PODPORA ELEKTRONICKÝCH FOREM VÝUKY

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PODPORA ELEKTRONICKÝCH FOREM VÝUKY
PODPORA ELEKTRONICKÝCH FOREM VÝUKY
CZ.1.07/1.1.06/01.0043
Tento projekt je financován z prostředků ESF a státního rozpočtu ČR.
SOŠ informatiky a spojů a SOU, Jaselská 826, Kolín
ANGLICKÝ JAZYK
HOUSING
Autorem tohoto výukového materiálu jsou:
PhDr. Ludmila Růžičková
Mgr. Dana Valášková
Terezie Marková
Mgr.Lidija Činovcová
SOŠ informatiky a spojů a SOU, Jaselská 826, Kolín
WAY TROUGH THE STARS
Houses
Housing
MENU
Nápověda
Konec
prezentace
Zdroje
Housing
The British pride in ownership is well known.
A house, a garden and a place to wash
the car is a British ideal. And the proverb
My house – my castle is still a living truth in Britain.
A large number of British people live in houses. Of
course, most people don´t have enough money to
buy a house for cash, so they have to take out a
mortgage. It usually takes them about 25 years to
pay it off. Perhaps that enormous investment of time
and money is the reason why the British love their
houses so much.
Housing
• Census 2001: Housing
• The most popular type of home in
England is semi-detached (more than 27%
of all homes), closely followed by
detached then terraced.
• Almost half of London's households are
flats, maisonettes or apartments.
Information taken from Census 2001
Housing
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Proverbs
Buildings
Houses in Britain
Inside a house - groundfloor
Inside a house - first floor
Outside a house
Prepositions of place
There is/are
Proverbs
• My house – my castle
• East or west – home is best
• Home sweet home
• There´s no place like home
Buildings
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
block of flats
cabin
castle
cathedral
chalet
church
cottage
[blk әv flæts]
[’kæbn]
[’kɑ:sl]
[kә’i:drәl]
[’ʃæle]
[tʃ:tʃ]
[’ktdʒ]
Buildings
•
•
•
•
•
•
hut
light house
skyscraper
villa
houseboat
manor house
[ht]
[’lathaʊs]
[’skaskrepә]
[’vilә]
[’haʊsbәʊt]
[’mænә haʊs]
Buildings
Buildings
Buildings
Buildings
Buildings
Houses in Britain
• bungalow
• detached house
• semi-detached house
• terraced house
• mansion
• sheltered housing
• cottage
['bŋәlәʊ]
[d'tætʃt haʊs]
['semi d'tætʃt haʊs]
['terәst haʊs]
['mænʃn]
['ʃ'eltәd haʊsiŋ]
['ktdʒ]
A bungalow
A bungalow
• a single-storey house
• It has only one storey and that´s why is
usually popular with older people.
• It can be mostly found in villages.
• The word originates from the Indian word
banga, which in the 19th century referred
to houses built in a Bengali style.
• Bungalows can either be detached or
semidetached
A detached house
A detached house
• It isn´t joined to any other house.
• It is a two-storey house.
• It usually has a garden all round the
house
• There is a kitchen, sometimes with a
separate dining room, a large living room
and a toilet downstairs.
• There are at least three bedrooms and a
bathroom with a toilet upstairs.
A semi-detached house
A semi-detached house
• the most common house
• the two-storey house without a cellar
• It is built in pairs with one house joined to
the other along one side.
• These houses usually have two or three
bedrooms• There is a separate garden in front of the
house (front garden) and the back garden
behind the house.
A terraced house
A terraced house
• the oldest type of house, they were built mainly
•
•
•
for working-class people
four or more houses are joined together in a row
both sides of each housein the row share
common walls with beighbouring house, with
the exception with the houses at each end of
the terrace
the first and last of these houses is called an end
terrace, and is often larger than those houses in
the middle
A mansion
A mansion
• a very large detached house
• The word itself derives from the Latin
word mansio ("act of remaining or
staying")
• a traditional European mansion was
defined as a house which contained a
ballroom and tens of bedrooms
A sheltered housing
A sheltered housing
• A special designed block of flats for old
people or disabled ones
• There are special facilities,such as lifts and
ramps for wheelchairs.
• There is also a warden who helps them to
live as indepentently as possible, for
example by going shopping for them.
A cottage
• Anne Hathaway´s cottage
A cottage
• a small house in the country with thick walls, small
•
•
•
•
•
windows, low ceilings and usually with a thatched
roof
usually has one and half storeys
the top floor is much smaller than the groundfloor
originally in middle ages cottages housed
agricultural workers and their families
the term cottage denoted the dwelling of a cotterpeasants
were originally located in rural or semi-rural
locations
Plan of a typical house
Plan of a typical house
bush
Plan of a typical house
Inside a house –
groundfloor/downstairs
• hall
• dining room
• kitchen
• living room
• toilet
• utility room
• swimming pool
[h
:l]
[’danŋru:m]
[’ktʃin]
[’lvŋru:m]
[’t
lәt]
[ju:’tlәtru:m]
[’swmŋpu:l]
A hall
A hall
coat hanger
hall miror
coat rack
A hall - vocabulary
coat rack [kәʊt ræk ]
věšák na kabáty
coat hook [kәʊt hʊk]
háček na kabáty
coat hanger [kәʊt hæŋә]
ramínko
hall mirror [h
:l mrә]
zrcadlo
chest of drawers for shoes [tʃest әv dr
:z f
: ʃu:z]
botník
stairs [steәz]
schodiště
umbrella stand [m’brelә stænd] stojan na deštník
A dining room
chair
plate
tablecloth
vase
table
carpet
A dining room
A dining room - vocabulary
table ['tebl]
jídelní stůl
chair [tʃ'eә]
židle
carpet ['kɑ:pt]
koberec
tablecloth ['teblklθ]
ubrus
small tablecloth [sm
:l 'teblklθ] ubrousek
table napkin ['tebl næpkn]
ubrousek
vase [vɑ:z]
váza
dish [dʃ]
mísa, jídlo (chod), nádoba
A dining room - vocabulary
plate [plet]
talíř, mísa
tureen [tjʊә'ri:n]
polévková mísa
saucer ['s
:sә]
podšálek, tácek, miska, omáčník
porringer [‘prindʒә]
polévková miska, šálek,
miska, talířek
cup [kp]
šálek
teacup ['ti:kp ]
šálek na čaj
A dining room - vocabulary
cup and saucer ['kp әnd 's
:sә ] šálek a
podšálek
mug [m]
hrneček, konvička
teapot , tea-pot ['ti:pt] čajová konvice
coffeepot ['kfi pot]
konvice na kávu
cutlery ['ktlәri]
příbor
knife [naf]
nůž
A dining room - vocabulary
fork [f
:k ]
vidlička
spoon [spu:n]
lžíce
teaspoon ['ti:spu:n]
lžička
setting ['setŋ]
prostírání
place-setting ['ples setŋ] prostírání
tea-cloth ['ti: klθ]
malé prostírání
lay the table [le ðә tebl] prostřít
spread the table [spred ðә tebl] prostřít
lay the cloth [le ðә klθ]
prostřít
A kitchen
gas stove
cupboard
A kitchen
A kitchen - vocabulary
kitchen unit [ktʃn ju:nt] kuchyňská linka
cupboard ['kbәd]
kuchyňská skříňka
stove [stoʊv]
kredenc
electric stove [l'ektrk stoʊv] elektrický sporák
gas stove ['æs stoʊv]
plynový sporák
cooker ['kʊkә]
sporák, vařič
oven ['vәn]
pečicí trouba
dishwasher ['dʃwoʃә]
myčka nádobí
A kitchen - vocabulary
sink, kitchen sink [sŋk]
kuchyňský dřez
detergent [d't:dʒәnt]
saponát
washing-up liquid ['wʃŋ p lkwd]
prostředek na mytí nádobí
wire wool ['waә wʊl]
drátěnka na nádobí
dishrag, dishcloth ['dʃ ræ], ['dʃ klθ]
hadřík na nádobí
dishcloth, dishtowel ['dʃ klθ], ['dʃ taʊәl]
utěrka na nádobí
pot [pt]
hrnec, džbán, kotlík
potlid ['ptlid]
poklička
A kitchen - vocabulary
teapot ['ti:pt]
čajová konvice
coffeepot ['kfi pt]
kávová konvice
pan [pæn]
pánev
frying pan ['fraŋ pæn] pánev, pekáč
saucepan ['s
:spæn]
hluboká pánev, pekáč
fryer, frier ['fraә]
pekáč
drip (dripping) pan [drp, 'drpŋ pæn] pekáč
A kitchen - vocabulary
baking pan ['bekŋ pæn]
pánev
electric baking pan ['lektrk]
elektrická pánev
spoon [spu:n]
lžíce, vařečka
spurte [sp:t]
měchačka
plank [plæŋk]
(kuchyňské) prkénko
grater ['retә]
struhadlo
crumbs-grater ['krms retә] mlýnek na strouhanku
A kitchen - vocabulary
mixer, blender ['mksә]
chopper ['tʃpә]
whipper ['wpә]
beater ['bi:tә]
laddle, ladle [‘ledl ]
dipper [‘dpә ]
mixer
sekáček
šlehač
šlehač
naběračka, sběračka
naběračka
A kitchen - vocabulary
brush ['brʃ]
smeták
whisk, hand-brush [wsk], ['hænd brʃ] smetáček
shovel ['ʃvl]
lopatka
mop [mp]
mop, vytírat mopem
swab, swob [swb]
hadr na utírání
wiper ['wapә]
hadr. utěrka
A living room - 1
armchair
ceiling
wall
lamp
A living room - 2
clock
fireplace
painting
A living room - vocabulary
armchair ['ɑ:mtʃeә]
křeslo
rocking chair ['rkŋ tʃeә] houpací křeslo
bookcase ['bʊkkes]
knihovna
bookshelf ['bʊkʃelf]
polička na knihy
carpet ['kɑ:pt]
koberec
wall to wall carpeting [w
:l tә w
:l 'kɑ:pәtŋ]
celoplošný koberec
ceiling ['si:lŋ]
strop
ceiling fan['si:lŋ fæn]
stropní ventilátor
A living room - vocabulary
clock [klk]
cosy ['koʊz]
curtain ['k:tn]
door [d
:]
downstairs [dan’steәz]
upstairs [p’steәz]
fireplace [’faәples]
hodiny
útulný
záclona
dveře
dole, v přízemí
nahoře, v patře
krb
A living room - vocabulary
floor [fl
:]
podlaha, patro
furniture ['f:ntʃә]
nábytek
furnished ['f:nʃd]
zařízený nábytkem
unfurnished [n 'f:nʃd]
nezařízený nábytkem
Hi-fi console ['ha fa knsәl]
Hi-fi zařízení
(hi-fi = high fidelity) [f'delәti]
vysoce věrná
reprodukce
lamp [læmp]
lampa
painting ['pentŋ]
malba, obraz
A living room - vocabulary
stereo system ['steriәʊ sstәm] stereo věž
TV set [ti:'vi:]
televizor
wall [w
:l]
zeď
wallpaper ['w
:lpepә]
tapeta
wardrobe ['w
:drәʊb]
šatní skříň
wall unit ['w
:l ju:nt]
obývací stěna
well equipped ['wel kwpd] dobře vybavený,
zařízený
A living room - vocabulary
built-in wardrobe ['blt n 'w
:drәʊb]
vestavěná šatní skříň
sun-blind ['sn bland ]
žaluzie
statuette ['stætʃʊәt]
soška
vase [vɑ:z]
váza
candlestick ['kændlstk]
svícen
coffee table ['kfi tebl]
konferenční stolek
loudspeaker ['laʊdspi:k]
reproduktor
plant in a flowerpot ['plɑ:nt n ә 'flaʊәpt]
květina v květináči
remote control [r'mәʊt kәn'trәʊl] dálkový ovladač
A utility room
• or a laundry (in American English), is a room
•
where automatic washing machine, clothes
dryer,an ironing board, an iron and a lot of other
necessary things for household can be stored.
It can be located in the basement of older
houses, but in many modern houses it can be
found on the groundfloor near the kitchen or
upstairs near the bedrooms.
A utility room - vocabulary
brush [brʃ]
kartáč
dustpan ['dstpæn]
lopatka na smetí
mop [mp]
hadr, hadrový smeták
iron ['aәn]
žehlička
ironing-board ['aәnŋ b
:d ] žehlicí prkno
vacuum cleaner ['vækjʊ:m kl:nә] vysavač
automatic washing machine automatická pračka
[
:tә'mætk 'wʃŋ mә'ʃ'i:n]
An indoor swimming pool
Inside a house –
first floor/upstairs
• bedroom
['bedrʊ:m]
• nursery/children´s room ['n:sәr/tʃ'ldrәn rʊ:m]
• study
['std]
• bathroom and a toilet ['ba:θru:m ænd ә 't
lәt]
• attic
['ætk]
A bedroom 1
double bed
A bedroom 2
A bedroom 3
bedside cabinet
pillow
blanket
A bedroom - vocabulary
alarm clock [ә'lɑ:m klk]
budík
bed [bed]
postel
single bed ['sŋl bed]
jednolůžko
double bed ['dbl bed]
dvojlůžko
bedcover ['bedkvә]
přikrývka
bedspread ['bedspred]
přehoz
bedside cabinet ['bedsad 'kæbnәt]] noční stolek
bedside table ['bedsad tebl]
noční stolek
bed-linen ['bed 'lnn]
ložní prádlo
blanket ['blæŋkt]
přikrývka
A bedroom - vocabulary
chest of drawers ['tʃest әv 'dr
:] prádelník
coat-hanger ['kәʊt hæŋә]
ramínko na šaty
dressing table ['dresŋ 'tebәl]
toaletní stolek
dressing stool ['dresŋ 'stu:l]
taburet
headboard ['hedb
:d]
záhlaví postele
lamp (reading lamp) ['ri:dŋ læmp] lampa, lampička
bedroom lamp ['bedru:m 'læmp]
nástěnná světla u postele
light [lat]
světlo
A bedroom - vocabulary
mattress ['mætrәs]
pillow ['ploʊ]
rug (bedside rug) [r]
wardrobe ['w
:drәʊb]
matrace
polštář
koberec, běhoun
šatní skříň
A nursery /Children´s room
A girl´s nursery
cot
toys
A nursery - vocabulary
bunk (bed) [bŋk]
patrová postel
cot/ crib (Am.E.) [kt/krb] dětská postýlka
toys [t
z ]
hračky
storage box ['st
:rdʒ 'bks]
úložný prostor bedna (na hračky)
lamp [læmp] (stojací)
lampa
cradle/crib ['kredl/krb]
kolébka
A study
computer
desk
printer
document file
swivel chair
A study - vocabulary
answering machine (answerphone) ['ɑ:nsәŋ mәʃ'i:n]
fax
computer [kәm'pju:tә]
počítač
desk [desk ]
pracovní stůl
document file ['dkjumәnt fal]
šanon
file [f'al]
desky
filling cabinet ['f'lŋ 'kæbnәt] skříňka na dokumenty
A study - vocabulary
keyboard ['ki:b
:d]
klávesnice
notebook ['nәʊtbʊk]
zápisník
office furniture ['fs 'f:ntʃә] kancelářský nábytek
printer ['prntә]
tiskárna
punch [pntʃ]
děrovačka
swivel chair ['swvl 'tʃ'eә]
otáčecí židle
stapler ['steplә]
sešívačka
wastepaper basket ['westpepә ba:skt]
koš na papír (odpadky)
A bathroom
bathroom cabinet
gown
mirror
A bathroom and a toilet
washbasin
shower cubicle
bidet
A bathroom - vocabulary
bar of soap ['bɑ: әv 'sәʊp] mýdlo (kostka mýdla)
bath [bɑ:θ ]
vana
bathroom cabinet ['bɑ:θrum 'kæbnәt]
koupelnová skříňka
bath salt ['bɑ:θ s
:lt]
sůl do koupele
bath towel ['bɑ:θ taʊәl]
osuška
bath mat ['bɑ:θ mæt]
koupelnová předložka
bidet ['bi:de]
bidet
blind ['bland]
roleta
A bathroom - vocabulary
comb [kәʊm]
kartáč (na vlasy)
brush [brʃ]
hřeben
hand-towel ['hænd-taʊәl]
ručník
flannel ['flænәl]
žínka
laundry basket [l'
:ndri bɑ:skt]
koš na prádlo
medicine cabinet ['medsәn 'kæbnәt] lékárnička
mirror ['mrә]
zrcadlo
A bathroom - vocabulary
mirrored bathroom cabinet ['mrәd 'bɑ:θrum 'kæbnәt]
koupelnová zrcadlová skríňka
mixer taps (for cold/hot water) ['mksә 'tæp]
kohoutek se studenou/teplou vodou
scales ['skel]
váha
shower ['ʃ'aʊә]
sprcha
shower cubicle ['ʃ'aʊә 'kju:bkl] sprchový kout
shampoo[ʃæm'pu:]
šampon
sponge ['spndʒ]
(mycí) houba
A bathroom - vocabulary
towel-rail ['taʊәl rel]
držák na ručníky
tube of toothpaste ['tju:b әv 'tu:θpest] zubní pasta
toothbrush ['tu:θbrʃ]
zubní kartáček
washbasin ['wʃbesәn]
umyvadlo
(automatic) washing machine [
:tә'mætk 'wʃŋ
mә'ʃ'i:n]
(automatická) pračka
tile [tal]
dlaždička, obkladačka
An attic / a loft
Outside the house
• garden
• greenhouse
• garage
• swimming pool
['ɑ:dәn]
['ri:nhaʊs]
['ærɑ:ʒ]
['swmŋ pu:l] ]
A garden
bush
law
bench
A garden
flower-bed
A garden
• A greenhouse is a structure with a glass or
plastic roof and walls
• It can be found in the (back) garden
• It is used for growing flowers and
vegetables
• It can also be a permanent home to coldhardy vegetables grown for autumn and
winter harvest
In the garden - vocabulary
bench [bentʃ]
bush [bʊʃ]
flower-bed ['flaʊә bed]
flowerpot ['flaʊәpt]
fence [fens]
grass/lawn ['rɑ:s/'l
:n]
gate [et]
hedge [hedʒ]
lawnmower ['l
:nmәʊә]
lavička
keř
květinový záhon
květináč
plot
tráva, trávník
vrata
živý plot
sekačka na trávu
In the garden - vocabulary
path [pɑ:θ]
plant [plɑ:nt]
tree [tri:]
watering can ['w
:tә kәn]
greenhouse ['ri:nhaʊs]
chodník
rostlina
strom
konev
skleník
A garage and a carport
A garage and a carport
• A garage is a part of a house, or an
associated building.In the past garages
were often separate buildings from the
house.
• It can be single or double, used for storing
one or two cars.
• It is also a place used to store tools,
bicycles,lawn mowers and other things
A garage and a carport
• A carport offers less protection than a
garage but allow for more ventilation.
• It can either be free standing or attached
to a wall.
• The structure doesn´t have four walls,
and is mostly commonly found with only
two.
• It is cheaper than a garage.
An outdoor swimming pool
Prepositions of place
Prepositions of place
Prepositions of place
Prepositions of place - exercises
• For this exercise use picture of a living room 2
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
The coffee table is………………….of the room.
The picture is ………………….the mantelpiece.
The blue carpet is ………………………the floor.
The Tv set is ………………………..the wall unit.
The plant is…………………………….the window.
The vase is…………………………the matelpiece.
The sofa is ……………………………the wall unit.
There is/are
• Tato vazba vyjadřuje:
• existenci (výskyt) blíže neurčené věci,
případně osoby
• má ustálený slovosled
• následuje po ní podstatné jméno se členem
neurčitým, číslovkou nebo výrazy
some/any.
• výraz there v této vazbě nemá žádný
konkrétní význam, zastupuje pouze podmět,
a proto se nepřekládá.
There is/are
• Tento výraz je však třeba odlišit od
příslovečného určení místa "there", které
stojí zpravidla na konci věty (vyskytuje se
ve větě proto 2x).
• Tuto vazbu můžeme použít s různými
slovesnými časy
There is/are
Přítomný čas:
Oznamovací
způsob:
There is/ are + podmět + příslovečné určení místa
There is a coffee table in the middle of the room.
Uprostřed pokoje je konferenční stolek.
There is a desk near the window.
U okna je psací stůl.
There are some plants in the living room.
V obývacím pokoji jsou květiny.
There is/are
Zápor:
There is/are + not + podmět + příslovečné určení místa
There is not a fireplace in the living room
V obývacím pokoji není krb.
There are not posters on the wall.
Na stěně nejsou žádné plakáty.
NEBO
There isn´t a bookcase in the study.
V pracovně není knihovna.
There aren´t any rugs on the floor
Na podlaze nejsou žádné koberce.(předložky)
There is/are
Otázka :
Is/ are there + podmět + příslovečné určení místa
Is there a dining room in this house?
Je v (tomto) domě jídelna?
Are there any books on the shelf?
Jsou na polici (nějaké) knihy?
Krátká odpověď:
Yes, there is/are or No, there isn´t/ aren´t
Is there a balcony in this house?
Yes, there is.
Is there a toilet in the batroom?
No, there isn´t.
There is/are
Nejčastější chyby:
Chybný překlad
a slovosled:
In the living room are 2 windows.
V obývacím pokoji jsou 2 okna.
Správný překlad:
There are 2 windows in the living room.
NEBO
In the living room, there are 2 windows.
Chybné užití přivlastňovacího zájmena nebo určitého členu:
There is our car in the garage.
There is the car in the garage.
Správně:
There is a car in the garage.
There was/were
Minulý čas :
Oznamovací
způsob :
There was/were+podmět+příslovečné určení místa
There were some flowers on the table.
Na stole byly (nějaké) květiny.
There was a carpet on the floor.
Na podlaze byl koberec.
There was/were
Otázka:
Was/were there +podmět+ příslovečné určení místa
Was there a dishwasher in the kitchen?
Byla v kuchyni myčka?
Were there any chairs at the table?
Byly u stolu (nějaké) židle?
Krátká odpověd´: Yes, there was/were.
No, there wasn´t / weren´t.
Was there a window in bathroom?
Yes, there was. // There wasn´t.
There used to be
Tuto vazbu můžeme použít v minulém čase i
s vazbou "used to"
There used to be + podmět + příslovečné určení místa
There used to be a bedroom but now there is a guest room.
Bývala tu ložnice, ale nyní je tu pokoj pro hosty.
There is/are going to be
Budoucí čas:
There is/are going to be + podmět + příslovečné určení místa
There is going to be a new study there.
Bude tu nová pracovna.
NEBO
There will be + podmět + příslovečné určení místa
There will be another garage behind the house.
Za domem bude ještě další garáž.
Houses in the USA
detached house [d'tætʃt haʊs] rodinný dům
duplex ['dju:pleks]
dvojdomek
row house ['rәʊ haʊs]
řadový domek
mansion ['mænʃn]
zámeček, panské sídlo
ranch - style house ['rɑ:ntʃ - stal haʊs ]
ranč, statek
Big North American two-story
single-detached home
A duplex
Rowhomes in Washington, D.C.
Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt
A ranch - style house
A house – description
attic ['ætk]
balcony ['bælkә
lk ni]
chimney ['tʃmni]
front door ['frnt d
:]
roof [ru:f]
step [step]
window ['wndә
nd ʊ]
podkroví, půda
balkón
komín
přední dveře
střecha
schod
okno
A house – description
Types of flats
• bedsitter
['bedstә ]
• studio flat
['stju:diәʊ flæt]
• two/three/four-room flat ['ru:m flæt]
• co-op flat/apartment ['kәʊ-әp flæt/ә'pɑ:tmәnt]
• council flat
['kaʊnsl flæt ]
• loft flat/apartment
['lft flæt / ә'pɑ:tmәnt]
• mobile home
['mәʊbal hәʊm]
• penthouse
['penthaʊs]
A bed-sit / studio flat
• the smallest type of a flat
• also known as a bed-sitting room
• consists of a single room with a shared
bathroom and lavatory
• this single room is used for both – living
and sleeping
• is often occupied by young people
• the living there is cheap
A bed-sit / studio flat
• a studio flat is one room apartment with a
small adjoining kitchen and a private
bathroom
• There is no distinct bedroom in a studio:
sleeping, cooking, dining and living is all
done in the main room
• the American equivalents to a bed-sit are
single room occupancy (SRO) and
rooming house
A two/three/four-room flat
• A flat with a living room,one/two/ or three
bedrooms.
• Instead of one bedroom there can be
found a study, a guest room or a
playroom.
• There are usually also two bathrooms or a
half bath( with a toilet and a washbasin),
in a spacious flat.
A co-op flat/ apartment
• a form of ownership in which a
corporation owns the entire apartment
building or development and residents
own shares in the corporation that
correspondent to either apartment and a
correspond to their apartment and a
percentage of common areas
The council house
• a form of public or social housing
• they are built and operated by local
council
Council housing
Types of flats
• A condominium – a form of ownership of an
•
•
individual apartment and a percentage of
common areas
A penthouse – a luxurious, very expensive
flat/apartment on one of the highest floors of a
block of flats/ an apartment building
A maisonette a flat on two levels with internal
stairs or which has its own entrance at street
level
A loft flat/apartment
An empty attic space is converted into a functional flat.
Types of flats – mobile homes
• Mobile homes/ static caravans are prefabricated
•
•
•
•
homes built in factories
They were designed for people whose lifestyle
required mobility
They are usually transported by tractor-trailers
over public roads to sites which are often in
rural areas or high-density developmnets
Many people who coudn´t afford a traditional
site-built home began to see factory-built homes
as a viable alternative for long- term housing
needs
In some countries they are used for temporary
accommodation on campsites
Mobile home parks
Housing - vocabulary
buy a house/flat ['ba]
koupit dům/byt
rent a house/flat ['rent]
pronajmout si dům/byt
live in a house/flat ['lv]
bydlet v domě/bytě
housing shortage ['ʃ
:tdʒ] nedostatek bytů
solve the housing problem ['slv]
(vy)řešit bytový problém
move (house) ['mu:v]
stěhovat se
move in
nastěhovat se
let the house/flat ['let]
pronajmout dům/byt
Housing - vocabulary
tenant ['tenәnt]
basement ['besmәnt]
loft ['lft]
attic ['ætk]
ground floor ['raʊnd fl
:]
kitchenette ['ktʃnet]
dining recess ['danŋ r'ses]
roomy ['ru:mi]
nájemník
suterén
půda
podkroví
přízemí
kuchyňka
jídelní kout
prostorný
Housing - vocabulary
cosy ['koʊzi]
útulný
comfortable ['kmftәbl]
pohodlný,útulný
entrance hall ['entrәns h
:l] vstupní hala, předsíň
climb the stairs ['klam ðә steәz]
vystoupit po schodech
heat a room ['hi:t ә ru:m] vytápět místnost
put some coal ['pʊt sәm kәʊl] přiložit uhlí
fireplace ['faәples]
krb
Housing - vocabulary
accommodation [әkmә'deʃn]
ubytování
dwelling ['dwelŋ]
obydlí
greenhouse ['ri:nhaʊs]
skleník
homesick ['hәʊmsk]
stesk po domově
housekeeper ['haʊski:pә]
domovník
housework ['haʊsw:k]
domácí práce
housing estate ['haʊzŋ s'tet]
sídliště
indoor heated pool [n'd
: hi:td pu:l]
vnitřní vyhřívaný bazén
Housing - vocabulary
maisonette [mezә'net]
mansion ['mænʃn]
mortgage ['m
:dʒ]
neighbourhood ['nebәhʊd]
pantry ['pæntri]
residential [rez'denʃl]
rural ['rʊәrәl]
shelter ['ʃeltә]
byt ve dvou patrech
zámeček, panské sídlo
hypotéka
sousedství
spíž
obytný, vilový
venkovský
útulek, přístřeší
Housing - vocabulary
suburb ['sb:b]
předměstí
layout of a house ['leaʊt әv ә haus ]
plánek domu
light [lat]
světlo
bucket ['bkt]
kbelík
wallpaper ['w
:lpepә]
tapetovat
paint ['pent]
vymalovat, natřít
polish ['plʃ]
leštit
mop the floor ['mp ðә fl
:] vytřít podlahu (vodou)
Zdroje
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Detached_house
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chalet_
bungalow
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Row_houses
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CHALET
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sheltered_housing
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mansion
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Breakers_rear.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Houseboat
Zdroje
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Council_flat
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_home#History
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gardener#Gardeners
http://www.obydleni.cz/fotogalerie/bazeny-saunyvirivky/706-vnitrni-bazen
http://www.waterair.cz/obrazky-bazeny.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Caravans_at_beer_devon_a
rp.jpg
Zdroje
Friendship 9-10, My home, my castle
Světla Brendlová, Reálie anglicky mluvících zemí,
nakladatelství Fraus, 1995
The Oxford-Duden Pictorial English Dictionary, Oxford
University Press 1981
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Councilhousing01.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Duplex_home.JPG
Zdroje
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Single-family_detached_home
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terraced_house#In_the_United_
States
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Home_of_Franklin_D._Roosevelt_
National_Historic_Site
http://www.reality21.cz/nemovitosti/dum-obvod-praha-6-P102-147378
http://www.recaioglultd.com/Images
http://www.gliffy.com/examples
http://www.house-n-home-building.com/images
Zdroje
http://year8german.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/prepositi
ons-of-place-pictures1.png
http://eflbeginners.files.wordpress.com/2007/05/prepositio
ns.gif
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