Health - otázka z angličtiny (2) + vocabulary - Anglictina

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Health - otázka z angličtiny (2) + vocabulary - Anglictina
Health - otázka z angličtiny (2) + vocabulary
www.studijni-svet.cz / Anglictina-maturita.cz - http://anglictina-maturita.cz
Otázka: Health
Jazyk: Angličtina
Přidal(a): J.radova
The human body is constantly being attacked by many different kinds of bacteria, viruses and other
microorganisms. Thanks to the progress in medicine and technology we are able to prevent, control and
treat many diseases so we can help ourselves to be fit, healthy and what is most important - alive.
What to do to keep healthy?
Our health mostly rely on our lifestyle and the best way to avoid health problems is prevention.
We should:
practise, do some sports
it's not necessary to do some boring exercises, playing some sports game two times a week
is enough and moreover -- it can be fun
eat healthy
avoid fat and junk food from fastfoods, eat more fruit and vegetables, eat regularly
sleep sufficiently
eight to nine hours of sleep for adult
be in the fresh air
avoid stress, cigarettes, drugs and so on
positive attitude to life
Everybody in our counry has the right to choose a doctor and many people go to one family
doctor. At present two types of health facilities operate in this country:state ones and private ones.
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Health - otázka z angličtiny (2) + vocabulary
www.studijni-svet.cz / Anglictina-maturita.cz - http://anglictina-maturita.cz
Medical care in our contry is provided for our citizens from birth to death.
We can also improve our natural defence system with vaccines. A vaccine is an antigenic
preparation used to establish immunity to a disease. We are ussualy vaccinated preventively
mostly against some ordinary children's diseases during our childhood although It's not bad idea to
get vaccinated against other diseases especially when you go abroad. After birht each child is
vaccinated agains such ilnesses as tuberculosis, diptheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio and
later smallpox. Due to vaccination and better hygiene these ilnesses have either disappeared or are
not fatal any more.
Each school child is under medical supervision which means that he or she has to undergo a series
of preventive medical and dental check ups where his body is examinated, his teeth checked and
eyesight checked.
Health care for adult
When we grow out of our children’s deseases such as a cold, otitis,measles,mumps, rubeol or chicken-pox
we not have to go to the doctor so often. If we are not hypochondriacs we try to get over our cold easily
by standing in bed, taking pilss, keeping warm, sweating, garling and drinking herbal tea with honey or
lemon. But sometimes if a patient is trying to overcome a feverish sickness without staying in bed and
curing it properly, he takes a risk, as the ilness often leaves very dangerous aftereffects.
Seeing a doctor
If we still feel unwell, we finally decide to see a physician who is called a General Practitioner(GP). It’s
better to make appointment with the doctor in his surgery time(during his office hours) if we want to
avoid long waiting in the waiting room which is often crowded. The nurse say: “Next, please and invite
us into the consulting room. The nurse has to look for our medical record and wants to see our insurance
card and then takes our temperature. Then we are ready to enter the surgery (consulting room).
Doctor’s examination
The doctor usually asks what the trouble is and its not good to hold back information. Then he asks us to
strip to the waist because he or she must examine our chest and throat. The doctor wants to know if we
have a temperature, a good appetite and where we feel pain. Then he or she listens to our lungs and heard
and we have to take a deep breath or stop breathing according to his orders. Sometimes he or she check
the blood pressure and feels the pulse or takes the blood count. Finally the doctor diagnosis the case and
prescribes some medicine. At the chemists (pharmacy) we get antibiotocs, vitamines, pain relievers or
some herbal tee.
In more serious cases or if we get injured we can call the doctor to our room. Sometimes we may be taken
to hospital by an ambulance. In case of unconsciousness or heart attack the patient is sput on a stretcher.
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Health - otázka z angličtiny (2) + vocabulary
www.studijni-svet.cz / Anglictina-maturita.cz - http://anglictina-maturita.cz
Fatal illnesses like cancer or AIDS are incurable so far. But the best way to cure yourself of a disease is
not to catch it, because prevention is better than cure. We can keep our health by physical training,
hardening our body, through sport and sofficient sleep.
Deseases
Various bacteria and microorganisms are dangerous invaders, attempting to weaken and destroy our body.
Our contemporary world is constantly bringing new diseases. We can devide them into several categories:
common illnesses
diseases of civilisation
(gruesome) serious diseases
Common illnesses are for example flu, cold, headache, tootache or tonsillitis and we can discern them
with various symptoms like temperature, perspiration, torpidity, pains, etc. It should be no problem to
cure them with help of our natural defence system. Among more serious illnesses are measles, chicken
pox, mumps, diptheria, whooping cough, polio, ..¨
Deseases of civilisation are diseases that appear to increase in frequency as countries become more
industrialized and people live longer. They include Alzheimer's disease, migraines, depression, obesity
and many others.
And finaly we should mention some serious diseases: leukaemia, AIDS, heart attacks, cancer. Some of
them are unfortunately incurable.
All these diseases have one common thing -- we should visit our doctor right away. In the case of a
serious illness, an ambulance takes us to the hospital.
Medical care in the Czech republic
Medical care in the Czech rep. with recent reform of public health service is not as free of charge as it
was. Recently we had to pay a small charge every time we see a doctor but this law was cancelled. We
had to pay for prescriptions, stay in hospitals and medicines although some of them could be entirely paid
by insurance company.
Our medical system includes first aid, antenatal checkups, maternity ward services, social care up to old
age, GPs, treatment in hospitals and spas, old people's homes and many others.
Life expectancy grows along with awareness of medical care, quality of doctors and number of hospitals.
Unfortunately these characteristics vary from state to state and that's why it's very important where you
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Health - otázka z angličtiny (2) + vocabulary
www.studijni-svet.cz / Anglictina-maturita.cz - http://anglictina-maturita.cz
live.
Health is one of the most important things in our lives and that's why not all gone for nothing when we
wish one another good health.
Diseases and their symptoms
flu
pneumonia
rheumatism
chicken pox
mumps
headache, fever, cough, sneezing
dry cough, high fever, chest pain, rapid breathing
swollen, painful joins, limited movement
rash starting on body, raised temperature
earache, pain on eating
Specialisation
general practitioner
surgeon
dentist
ophtalmologist
ear and troat specialist
paediatrist
gynaecologist
psychiatrist
Vocabulary
puchýř
modřina
vyrážka
svědění
bolest v krku
průjem
špatné trávení
plané neštovice
neštovice
příušnice
spalničky
spála
zarděnky
zápal plic
tuberkolóza
blister
bruise
rash
itch
sore throat
diarrhoea
indigestion
chicken pox
small pox
mumps
measles
scarlet fever
rubella
pneumonia
tuberculosis
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Health - otázka z angličtiny (2) + vocabulary
www.studijni-svet.cz / Anglictina-maturita.cz - http://anglictina-maturita.cz
záškrt
diphtheria
obrna
polio
zánět průdušek
bronchitis
chřipka
influenza, flu
angína
tonsillitis
žloutenka
chronic hepatitis
nachlazení
cold
kašel
cough
černý kašel
whooping cough
revma
rheumatism
cukrovka
diabetes
astma
asthma
alergie
allergy
rakovina
cancer
úpal
sunburn
zhorš. dýchání
breathless
monokl
black eye
omdlení
faint
krevní tlak
blood pressure
mast
ointment
sádra
bondage
chirurg
surgeon
obvodní lékař
GP - general practitioner
játra
liver
plíce
lung
střeva
intestines
ledvina
kidney
žaludek
stomach
kotník
ankle
kolena
knees
zápěstí
wrist
ramena
shoulders
hrudník
chest
lýtko
calf
stehna
thights
lékárna
pharmacy (chemist's)
horečka
fever
having regular check - ups - pravidelné zdravotní prohlídky
getting enough sleep - hodně spaní
cycling - jízda na kole
skipping - skákání
body - building - posilování, kulturistika
injury - zranění
hip - kyčel
ankle - kotník
disc - ploténka
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Health - otázka z angličtiny (2) + vocabulary
www.studijni-svet.cz / Anglictina-maturita.cz - http://anglictina-maturita.cz
ribs - žebra
muscle - sval
ligament - vaz
knee - koleno
back - záda
wrist - zápěstí
sprain - vymknout, udělat si výron
dislocate - vyhození (ploténky)
twist - podvrknout
pull - natáhnout, namoci (sval)
fracture - zlomenina
bruise - modřina, podlitina
graze - zavadit o, škrábnutí
slip - klouzat, vyklouznout
tear,tore, torn - natrhnout
put out - namoci (záda)
sling - šátek na závěs
antiseptic - dezinfekce
plaster - náplast
rest - klid
pain killers - léky proti bolesti (analgetika)
ambulance - záchranka
wound - rána
bleeding - krvácení
ice cube - kostka ledu
fatal illness - nevyléčitelná nemoc
common - běžný
measles - spalničky
tonsilitis - angína
cancer - rakovina
rheumatism - revma
bronchitis - zánět průdušek
flu - chřipka
diarrhoea - průjem
stroke - mrtvice
cough - kašel
arthritis - artritida
food poisonning - otrava jídlem
chicken pox - plané neštovice
pneumonia - zánět plic
migraine - migréna
hearth attack - infarkt
lumbago - houser
appendicitis - slepák
sore throat - bolení v krku
toothache - bolest zubů
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Health - otázka z angličtiny (2) + vocabulary
www.studijni-svet.cz / Anglictina-maturita.cz - http://anglictina-maturita.cz
indigestion - špatné trávení
cholera - cholera
surgeon ward - chirurgické oddělení
pill - prášek
nurse - sestra
operating theatre - operační sál
maternity ward - porodní oddělení
GP (general practiton) - praktický lékař
bandage - obvaz
midwife - porodní asistentka
casualty - zraněný, oběť
outpatiens - ambulantní léčení
X - ray - rentgen
surgery - chirurgie
mumps - příušnice
rubeola - zarděnky
scarlet fever - spála
to be a scarlet fever carrier - být nositelem spály
otitis - zánět středního ucha
vaccination certifikate - očkovací průkaz
tuberculosis - tuberkulóza
tetanus - tetanus
polio - obrna
smallpox - neštovice
diptheria - záškrt
whooping cough - černý kašel
rabiez - vzteklina
occupanional diseases - nemoci z povolání
to have a cold - být nachlazený
to cough - kašlat
bronchitis - bronchitida
be hoarse - chraptět
lack of apetite - nechutenství
vomit - zvracet
heartburn - pálení žáhy
nausea - navalovat se
indigestion - špatné trávení
constipation - zácpa
ulcer - vřed (žaludeční)
bilious attack - žlučníkový záchvat
jaundice - žloutenka
backache - bolení zad
slipped disc - vyhřeznutá ploténka
earache - bolest ucha
encephalitis - zánět mozkových blan
be dizzy - mít závratě
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Health - otázka z angličtiny (2) + vocabulary
www.studijni-svet.cz / Anglictina-maturita.cz - http://anglictina-maturita.cz
veneral disease - pohlavní nemoc
typhoid fever - tyfózní horečka
plague - mor
mental disordes - mentální poruchy
nervous breakdown - nervové zhroucení
stress - stres
depression - deprese
insomnia - nespavost
suffer from nerves - nervové poruchy
diseases of the blood system - nemoci krevního oběhu
high blood pressure - vysoký krevní tlak
a heart attack - srdeční záchvat, infarkt
anaemia - chudokrevnost
leukaemia - leukémie
varicose veins - křečové žíly
skin diseases - kožní choroby
rash - vyrážka
acne - akné
eczema - ekzém
itch - svrab
pimples - pupínky
scurvy - kurděje
defective hearing - špatný sluch
allergy - alergie
overweight - nadváha
asthma - astma
diabetes - cukrovka
malignat tumours - zhoubný nádor
drug addiction - drogová závislost
drug addict - narkoman
addiction to alcohol - závislost na alkoholu
die of an overdose - předávkování
break the habit - abstinovat, absťák
hectic life style - uspěchaný životní styl
lack of vitamins - nedostatek vitamínů
polluted environment - znečištěné životní prostředí
unhealthy daily - nezdravý denní režim
insufficient sleep - nedostatek spánku
overworked - PŘEPRACOVANÝ
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