYiNĤPXU
þLWpÄÀRZ³LQIRUPDFtSR]QiPNDUHGDN
FHSĜtOLYLQIRUPDFtQDMDNêMVRXGLYiFL
]Y\NOt]LQWHUQHWX0XVtPHEêWVFKRSQL
ĜtNDWQDREUD]RYFHYČFLNWHUpMVRXYUH
iOQpPþDVHLQDLQWHUQHWXD]DPČĜRYDWVH
QD VKRZE\]Q\V 7R MH YHONi Yê]YD SUR
QiVYãHFKQ\
.G\å VL WHć SXVWtP ÏþNR Y MDNêFK
SRĜDGHFKQRYpVWXGLRXYLGtP"
7pPČĜNDåGpRGSROHGQHYHYãHGQtGQ\
RGVXG Y\VtOiPH åLYê SRĜDG 0L[[[HU
NWHUê ]DþtQi RNROR SĤO þWYUWp D NRQþt
NROHPSiWp1iãSULPHWLPHWHG\NRQþt
YGREČNG\KODYQtY\VtODFtþDVYGDOãtFK
WHOHYL]tFK]DþtQi=YHPHVHPQHMHQUĤ]
QpLQWHUSUHW\DVNXSLQ\DOHLOLGL]MLQêFK
RGYČWYtVKRZE\]Q\VXQHERLPLPRQČM
NWHĜtPDMtFRĜtFWQDãtFtORYpVNXSLQČ
-DN E\VWH YDãL FtORYRX VNXSLQX
SRSVDO"
3UYQt QDãt FtORYRX VNXSLQRX MVRX WH
HQDJHĜL YH YČNX OHW NWHĜt MVRX
WHKG\ DSOLNRYiQ\ QD ]SUDFRYiQt WXNX
]ROHMQDWêFKSORGLQRĜHFKĤPiNXNR
QRStDVNRþFHULFLQ
6DPRVWDWQRX VXURYLQRYRX VNXSLQX
QHMHQ SUR SRWUDYLQiĜVWYt DOH SUR SĜt
SUDYXFKHPLFNêFKOiWHNWUDQVIRUPDFtþL
IHUPHQWDFtSĜHGVWDYRYDO\WDN]YDQpXK
ORK\GUiW\±WHG\FXNU\1DWRPWRPtVWČ
MHWĜHED]PtQLWFXNUWĜWLQRYêKUR]QRYê
RYRFQêPOpþQêGiOHSDNSRO\VDFKDULG
ãNURENORYDWLQ\DWDNpSRO\PHUQtFH
OXORVX9XþHEQLFLMH]PLĖRYiQDPLPR
MLQp WDNp SĜtSUDYD IXUIXUDOX DOH WHKG\
WDNp MLå ]QiPp QLWURFHOXOy]\ D NROR
GLRQX9 WH[WX MVRX GiOH XYiGČQ\ UR]
OLþQp JO\NRVLG\ WHG\ OiWN\ REVDKXMtFt
FXNHUQRX VORåNX Y\VN\WXMtFt VH Y SĜt
URGČ ± WĜHED VDOLFLQ NĤUD YUE\ þHUYH
QpTXHUFLWULQGXEEDUYtĜVNêVDSRQLQ
P\GOLFH FURFLQ ãDIUiQ DP\JGDOLQ
KRĜNp PDQGOH 5RVWOLQQp VXURYLQ\
SRVN\WRYDO\DGRVXGWDNpGQHVVHY\X
åtYDMtSURUĤ]QiNRĜHQtSĜtSUDYXEDO]i
PĤ NDIUX SU\VN\ĜLF SUR ODN\ YêUREX
SHNWLQX JO\NRVLGĤ WĜtVORYLQ KRĜþLQ
DVODGLYGiOHSDNN]tVNiYiQtUĤ]QêFK
DONDORLGĤ]OpþLYêFKURVWOLQþL]HPČGČO
VNêFK SORGLQ PiN ± NRGHLQ PRU¿Q
FLQFKRQD ± FKLQLQ EUDPRURYp NOtþN\
VRODQLQOLOHNDWURSLQþDMNiYD±NR
IHLQWKHLQWKHREURPLQGĜLãĢiO±EHUEH
ULQSHSĜSLSHULQ
1DãL SĜHGNRYp L]RORYDOL WDNp VSRXV
WX EDUYLY DONDORLGĤ ] UR]OLþQêFK URVW
OLQ ]H ]YtĜHFtKR PDWHULiOX VH L GQHV
Y\UiEČMt EtONRYLQ\ DOEXPLQ KHPDWLQ
JOREXOLQ ¿EULQ NUHDWLQ NDVHLQ OiWN\
NOLKRYLWp JOXWLQ þLOL NOLK FKRQGULQ
9 FLWRYDQp NQL]H VH GR]YtPH MDN VH
L]RORYDOD PRþRYLQD D N\VHOLQD PRþR
Yi ] PRþL KRVSRGiĜVNêFK ]YtĜDW MDN
E\ORPRåQp]tVNDWN\VHOLQXKLSSXURYRX
DSRG
3UYQtSDUDGLJPDVRXþDVQRVWLÄWU
YDOHXGUåLWHOQêUR]YRM³
9 SRVOHGQt GREČ VH Y SROLWLF
NêFKSURMHYHFKYPpGLtFKDWXGtå
LQDYHĜHMQRVWLþDVWRSRXåtYiSUR
WLPOXY ± XGUåLWHOQê UR]YRM VSR
OHþQRVWL D MHKR ]DFKRYiQt .Då
Gê UR]XPQê þORYČN FWt SODWQRVW
DUHVSHNWRYiQtSĜtURGQtFK]iNRQĤ
]QLFKåMHGHQ]QHM]QiPČMãtFKMH
]iNRQ ]DFKRYiQt KPRW\ D HQHU
JLH3RNXGVLOLGpQHXYČGRPtåH
Y JOREiOQtP PČĜtWNX PiPH QD
=HPL SĜtVQČ RPH]HQp SĜtURGQt
]GURMH VXURYLQ SDN QHRPH]HQê
UR]YRM VSROHþQRVWL MH QHVP\
VQDãtWHOHYL]tRGSROHGQHYSULPHWLPX
&KWČMt VO\ãHW W\ QHMDNWXiOQČMãt YČFL
D Y QHKXGHEQt REODVWL MH ]DMtPDMt LQWHU
QHWRYpREVDK\WUHQG\QHER¿OP\'DOãt
FtORYNRXMVRXOLGpYHYČNXRGGR
OHW WR MH QHMSRþHWQČMãt VNXSLQD $ WLWR
OLGpMVRXVWHOHYL]tSĜHGHYãtPRGSROHGQH
D YHþHU 1HFKWČMt SRVORXFKDW Y\VORYHQČ
UHWURDOHQHO]HMLPWDNU\FKOHVHUYtURYDW
DNWXiOQtYČFLMDNRWHHQDJHUĤP+XGHEQČ
MLPSURWRQDEt]tPHQRYLQN\DOHLYHONp
D]QiPpKLW\
$ FR WĜHED Y\VRNRãNROiFL" 7\ ÏþNR
QH]DMtPi"
/LGpYHYČNXOHWMVRXWHOHYL]H
PLREHFQČ]DVDåLWHOQČMãtKĤĜH1DFK\WDW
MH SĜHG WHOHYL]Qt REUD]RYNRX MH WČåNp
SURWRåH YČWãLQX þDVX WUiYt QD LQWHUQHWX
0\ PiPH YêKRGX NWHURX ]DWtP RE
FKRGQČQHSOQČY\XåtYiPHDWRMHIDNW
åH]QDþNDÏþNRMHSRPČUQČVLOQiLQDLQ
WHUQHWX0RPHQWiOQČPiPHID
FHERRNRYêFKIDQRXãNĤDWRMHQHMYtF]H
YãHFKPpGLtFKYýHVNpUHSXEOLFHYþHWQČ
ÏþNRYþtVOHFK
KRG
9tFHQHåWLVtF
7pPČĜôPLOLRQX
1RY\QHER(YURS\/LGLQDIDFHERRNX
DOHRGUDGtWHSRNXGMLPNRPHUþQČQČFR
QDEt]tWH 0XVtPH RSDWUQČ EDODQFRYDW
PH]LWtPFRMHNRPHUþQtQHERVHOISUR
SDJDþQtDREVDKHPNWHUêMH]DMtPi
1DEt]tWH WDNp WHFKQRORJLH Y\XåLWHOQp
QDPRELOQtFKWHOHIRQHFK"
$QR D GQHV PiPH GRNRQFH WpPČĜ
PLOLRQX VWDåHQêFK DSOLNDFt QD WHOH
IRQ%êWVWDåHQêXWĜLþWYUWČPLOLRQXOLGt
YNDSVHMHWDNpKUR]QČPRF
9\XåtYiWH VYp NQRZKRZ L PLPR
VWXGLR"
1D]DþiWNXPLQXOpKRURNXMVPHVSXV
WLOL SURMHNW ÏþNR 3URPRWLRQ FRå MH ¿U
PDNWHUiGČOiHYHQW\=SRþiWNXWRE\O\
MHQSRNXV\DOHWHćXåPiPHVWDELOL]R
YDQRXDJHQWXUXNWHUi]DURNXGČOi]KUX
EDHYHQWĤYNOXEHFKSURWLVtFDåGYD
WLVtFHOLGt6SROXSUDFXMHPHLVW]YiþNR
YêPLLQWHUSUHW\MDNRQDSĜtNODGV5\WPX
VHPQHER'DURX5ROOLQV(YHQW\GČOiPH
DOHLSUR¿UP\QD]DNi]NX
0LUNDäLURYQLFNi$*52)(57DV
SĜHGWROLNDOHW\]DþDORÏþNRY\VtOiWSRSUYp
WDNVHSRK\EXMHVOHGRYDQRVWKXGHEQtWHOHYL]HÏþNRFRå
MHVURYQDWHOQpþtVORQDSĜLVHVOHGRYDQRVWt079YHVYČWČ
WDKOHGREDSĜHGVWDYXMHÄSULPHWLPH³
SRþHWIDFHERRNRYêFKIDQRXãNĤ
SRþHWVWDåHQêFKDSOLNDFtÏþNDYPRELOHFK
VO .URPČ WRKR VH QXWQČ YWtUi RWi]ND
RMDNêK\SRWHWLFNêUR]YRMVHMHGQiQD
~NRUNRKRþHKRþtDNDP"
3RNXG E\FKRP SRYDåRYDOL ]D UR
]XPQp XGUåHW DOHVSRĖ WDNRYRX NYDOLWX
åLYRWD D åLYRWQt ~URYHĖ QD VRXþDVQp
KODGLQČ SDN MH QXWQp POXYLW DOHVSRĖ
R XGUåLWHOQp VWDJQDFL VSROHþQRVWL
D WR ]D SĜHGSRNODGX åH YãHFKQ\ SUY
N\ Y\WČåHQp ]H ]HPVNp NĤU\ GRNiåH
PH VH ~þLQQRVWt UHF\NORYDW FRå
MH RYãHP URYQČå QHPRåQp 7DNRYi
SĜHGVWDYD YãDN MLVWČ ORJLFN\ QDUD]t QD
]ĜHMPRX QHXGUåLWHOQRVW ] GORXKRGREp
þDVRYp SHUVSHNWLY\ SURWRåH MLå GQHV
PiPH QD GRKOHG OHWRSRþW\ NXOPLQD
FH VYČWRYp WČåE\ URS\ ]HPQtKR SO\QX
DXKOtNWHUpE\SĜtURGDPRKOD]WOHMtFt
ELRPDV\]QRYXY\WYiĜHWDOHVþDVRYRX
SHUVSHNWLYRXPQRKDPLOLRQĤOHW.G\å
VLWRWRXYČGRPtPHGĜtYHQHERSR]GČML
QDVWDQH~WOXPUR]YRMHVSROHþQRVWLDQD
P\VOVHYQXFXMtWĜHEDW\WRRWi]N\
‡ -VPH SĜLSUDYHQL QD RNDPåLN NG\
GRMGHURSD]HPQtSO\QDWDNpXKOt"
‡ 3ĜHåLMH OLGVWYR PRPHQW OLNYLGDFH
]iVREIRVLOQtFK]GURMĤ]H]HPVNpNĤU\"
‡&REXGHSRWRP"
7DNRYpWRYWtUDYpRWi]N\E\PČO\]D
MtPDWQHMHQIXWXURORJ\DOHNDåGpKRSĜH
PêãOLYpKR þORYČND 9 WRPWR NRQWH[WX
]DXMtPDMt VSHFL¿FNp LQWHUGLVFLSOLQiUQt
SRVWDYHQt RERU\ FKHPLH FKHPLFNp
WHFKQRORJLH D SURFHVQtKR LQåHQêUVWYt
QHERĢSĜHNOHQXMtDYê]QDPQČVHXSODW
ĖXMt Y PQRKD RERUHFK OLGVNp þLQQRVWL
]DMLãĢXMtFtNDåGRGHQQtSRWĜHE\RGELR
PHGLFtQ\DåSRGLVWULEXFLHQHUJLH
3URWRVLQDSĜtãWČPXVtPHSĜHGVWDYLW
åH YHãNHUp EXGRXFt YêUREN\ PRKRX
SRþtWDWMHQVGĤVOHGQRXUHF\NODFtDRE
QRYLWHOQêPL XKOtNDWêPL VXURYLQRYêPL
]GURML SUR FKHPLFNê SUĤP\VO NWHUê
MDNE\ORMLå]PtQČQRYêãHMHGQR]QDþQČ
SRGSRUXMHYãHFKQ\KRVSRGiĜVNpUHVRU
W\QH]E\WQpSURFKRGNDåGpUR]YLQXWp
VSROHþQRVWL
'UXKp SDUDGLJPD VRXþDVQRVWL
V\VWpP\REQRYLWHOQpHQHUJLH
7HUPtQÄREQRYLWHOQp]GURMHHQHUJLH³
þDVWRXåLYåLWi]NUDWND2=(NWHUêVH
GRQDãHKRåLYRWDSRNUDGPRYORXGLOMH
]I\]LNiOQtKRSRKOHGXDEVROXWQtQHVP\
VO QHERĢ MLå QD ]iNODGQtFK ãNROiFK VH
PDOêP åiNĤP Y\VYČWOXMH åH HQHUJLH
QHY]QLNi QH]DQLNi MHQ VH SĜHPČĖXMH
= JOREiOQtKR SRKOHGX SODQHW\ =HPČ
D SRPLQHPHOL PDOê GtO JHRWHUPiOQt
HQHUJLH NWHUi MH VDPR]ĜHMPČ URYQČå
RPH]HQiSRFKi]tYHãNHUiSURQiVGR
VWXSQiHQHUJLHSRX]H]SRYUFKX6OXQ
FH7RVHWêNiQHMHQSĜtPpKRHQHUJHWLF
NpKRWRNXNWHUêLWDNEXGHYSUĤEČKX
YêYRMH 6OXQFH FRE\ MDNpVL SUĤPČUQp
KYČ]G\ YH YHVPtUX D WXGtå L VOXQHþQt
VRXVWDY\ SURPČQOLYê RYãHP Y þDVRYp
ãNiOHPLOLDUGOHWYL]GiOHDOHLSĜHPČ
Q\HQHUJHWLFNpKRWRNX]H6OXQFHQDW\WR
SURFHV\
‡SRK\EDWPRVIpU\YČWUQiHQHUJLH
‡NROREČKYRG\SRGORåHQêMHMtPLIi
]RYêPLSĜHPČQDPLYRGQtHQHUJLH
‡ IRWRV\QWp]X RUJDQLFNêFK XKOtND
WêFK ELRPDWHULiOĤ URVWOLQ\ GĜHYR
SĜHPČQLWHOQêFK DQDHUREQtP SURFHVHP
QDIRVLOLHXKOtURSD]HPQtSO\Q
=iNODGQt UR]SRU YêYRMH SURFHVĤ
YSĜtURGČDYHNRQRPLFN\PRWLYRYDQp
VSRWĜHEČ VSRþtYi Y NDUGLQiOQČ UR]GtO
QpPþDVRYpPPČĜtWNXSURFHVĤWUDQVIRU
PDFHDNROREČKXXKOtNX]Qi]RUQČQpP
QDREUi]NX1DãHQiURþQČQHVNURPQi
D QHGRVWDWHþQČ SRNRUQi OLGVNi FLYLOL
]DFHYSRVOHGQtFKGYRXVWDOHWtFKWHQWR
NROREČK Yê]QDPQČ SRUXãLOD 9åG\Ģ
SRGtO þDVRYêFK NRQVWDQW ]XKHOQDWČQt
ELRORJLFNpKRPDWHULiOXQDIRVLOQtVXUR
YLQ\XKOtNXDSURFHVXIRWRV\QWp]\þLQt
PLQLPiOQČ
6RXþDVQp WUHQG\ YH Y\XåtYiQt HQHU
JLH Y MDNpNROLY SRGREČ QHMVRX WHG\
GORXKRGREČYĤEHFXGUåLWHOQp3UREOpP
QHQtMHQWHFKQLFNêQHERELODQþQtDOHMH
SĜHGHYãtPHQYLURQPHQWiOQtHNRQRPLF
NêDYê]QDPQČWDNpVRFLiOQt
$QL WHUPRQXNOHiUQt I~]H QHQt REHF
QêP ĜHãHQtP QHERĢ QD FKHPLFNRX
WHFKQRORJLL EXGH NOiVW YHOPL Y\VRNp
QiURN\DĜDGDSUREOpPĤ]ĤVWiYiQHY\
ĜHãHQDPDVLYQtSURGXNFHSDOLYD±WČå
NêFK L]RWRSĤ YRGtNX D PLPRĜiGQČ
RGROQêFKPDWHULi1HO]HRGVXQRXWGR
SR]DGtYêYRMGDOãtFKQH]E\WQêFKWHFK
QRORJLt SUR UHF\NODFH YãHFK GDOãtFK
SUYNĤ UR]SWêOHQêFK GR Y\VORXåLOêFK
DRGSDGQtFKSĜHGPČWĤOLGVWYD
/LGVWYR RG SUYRSRþiWNX QRYRYČNX
VSRMRYDORVYĤMUR]YRMVY\QiOH]\NWHUp
E\O\ PRWLYRYiQ\ VQDKRX R SRKRGOQČM
ãt åLYRW SRGOH KHVOD ÄOHQRVW MH K\EQi
VtODSRNURNX³.WRPXVHXYČWãLQ\OLGt
SĜLGDOD DEVROXWQt DEVHQFH VNURPQRVWL
QH~FW\ N SĜtURGČ D QHGRVWDWHN SRNR
U\ 3ĜtãWt QiVOHGQp JHQHUDFH VRXþDVQê
åLYRWQt VW\O QHSRFK\EQČ RGVRXGt MDNR
UR]PDĜLOêDFKDPWLYê
3RNUDþRYiQtSĜtãWČ

Podobné dokumenty

Stáhnout aktuální číslo Valašského chemika.

Stáhnout aktuální číslo Valašského chemika. äHQ\Y\KUiO\$1

Více

Stáhnout aktuální číslo Valašského chemika.

Stáhnout aktuální číslo Valašského chemika. 9$/$ä6.ë&+(0,.  Y\FKi]tMHGQRX  PęVtĀQę 2GSRYęGQiUHGDNWRUND  ,QJ0LULDP.$//(529É  WHOĀ  HPDLOPNDOOHURYD#GH]DF] 5HGDNWRUND

Více

Stáhnout aktuální číslo Valašského chemika.

Stáhnout aktuální číslo Valašského chemika. FKi]tQDSOQRGRURNX7RE\O\KODYQtGĤYRG\SURþ VHQHSRGDĜLORNROHNWLYQtY\MHGQiYiQtXNRQþLWGR9iQRF DY\MHGQiYiQtPXVHODSRNUDþRYDWLYOHGQX 'QH    E\OD ]iVWXSFĤP RGERUĤ...

Více

červenec 2012

červenec 2012 daleko. Při příjezdu do lesa začaly první problémy. Technika místy zapadala do písku, plocha požáru byla obrovská a dosud nezmapovaná, množství křižovatek a nejrůznějších odboček po lese bylo takřk...

Více

HOT MELT brožura Therm-O-Flow

HOT MELT brožura Therm-O-Flow 9DãHPDOpDVWĜHGQtSUiFH VKRWPHOWRYêPLOHSLGO\ .RQVWUXNþQČSĜLSUDYHQ\NDSOLNDFtYRVNĤWPHOĤDOHSLGHO VHãLURNêPUR]VDKHPWDYtFtFKWHSORWDYLVNR]LW

Více