- @ Orsersre Ha Bonpocbl noTeKcry

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- @ Orsersre Ha Bonpocbl noTeKcry
Maprrrn Eeapyxux, Aercruii Snsnolor,
AHpeKTop ÝIHcrr,l,ryra Bo3pacT-
troii snsuo"rorrar.r Poccuiícxoň aKaAeMuI{ ooparonaHna. Blt6op rar_
pyulK],l [Ie MoXeT 6ltrs Áejtotl,t pogure,neň. Hatu poAn,renb eille 6olee
6esrpauo,reH, qeM Mnrlltcrepcrso o6pasoBaHlr.g,
3a poAI,ITeIIMII, Ho MuHuMeÁ}.IullHcKuM MI,IHI,IcTepcTBoM
Aarul leoprnernv. fl Ayuarc, vro nsldop
cTepcTBo o6paaonaHuí BMecTe c
troJlxl,Ir,l uNteTb ilpaBo Ha aHTupeK.nauy lrcdstx ilIpyuleK,
r.\
(CreuoIparuur"r npecc_xoHseperuffi pa,ul|o <oxo MocxlbI>, 13 Horopa 2002
oTKa3aTbc.fl oT oueHoK I1o My3blKe, pI4coBaH}.llo n
Qnsrcyllrype. ilpeauer 6yAer oue}{I4BaTbcrI npocTo: ((3aqeT> -- <<He 3aqeT>. Peuleuue craBI4Tb |^]1l4 {eT OUe IKI'I nO TP M nPeAMe'raM, nPllHI{MaIOT
yqerIL{KI4 vI
po!'vlenv. Ilocle Toro KaK
u]Ko.llbl onpeAenqTcJl
YqHTeJI-q,
I,1
BbIcKa-
)KyT cBoI4 MHeHilq, AaHHbIe 6yayr npeacTaBJleH},t n Mnuo6pa3oBaHl,I9,
Toru,a cTaHeT qcHo: 6sIts oueHKaM
I4.IIH HeT.
(IIPABAA.Py)
@ rro
gro ona.{nr?
oTII4qHl{K
xopoltl14cT
2.
O
Hyx<rrbr JIt4 oqeHKIt
B
IIIKoJIe?
-
npoqrara re rexcr
__
soo6ule,
!,alero Áo TeX BpůMeH, KofAa ts llIKo,,Ie oTMeHqT oueHKH
uuoň cno,rro6lt
xaxotž-ro
npI4AyMaJII,í
BHaqzue
KaK MI4HI4MyI\4 HyXHo,
noKa3aTeJlb
n
AeíTenbHo_
co6 orqera yvltrcleii ilepeA aAMl,íHl4cTpauneň
KaK
c,rl4 [tKo,,IbI B LleJIoM. iloxa xe H Iqelo ny{lllerc He IIpI4AWuuI4,
yttl,ITenfl
B
y
TaKoto-To
MoII,
oueHoK:
AenaTb 3To I{]rreHHO c lloMolublo
KllaccecTollbKo-Toa!IlČIu.I!ša!l'txopoilI4cToB,acToJIbKo-To.[BoeqHH.
KoB 14 lpo 5EuKaE, 3HarlI4T - xopolilo pa6oraer yql,ITenb I{JI]4 n;Ioxo,
Tu*r* ó6puao" .ueHK!' BJII4rrcT Ha pe'oM. sceň uIxo,'lt llt s toť1 u*u
qro taxoň cno_
ttuotž ctenetjl.í Ha 3apnnaTy KaxAoIo yt{I4Ten . flou,atuo,
co6 s o6il{ev-ro ueo6leKTI{BeH:
c
oAgotž cTopoHbl, yql4Ten}o I,IHoIAa
rIy)KHonocTatsI,t.I.byqeHuKJ3aHI,{XeHHy}ooueHl(yBAI4AaKTI4qecK}lxue6yAer uuož
IIAI, a c lpyroli cTopoHbl, neÁafol nopoň 6eccosuarelsHo
oueHoK
cI4cTeMy
pa:] oueHI(I4 3aBbIIIIaTb. floHqruo, vro Qopul.tpoBaTb
ilpoil{e i]cero
no
xóncrolž 6u,rsbt
{a.ltI4tII41o
-
-
caA}Icb, ABa,
A
@
o6pa:loRannrl peKoMeIIIta,I.eJIb}lble nhcbMa, í] KoTopblx rlpeAnoxe}{o
peHoMe
sy6pnlxa
MuHo6pasoBaHvrl
Ha Bonpocbl
noTeKcry
3a.lela HyxHbI oqeHxu?
9ro npeAnafaeT MIaHo6pa:oBaHI4, BMecTo oqerIox?
eaure MHeHile
. 9To oueHnBaeT oueuxa?
. Kaxnu o6pasou oueHKa MoxeT 6urs crnuyJloM K yve6e?
. CqntaeTcr, q,ro neAarolu npeBpaTI4JIIl oueHKy B cynepueH-
Ha
caMoMAene.raKoeMexaH!,rtlecKoe3a[oMI,IHaHI,{eHI4KaK}recTI,IMynI,{pyeT
pa3BHTue JIOrI{KI4 I,I íHTeJlneKra, Ho s}r6pn,nxa B 3ToM cnyqae uMeeT
6o:tlnte lilaHcoB CTa,Ib oTJIH9rtrlKoM, qeM ToT, xro AeňcrsilTeJ]bHo MHo_
ro 3Hae,t, 2l l.flaBHoe, Ilonb3yeTcrl 3IlaI{I4,tMI4 pa3yMHo,
Mnno6pa:otlatt[l. Poccnn pa3ocnaJlo o6lacrgltu AeilapTaMe lTaM
94
^
^
lK
.uBoeI{H
@ Orsersre
(rarruuecrulx :Haltnň: iloMHI,IllIb aary Kyrrn-
Mo"]]oAeu, flrlTb, He IIoMHI4lub
TpoeqHI,iK
.
.
HocTb, npaKTl4qecKu e.tI,HHcTBeHHoe Mepl,ílo cnocooHocrelt
14 IzHTeJl,leKTa yqeHI4Ka, I,I s pesyllrare y.le6ultž npoqecc
nocTeIleHHo BblpoxAaeTc.g B noroHrc sa 6arllauu 6yrlallHo
lto6oň ueHoň. 9ro sst o6 srolvl ,uyuaere?
9to
BbI
AyMaeTe o 3aH},IxeHHbIx oueHKaX, [ocTaBIeHHbIX yt17
Te.IIeM B,&I4AaKTI4qecKL{x qertflx?
-
Ecrl MHeHHe, qTo oueHKa gBr.AeTcrl cI4MtsoJIoM onpeAeneHuolž glacr1,I ileÁarora HaA yqeHuKopr, cnoco6oM I-IaKa3aHHq, a
}{e
uHcTpyMe}t,IoM I\uI\aKTIlK l.
Bstcraxltre Ba[Je
MHeHI4e.
95
.
flo
HnKa. a no KaKuM
.
@
ytleKaKI,tM npeÁMe,TaM, Ha Balrl ts3rn9A, I-|yX}{o ouer{I,1Btl'I,b
t{eT?
KaK HyxHo oueHI4BaTb yqauerocrl?
@ npovrara
PasHHeMHeHtac
JlroArvrnla flyrnHa, nepBaf jleAu cTpaHu. HyxHo BbIcTpoI4Tb cI4cTeMy
,raxuna o6pasou, qro6lt I4cKJI}oqI4Tb cy6r,exruaoue}IK I sHaHI,Ili
Hltň {tarrop. flo cyru, 3To ncHxoJlolt4qecKoe AaBIeHL{e rla nereiá.
Y pe6nr u3_3a oueHoK no 3TI4M npeÁMeTaM 3aqacTylo Bo3ItuKaOt
KoMnJIeKcbI. flaoHoe, qroolt peíqTa no]l}^{aJlI4 yAoBonbcTBI4e oT
npoqecca o6yveHun.
paAocTb y AcA.nexcefi Maxapon, }^{rregb Qusxyrrrryplt. ilocleAglorc
__
cyn 6es colu, pa_
refi oruuruyT. (Dlr3BocnI,IT,aHI,íe 6es oueHrla
6ora 6es 3apnnaTbl. !4r vrHortlx <(nqTepKl,l> no ón3KynbType, Myí yAo_
3bIKe lI I43o 6urru eAI,íHcTBeHHo AocTyIIHbIMI{ 14 npl4Hocl,ín
BoJIbcTB Ie.
I;Ipuna 3nuonlera, ytlrnTeJlb My3bIxJ| IIIKoJIbl
N9 6. fl
KaTeIopHqecKI4
npoTI{B. Hertlsrl o,rMeHI4Tb cTI4Myn x yue6e, Msl oqeHusaeM
My3bIK UIbHsIe cnoco6HocTl,I, a yMeHI4e pa6orarr,,
FIe
TatlrHa Cyxona, 3aBeA5/rouaí xa6nrrerou ucKyccTB HHcTnTyra ycoBepqeM qTo_To oTN{eHgTb, cJIeAyeT
[IeIIcTBoBaHux ytu:releň. fIpexae
npeÁJIoxI,ITb aJIbTepHaTuny. Kax }{aAo oueHl,tsars? KoHerIHo xe,
uHÁl4B|^AyaJIbHo, B cooTBeTcTBHIa c yc[IexaMl4,
(IrPABAA.Py)
@ KsaueMycBe4eHnK)
Clrc,reua uIKoJlbHbIx oTMeToK cyilIecTByeT n Poccnu nclqrr,l l70
BMecTo
_ner. flocle peBonIolu4l.{ l917 rola oTMe,I,KLl 6u;tta orueueHbI:
Bxo]lHJIa
6altlon ytl4Ten.g cocTaBnqJlil XapaKTeptIcTI4Kl,t, ts KoTopble
H ,I,o;]bKo aKaAeMilqecKa, ycneBaeMoc,Ib, Ho !1 lloBeAeltne, Tarzrl
c!ícTeMa /teiac,rBona;ta no l939 ro.1a.
(lenta.ru, 30 rrrc,rx 2004 r.)
,lí.
3. HyxHa ilv
re
[IKoJIbHan Qopua?
rercr
Bce poAnreI,, KoHe(I}lo xe, ilpeKpacl{o I'.MFI'T
cBoll Il]Ko,.bt{blc
follbl, TocKJILlBHe cVHVe KocT}oMbl-/lrotžxtt y Manbqlz
KoB, qonopHble
Kopl.lqHeBble nJIaTbrl c 6e.nultn MaHxeTaMLI, qepHble
n 6elr,te óápryKI,I y AeBOqex. Xopouto tIOM}{L{TcrI, qro
o6fl:aHno"ro no"rro lI]KoJIb^
Hyto $oplry BocTopra cPeÁn yqaunxc, }le BbI3bIBuUla.
Xorq crlpaBelul14BocTI,I pa,{ 1 cTouT 3aMeTlITb, qro B 80-x
roAax oco6olt crpbrocrlr n
oÁexne ilKolIbHI,IKoB yxe ne 6lt,ro. Ma,rrqnxn cpeAHllx
KIaccoB, He
loBopfl yxe o cTapUeKJIaccHI{KaX, MomH HaÁeBaTb
r] LIKolIy o6ltxHo-
BeH}IbIe KocTIoMbI, B,IoM ql4cIe H c x|4rleTonr.
llx l"oou"*
ruRetžnste
$a6pnrra u]HIH nnaTrrr ll SapryKL{ pal]Jl}.IqHux
Qacouots H tloKpoelJ,
Ho
ToJIbKo oAHoIo uBeTa, TeMHo-KoPI4qHeBoro
c Pa3HbIM14 oT-IeHKaM14.
[IPoqecc AeMoKpaT I3auI,I14 tIIKolIbHoli o4exÁll
Haqzulcrl H3H}TpI{,
6ltlu Heo.xoAltMbl r]epeMeHbl. B I9g2."ov rp"orrino lloAIHa-rI
yHbtno-onnHaKotsar{ (iopva B ilKoJIax
6r,r,ra o$uq"-oiro oTI\.leHeHa
pocTKa^,í
focyAapCTBeHHbIMH opfaHaM l{ yflpa BneH
u
9.
14
rraqa,rrocl, BpeM,
_
Be_,ttl
xož ex,rerrurcu,>. 3anpeT cHrT, xoAHTL MoxFIo B lIeM yroAHo,
lnrus
6lt
OÁexla dstrta .ll.{crolž. OAHaxo oKa3žulocÉ,, u.ro ru*o,l,i 'nlňárrru
ru*_
xe I4MeeT cBoI4 MuHyCu. lloapoc,xtl 6olr,ruyio qacTb cl]oefo
BpeMe l1,I
npoBoArrT B cTeliax ilKollbl, H LlM oTHloAb }{e
Bce paBHo, B tIeM npeAcTaTr, nepe,{ oA IoKIaccH}lKaM},I. VpoÁure;telž
norsiLlacb ItOBa, IolIoB:
naq 6ols, Ro3PocnH rpe6oraHna aóret Kyn}rTb
Houltii HaprA, IlpnqeM
ne lrc6oli, a ts cooTBeTcTtsu|]í C BeflHllgMu MoAr,t.
Onrlrb *",
Bclro HeAeJIIo B l]lKony B o/{r{oM 1.1 ToM )Ke
HapflAe Henpl,íJtl,ít{Ho, ^oflrrro
TaK xe
KaK 14 ua pa6ory. Tax ,Iro r}nuaucousle 3aTpaTbI
Ha u]KoJIy cKopee
Bo3pocJql{, treM yMeHbilIl4IlvICb. Hap.axalcr,
í] l,tIKoJIy, AeTH fl2ng66 11g
Bcel]Aa pyKoBollcTBylo1.c.s qyBcTBoM Mepbl,
BbIfJTrAl.tT oqeHb He 3c.reTllqrlo, MJIIKo
KoB II.,,IBi4Jlacb
<(M.AA)>
xoAlt,Tb Ha
14
<(KIQ_ěQ__YTQ.JQ!|!!JA>
roBopr. n xoHue 90-* y
ypoK'
I]
<,
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cIIopTl.{Brlr,lx xoctv;1,1ax.
f[it,
aro yIo6no, TonbKo Bo,r ypoKl,I
Qu:ry;rlrypbl H jlllTepalypbl
3To rle
o,|I,Ilo lI roxe. llcuxoJlortrr, pa3MLIlIJJIrtrl
Ha TeMy coul'žulbHolo
Hepa*
Be {c'rBa, cLl}4T'aK)T, LITo o-fc]yT.cT.nrre eitunoli
turo;Ilrtoli (lop1,1sl TolIbK()
[o/lqepK}lBaeT 3To He_paBcFIcTBo, C;loBolt, He
l]polilno 14 Áecfl,l.l{ JleI..
KaK npo
7 lll]
''rKonb
{ylo Qopuy c}IoRa BcIIoMrínJll,t. PerueHtle sr.oti
axr.y-
97
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anbHol,i npo6neMbl oKa3alocb AoBoJIbHo cJlox}IbIM il ÁJIfl ceMbn, }LJlr,
poccl..tilcroii
perna_
He
oeAepaunu
tuKoJIbl. ÓoroH o6 o6pa:louauttn>
ypoBMe rTI4pyeT 3,IOT Bollpoc }tH Ha ropoAcKoM, Hn r{a r|e4epa,rlHoM
'He. PerueHile BBoÁI,lTb vtv He BBoAI,ITb yHI4óopMy IIo"IHocTb}o nphHaA-
Huxo,naň. /|yuarc, rfiopva AI4cIllIIIJIt{ lr.rpyer.aerež.
Ho oHa He ÁoJl)KHa
l4x HuBulLlpol]aTb,
y6nuars B
Llt4x L1,I7)Iv|BI4AyanbHoc.rr,. Boo6u{e,
ÁyMal,o, ltIKOrbHa, $opnaa /lonx}"Ia 6l'trs no ce3ol{y.
.fl
Ie)KnT [IKonbI{oIž aAMI,rH l4cTpauhu.
(Ioaua JIu. CapaSan, cerrrr6pr 2003 r,)
3ro He Ao_nxeH 6urs qe,fKo pelJIaMeHtnponaunsll)i KocTtoM"*-a*of""
uro
AoIXeH 6ltr.l npocro KoMIIJIeKT u_txo,rsnoti ofle)Qlbl
u"""""yupon,
@ lro9To3HaquT?
)feTl,l
ce6e oAex</Iy no cBoeMy BKycy.
MoxHo Aaxe BtsecTH HecKoJIbKo
urolrnož r|opusl, .rro6lt
B llIKoJIe,
IonoBHaí 6onb
Ha Bonpocbl no TeKcTy
(D gaure
.
.
.
Bo
6ltrl
Bo3HI4K Bonpoc o llJKoJIbHoň (Popue?
oAer pe6eHoK s urrorte?
KaK, no-BaileMy, llIKoJIbHafl Soprr,ra BJIHffeT ua yve6y pe6eHKa, ero noseAeHl,Ie?
KTo AoJIxeH petrrl,{Tb Bonpoc o [lIKoJIbHoň oAexÁe pe6euxa?
MI,IHaHHí
o
cJIoBaMI4 y Hac cBfl3aHbl Bocno_
KopI4qHeBbIx II.IIaTbíx M ooqsareJlbHblx nepeAH}IKax.
14 Hlrxaxnx 6prox Alyt AeBoqeK. Ceňqac Qopua 6olee AeMoKpaTilqHa. V rraoeň Aoqepl4 B ee rI,IMHa3I4I4 llocTaToqno I,IMeTb nI{AxaK
.tepHblň,
lrc6oro TeMHoro usera (:efleHslň, 6opAoBbl |, cvHvi^,
ceprrž). Eproxlr pa3pe[IeHbl lrc6lte, KpOMe AxilHcoB, B nplrrrunne, SoPtrla Hyx ta yxe 3aTeM, ,{ro6u rle oTBIeKaTb MaIbt{uKoB oT
yue6u s seceuHI,íň ilepuoÁ rlBeTe}{14rt lleBI4IIbHx Ho)KeK, nonoK
qto6sI IloM}lI4Tb,
xutsoll,lKoB. A AenclqxaM oHa HyxHa Á]Ilr loto,
q,ro celoA t, T,bl tlotrle.tt n -urcGlluyn lllKoJly",
1,I
9f]
2003 r.)
4. Hprcro
JIII pa3AeJlbHoe o6yqeHl{e
@ npovrara
.re
B
IIIKoJIe?
rexct
pa:nerllHoila
o6y.reFlIarí, cToI,lT oTMeTI4Tb, qTo
,fonopx o
Ao l ceHrx6pn l954 rola oHo tIoBceMecTHo l,ícno,I[,3oBaIocb
coBeTcxož cncreuotž o6pasonaHur (npuveu pa3Aen[,Ho yvklnl4cl
MaIbql.{KH I,r AeBoqKfi c flepBoro rlo AecíTbIIž KIacc Bo Bcex
rurolax), u 6ltlo rpaAI4UL{oHHrIM lťlrg, Poccuu eue B JlopeBortoulloH}{ble
BpeMeHa.
(IIPABAA.py, 14 anrycra 2001 r.)
@ PasHHeMHeHnn
Hara.nur. LIIroJ1lHaq $oprr,ra. C ernuu
uro"rlr
$opr*la cosercxoro o6-
MHeHne
I{To AoJIxeH
lllrolluag Qopva He Hyxna! fl car,taeil{e
rlycb
Tenepb HaM BBeJI}l óoprury. A vrIe Mexny
rlpotll,{M l5 rrer,
(Iraraau,
npeAcTaBnrlla co6ož ilKoIbHa,I
^ 9ro
pa3ua?
floveuy ceňqac cHoBa
I,I
nepexoAHbltž nospacr, xor{eTc, I4 BbIInrAeTb
cooTBeTcTBeHHo, a
He KaK c-Iapaq TeTKa neHcI4OI{Holo Bo3pacTa.
KTo Bo t{To ropa3A
^
Bo3Mox {ocrl au6uparl
.flHa. He,r, Her, Her!
nnIopanI43M
@ Orrer"re
žUlbTepHaTL{B}{blx " BapI4aHToB
:l^Me]IW
Kax cauu
AeTI4 o,rHocrtTc.rt K pa3AenbHoMy o6yueHtlto?
lIpunoanrr.r
AaHHbIe onpoca uKoJlbHL{Kon
xpaž, urro:ra
Nl l03)
MopcKoI,o paňorra):
r,r
ns XeIe3HoIopcKa (KpacHoapcxrarž
CaHxr-flerep.ypra (urrola irrn too np"-
Ieeoarcu
I(nacc /leBor{eK --- 3To rax 6o.usua,, ceMbrl.
Msl He 6oilvc,' slIcKa3bll}a,rb cBoe MHeHl.1e 14 AeInTbc9
BneqaTJ.IeH h\MI^,
flenovxlt 6es vzutsq1.1xos 6o.]rb[te sadorrr.rcri o6 y.te6e, a }le
o ToM,
KaK noqpqe HaKpacl4.I.b r,;ta:a. .I.ro6sl BbIl._,lflllel.b
noB3pocnee
fi rloKpyqe.
7*
99
Hnrro He oTBJqeKaeT, r{e AepIaeT 3a Koct{tIKI4.
Hurro He HeceTcfl IaIo[IoM B CToJloByIo, Bce
@ trogroeHaqnr?
I4AyT cl]oxoňno,
pa3AeJIbHoe o6yveuue
neÁn.
'Io, .11o MbI yI{I4Mcfl oTAenbHo oT MuL,IbqI,{KoB, eule He 3HaqnT,
qTo MbI soo6u{e He o6ruaeucfl c HHMI4, qTo HeHaBuAHM MyxqfiH, Mu
}Ie MoHa[IK|^ V He aMa3oHKI.{. MsI gIrc6,.IgeMcfl lI AyMaeM o HpIX.
KaK
clreruanultli rclacc
I,IC,II4HHbIe
@
Eclu 6u MHe npeAocTatsI4Jlacb Bo3MoxHocrl nepei.irn B cMeuIaH_
Hltň xllacc, R 6sI ge corJlacunacb.
3Aecl y Hac HeT HI4KaKI,Ix KoMIIJIeKcoB u 6ol3llu, qro gac o6uAqr, o6sosyr n,ru ocropdxr.
MHe upanuTcfl pa3AenbHoe o6yreuue, noToMy qTo B Klacce AeBoqeK o craHosra TI,Ixafl u cnoxoňHafl, a B zuIaccax MuuIbt{I4KoB BceIAa ilIyMHo, I,{ oHI4 AepyTcq Mexny co6oiá.
Ha yporax MbI He cTecH.íeMcq.
Y gac pa3Hble I,IHTepecbI.
Maabqurcu
B cueuraHuoM
r, Karosll
r Kaxossl
r llovelty
nue?
KJIacce c ÁeBqoHKaMI4 cKyIIHo. !,enuouxu Bcel.[a
!,esvoHxn 3aAnpl4cTble I{ HaBepHíKa He AaBaJII,í 6st uau [o;lHocTblo nocBflulars ce6lt ypoKaM.
!,esuoHxlt Ha ypoKax BLI3XaT, Ha [IepeMeHax [IunaloTcrl n Áepta_
IoT 3a BoJlocst. C AesqoHroň HeIosKo, a c napHeM - coBceM Apyloe
MaJIbrI}IKoB
MoxHo s ]Irc6oe BpeMrI ypoKa s[,IňrI4
B Tya_
JIeT, HI4Koro He cTecHflflcb.
MoxHo, He 6oRcs, pacKpblTb cBoL{ I4CTI,íH_
qyBcTBa
o npo6leuax.
noloBopl,{Tb
AIÁ
HbIe
qTo,[eBqTo
MbI
ÁoJIXHbI )^IllTbcfl pa3ÁeJlbHo, noToMy
.fl cqnrarc,
tIoHKl4 I,IHotAa cMyua}oT Hac pI Tor.4a cTaHoBI4Tc, He no ce6e,
6olryurxl4 I,t oTBJIeKa}oT Ha ypoKax, He AaIoT xopo-
B x;lacce
MzUIbqLtKoB
!,envoHxIa
tilo ylll4Tbcr.
-
V ÁesqoHox
cBol4 MbIcII4
il
B3rJIrIA Ha ML{p,
n
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